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Gravilat: Reproduction, Useful Properties, Use
Gravilat: Reproduction, Useful Properties, Use
Video: Gravilat: Reproduction, Useful Properties, Use
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Gravilates belong to the Rosaceae family. The genus of gravilats is relatively small. On the territory of our country, there are about 40 species.

All gravilates are rhizome, cold-resistant perennials. Wild forms usually grow in forests, among bushes, in humid places.

On the banks of rivers, in wet meadows and in swampy places, there is a nondescript moisture-loving grass with dark red hairy stems and drooping pink, cream, yellow bell-shaped flowers. This is a river gravity. Its height is up to 75 cm. It blooms from May to July.

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Gravilats are widespread in culture - Chilean, bright red and hybrid. In all gravilates, basal leaves are lyre-pinnate, stem leaves are tripartite with a relief surface. The flowers are six-petalled, semi-double or double, 3-4 cm in diameter, single, collected in panicles or corymbose inflorescences.

Colors of flowers in different shades - yellow, orange and red. All gravilates have dense, thick red rhizomes covered with leaf debris. If the gravilat is not limited in growth, it grows strongly and forms dense thickets. After flowering, fruit heads with curved noses appear. In natural conditions, gravilates are of little nutritional value. River gravilat is eaten by horses and cows, sheep and goats, beavers. In the north, deer do not shun them in winter.

Gravilat - plant healer

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The medicinal benefits of gravilat have been known since ancient times. Its roots were used for diarrhea as an astringent. The roots contain tannins, starch and resins. Dig up the roots in fall or early spring.

Store the collection in boxes. The popular nicknames of the river gravilata are water incense, vyshynik, "devil's heads" and conspiratorial grass. The Arkhangelsk people call him a coachman, the Grodno people call him an ozhinnik, the Smolensk people call him a wilted woman, and the Kurdish people call him disheveled.

The more famous pharmacopoeial object was the city gravilat. Its healing properties are recognized by both traditional and scientific medicine. Tannins are found in all parts of this plant, the core vessels of rhizomes are especially rich in them. Young, heavily pubescent and sinewy leaves are most valuable in the tops.

Dyes, starch, sugar and resins were also found in the underground parts of the city gravilat. Generous rhizomes and essential oils. It is they who give gravilat a clove scent - not without reason in the old herbalists this herb is called the clove root. People used to treat whooping cough with powder from the root of gravilate, and with infusions got rid of gastrointestinal disorders and malaria. In household use, clove root was placed in a barrel of beer so that it did not turn sour.

If you put the dry roots of gravilat in a wardrobe, then the moth will not start there, and the clothes will receive a pleasant fragrance. The popular nicknames of the city gravilata are agrimony, gorlachovka, Mungal tea. Urban gravilat grows in the forest between bushes, near rural estates. His flowers are single, yellow, with long legs. Blooms in June - July.

Gravilata grades

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And it is useful for gardeners to acquire cultural forms of gravilata.

Gravilat is bright red. Height up to 50 cm. Forms open, attractive flowers - simple, solitary or collected in few-flowered inflorescences on single slender stems. The flowers are red, bright carmine or orange up to 3 cm in diameter. Some inflorescences look like small roses, others like buttercups.

The flowers have satin wavy surfaces along the edge of the petals and corrugated in the center. They bloom for 30-40 days from June to September. Light green woolly leaves are wavy, divided into lobes at the edges. This is a very unpretentious plant. Gravilat of the Borizia variety has been growing in my garden for more than 30 years.

The hybrid gravilat is obtained from crossing several types of gravilates. The most famous varieties are Fire Opal with orange-red flowers, Gladis-Peri - with intense red flowers, Rubin - with dark scarlet flowers. I have the Flame of Love variety growing - this gravilat is as beautiful as a rose: double flowers, coral-red in color, 2.5 cm in diameter, wrinkled leaves. The height and width of the plant is 30-50 cm.

Chilean gravilat. The height of the plant is 60 cm, it has unpaired leaves, flowers up to 3-4 cm in diameter, simple or double, collected in paniculate inflorescences. Blooms from late June to mid-July for 30-50 days. Yellow varieties bloom almost all summer - from May to August.

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Reproduction of gravilat

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Propagate gravilates by dividing bushes and seeds. The bushes are divided in spring and autumn. To keep the gravilats healthy and strong, divide them every 3-4 years.

The strips should be small, and plant them at a distance of no more than 20-30 cm from each other. Young plants occupy an area of ​​30x50 cm. Stratify the seeds and sow in the autumn on the beds in the open field to free yourself from this work in the spring. Although, of course, you can sow them in early spring. Ready seedlings in the first year must be thinned and left for growing until next year. Seedlings can easily be transplanted at any time of summer, but it is better to do this in spring.

Gravilates are not very demanding on soils, but they are responsive to fertilizers. They grow better on soils enriched with organic material. They love moist, well-drained soil. Cultivars do not thrive on damp and acidic soils. There they freeze in winter. Mulching around the plants keeps the soil moist and cool in summer and keeps it from freezing in winter. Gravilates are photophilous, but grow well with partial shade, especially on hot days. Water the plants regularly during hot weather.

Use in landscape design

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When decorating country gardens, charming gravilates attract with their flowers and leaves.

Plant plants in groups, in beds. They form attractive curtains, ideal for foreground curbs and rocky hills. At the summer cottage, small curtains of gravilates look better, where each branch is visible, lovely ruddy flowers, split leaves with an extended lobule in the middle and round terry stems.

All decorative gravilates are very nice flower garden with unique colors. They are adorable both in cut and in small bouquets. These plants are excellent honey plants.

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