Shelling Beans And Asparagus
Shelling Beans And Asparagus

Video: Shelling Beans And Asparagus

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Video: How To Grow Asparagus Beans, Chinese Long Beans, YardLong Beans In Containers 2023, February
Peeling bush beans
Peeling bush beans

Hulling bush beans

When cooked properly, green bean pods are not only tasty but also very healthy. And it's no coincidence that frozen beans are so expensive in supermarkets. And if your desire to grow it continues until next spring, then this is commendable. After all, bean pods contain a lot of protein, therefore, in terms of energy value, it is equal to meat. There are vitamins, mineral salts and amino acids, and they are the same as in beef.

Traditional healers recommend drinking an aqueous infusion of vegetable beans in the initial stages of diabetes mellitus, this reduces blood sugar by a quarter.

Like many other heat-loving plants, beans are sown when the soil at a depth of 10 cm warms up to a temperature of at least + 10 ° C. This usually happens (depending on the season) in the third decade of May or in early June, when there is no threat of return frosts. If the bean plants are exposed to cold temperatures, they will die.

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The beans are not sown very deeply: on light soils they are buried by 4-5 cm, on heavy ones - by 3-4 cm. The fact is that during germination, asparagus bean seedlings bring their thick cotyledons to the surface of the earth (see photo). On very dense ground, this will be difficult. Therefore, it is advisable to add a sufficient amount of organic matter - humus, compost to the bed set aside for sowing beans in the fall. Now is the time to start preparing future ridges.

In the spring, when sowing, the seeds are placed in rows at a distance of 10-12 cm from one another, but a distance is left between the rows, depending on the size of the future bush. If it is compact, then 25 cm is enough; for spreading bushes, up to half a meter is left between the rows.

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As you know, there are two types of beans - shelling beans (when ripe, mature beans are husked from the pods, which are used for cooking various dishes, and asparagus - this is exactly what your neighbor treated you to. juicy and without fibers, so they are boiled in an unripe state, pickled, etc. The varieties of asparagus beans come with green and yellow pods, which look very nice in jars after conservation.

In addition, there are curly and bush beans. Also, the varieties of shelling beans differ in the color of the beans. They are white, red, yellow, variegated, black.

Beans love warmth, but they also cannot withstand extreme heat.

One summer resident complained to me that this summer the beans were not pollinated in her entire garden, and curly varieties also suffered. This is because in their area (in Belarus) the heat was up to + 30 ° C and higher, and there was no opportunity to water often, knocking down the heat. As you know, the optimum temperature for the growing season of beans is + 25 … + 28 ° C.

Most often, gardeners and summer residents grow asparagus beans, especially in the Central region and the Northwest, because they reach the stage when juicy pods can be removed quite quickly. And peeling varieties may not have time to ripen.

Experienced gardeners plant beans several times at 10-day intervals to constantly re-harvest. You can sow it this way until mid-July, then harvesting until autumn. Hulling varieties ripen up to three months or longer, therefore it is most often grown in more southern regions.


Longest pod

Now there are many varieties of beans of all kinds - both asparagus and shelling. The asparagus variety Saks 615 is very popular - it is bushy, up to 40 cm high.Forms tubular juicy pods up to 12 cm long.

Another variety of asparagus beans known among gardeners is Caramel. This is also an early variety. Ripens in 60 days.

Ten days earlier than the previous varieties, the Oil King variety ripens. This is a bushy plant with delicate delicacy pods up to 25 cm long.

Among the asparagus varieties there are also curly ones, for example, the Golden Nectar variety. It ripens in 60-70 days. Its pods are yellow, up to 25 cm long.

Among the peeling varieties among gardeners, the varieties Dream of the Hostess, Gribovskaya (ripens in 90 days), Zolotistaya and others are in demand.


Beans in ornamental gardening

You can extend the growing time of beans. To do this, gardeners cover the bed in spring with a film two to three weeks before sowing, warming up the soil. Do not remove it even after the emergence of shoots, in order to maintain warmth inside for this sissy.

Beans have another beneficial property. She, like peas and other legumes, accumulates nitrogen in nodules on the roots, enriching the soil with it. Therefore, experts recommend chopping the roots and all the tops of beans in the fall and embedding them in the soil, improving its structure and fertility.

If you have any unsightly structure on your site, then you can decorate it by growing some climbing plants. But you can get two benefits at once if you sow curly beans near its wall and let its stems along guides, for example, twine, to the roof of the building. As a result, you will get a green screen of beans leaves, decorativeness will complement its flowers. And later, pods will appear there - you will also take off the crop.

E. Valentinov

Photo by Tatiana Lybina, Olga Rubtsova and the author

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