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Video: Pines And Yews In Your Garden
Read the previous part of the article: Rhododendron, azalea and boxwood in your garden
Most pine trees are mighty trees that are appropriate in a wooded garden.
If you really have a lot of space, plant a Scotch Pine (Pinus sylvestris), Black Pine (Pinus nigra), Yellow Pine (Pinus ponderosa) or another tall species, but if space is limited, it is better to buy a more compact pine.
Long pine needles are pleasantly different from the scaly or short belt-like leaves of other conifers. In pine, needles 5-20 cm long are arranged in bunches of 2-5 pieces, and young shoots often look like candles. Hard, usually oval, 5-7.5 cm long cones remain hanging from the tree for several years.
Almost all pines thrive on sandy soils, and in coastal areas pine plantations are successfully used for protection from the wind.
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Types and varieties of pines
Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) grows up to 15 m or more in height. The conical crown of a young tree acquires an irregular shape over time. This pine has reddish bark and gray-green leaves arranged in two in a bunch. Slow growing varieties include Beuvronensis, Watereri, Fastigiata and Aurea.
Black Austrian Pine (Pinus nigra) and Black Calabarian Pine (Pinus nigra laricio). They are good on large plots, but for a medium-sized plot, the Hornibrookiana Black Dwarf Pine is best.
One of the most attractive tall pines is the Wallich Pine (Pinus wallichiana), which, unlike others, retains the lower branches throughout its life.
Among the dwarf pines, the Mountain Pine (Pinus mugo) is a bushy or creeping plant with two leaves in a bunch, look for the varieties Gnom (a squat shrub 60 cm high) and Mops (a rounded bush 45 cm high).
Weymouth Pine (Pinus strobus) variety Nana is a creeping plant with silvery blue-green needles, reaching a height of 2 m at maturity. Any well-drained garden soil and a sunny place are suitable for them. They multiply by seedlings; if desired, wild species can be propagated.
Mountain pine Mugo
The shrub has a beautiful crown shape with a height of 40 cm to 4 meters, its crown is flexible lodging trunks with rising young shoots. Needle needles 5.5 cm long, dark green, shiny, arranged in bunches of two. Her cones are small, round, single or in bunches of three.
It grows at a young age slowly, then faster. Growth 15 cm in height and 10 cm in spread. The plant is light-loving, but tolerates slight shading. It is undemanding to growing conditions, can grow on stony soils, tolerates acidic soils, stagnant moisture. Frost-resistant plant. Recommended single landings or in groups, landing on rocky hills.
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Yew tolerates unfavorable conditions better than many conifers. It can grow on covered soils, in the shade, is not afraid of polluted air, but poorly drained soil, oversaturated with moisture in winter, does not suit it at all.
Leaves are usually dark green, 1.5-3.5 cm long, arranged in two rows, but not all yews are dark green shrubs that require regular trimming.
Plants are male and female. The female plants produce seeds with a fleshy red roof (fleshy sac) with a diameter of 1.5 cm.
Yew grows slowly. This plant can be used as a living fence. But do not forget that yew seeds are poisonous.
Types and varieties of yews
Yew berry has the shape of an upright tree or a large bush with a dense crown.
The columnar tree used is the Fastigiata variety, the so-called Irish yew, reaching a height of 4.5 meters. Fastigiata Aurea has colored yellow needles, while Fastigiata Aureomarginta has yellow-bordered leaves.
The yellow variety Semperaurea is the most popular among the low-growing yews.
Of the highly growing ground cover varieties, that is, creeping, the Repandens variety should be noted, which in 10 years grows only 0.5 meters in height and 3-5 m in diameter. In doing so, it forms the correct shape of the umbrella.
There is also a species that forms a rounded bush. It is a medium-sized yew of the Hicksii variety with dark green leaves and a slow-growing spiky yew variety Nana.
Yew Fastigiata Robusta
Coniferous species 4-6 meters high, 0.8-1.5 meters wide. It grows slowly, the flowers are inconspicuous, the fruits are small, it is frost-resistant.
Recommended in small groups in the home gardens.
Medium Yew Hicksii
The shape of the crown is columnar. Shoots are long, rising, often wider at the top than at the base. The needles are up to 3 cm long, dark green. Height 3-4 meters. Diameter 2.2 meters. Loves light and partial shade. Prefers fertile, moist soils. Frost resistant. It grows pretty quickly. Produces abundantly. Recommended for group and single plantings in rocky areas. The best grade for a molded live fence.
Yew Medium Hilli
Shrub, female form, bred in 1914. Height 3-5 meters, crown diameter 2-3.5 meters. The crown is dense, compact, wide-pyramidal. The needles are acicular, shiny, green, pointed, 2-2.2 cm long and up to 0.25 cm wide.
It grows slowly, annual growth is 10-15 cm in height, 10 cm in width. This yew is shade-tolerant. Prefers fresh, well-drained loamy soils, does not tolerate stagnant water and acidic soils. She tolerates a haircut, frost-resistant. Recommended for singles and groups.
Yew Berry Repandens
Creeping shrub 0.4-0.5 meters high and 2-5 meters wide. Branches horizontally spaced from the trunk, pressed to the ground. The needles are up to 3 cm long, crescent-shaped, directed upward and forward, from above with a distinct central line, shiny, dark green with a bluish tint, flat below, lighter. The needles are poisonous to mammals. This yew grows slowly, it is shade-tolerant, hygrophilous, but strong shading causes oppression of plants. The soil prefers fresh, well-drained, winter-hardy.
In culture, the form has been known since 1887 in the United States. Propagated by grafting. Recommended for landscaping terraces when grown in containers, for group plantings in rocky areas, in rock gardens.
A tree up to 20 meters tall, with a wide, ovoid-oval crown. At the northern border of its distribution, it takes on a dwarf, creeping form. The bark is brown-red with yellowish-white spots. The needles are 1.8-2.6 cm long, sharply pointed into a short thorn, lighter than those of the berry yew. On the upper side it is dull green, below it is light green with two brownish-yellow stripes, lasts 4-5 years, slightly turns brown in the autumn.
This yew is more frost-hardy than berry yew, tolerates frosts up to 35… 40 ° С. It is drought-resistant, undemanding to soil. It reconciles with a lack of moisture, tolerates strong pruning, shade-tolerant. It grows slowly.
Recommended for single and small group plantings, to create the lower tier of plantings. They are used for landscaping in more northern regions than berry yew. In culture since 1854.
Read the next part of the article: Tui in your garden
Evergreens in your garden:
• Part 1. Evergreens in your garden
• Part 2. Arranging evergreens in your garden
• Part 3. Growing evergreens in your garden
• Part 4. Eating in your garden
• Part 5. Cypress in your garden
• Part 6 Junipers in your garden
• Part 7. Rhododendron, azalea and boxwood in your garden
• Part 8. Pines and yews in your garden
• Part 9. Thuja in your garden
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