Video: How Our Rose Garden Appeared In Our Garden
2023 Author: Sebastian Paterson | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-24 11:24
The firstborn of our garden rose Flammentanz
There have always been many flowers in our garden, but the rose did not appear there for a long time. For some reason, we thought that our northern climate was not very suitable for an exquisite beauty. So it was until one day in the Pushkin Hills near the Svyatogorsk monastery we saw a wild flowering of one kind of rose, as we found out later, it was the Flamentanz rose.
It grew freely near houses, local women sold it in vases, buckets, bouquets - everywhere there was one shining red color. It was impossible to resist, we really wanted to get a terry scarlet miracle. But that time we could not get the seedlings, and we had to leave with nothing.
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Only later, already in St. Petersburg, where, by the way, Flamentanz, it turns out, also blooms no less magnificently, did we manage to buy a cutting, which became the first in our still small rose garden. The rose has long been considered the queen of flowers. She was loved, she was worshiped, so many legends were created about her, she played such an outstanding role in the history of mankind that whole volumes of books have been written about her. The ancient Greeks considered the rose a gift from the gods.
According to legend, she was born from snow-white foam that covered the body of Aphrodite who came out of the sea, and then the gods sprayed this flower with nectar, which gave it a wonderful smell. The rose came to Russia only in the 16th century, and at first it was considered the property of only the royal court. The tradition of decorating imperial residences with roses continues to this day, for example, in the garden near the Pink Pavilion of Pavlovsky Park, every summer you can admire the blooming of a significant collection of roses, selected from the best European varieties.
As it turns out, the popular Flammentanz, the first rose in our garden, was bred in Germany in 1955 from Kordesii and Rosa rubiginosa, both of which were used by Cordes for his finest shrub roses. The flowers are deep red, bright, large (up to 8 cm in diameter), double (25-40 petals), slightly fragrant, 3-16 flowers per inflorescence. Blooms profusely within 30-35 days. It grows into a sprawling bush or a low climbing rose up to 3 meters. Flammentanz is hardy, disease resistant.
Beautiful Rose of the Westerland variety
Wilhelm Cordes considered this rose to be his best red-flowered hybrid, but also scolded it for blooming only once. A single bloom is, indeed, a drawback of this beautiful rose: at the end of July, Flammentanz fades and is lost, you no longer remember about it.
While the other variety is Cordes, it is also one of the first and best known Westerland to bloom from June until the very frost. Moreover, each flowering wave is very long, so that the bush rarely stands without flowers. Westerland flowers are large, loosely double, with wavy petals appear in large loose racemes of 5-10 pieces.
Their color is orange-yellow, it is closer to warm brownish tones, it turns a little pale in the sun and the flowers seem to glow from the inside. The bushes of this variety grow strongly in width, so they look good in single plantings. Westerland is a recognized German rose, it is widely known far beyond Germany and is included in the catalogs of large rose-growing companies.
There is now a representative of English roses in our garden. Charles Austin is one of the earliest varieties of David Austin, by the way, it is still one of the most popular among flower growers. The flowers of this rose are cupped, large, appear in small clusters of 3-5 pieces on long shoots, when blooming they are apricot in color, later fade. The aroma is extraordinary - strong, fresh, fruity. This rose can bloom again. It should be noted that this variety is very hardy, for a long time in our country it grew in unsuitable conditions. There are several more varieties of roses. They may not be so famous, but each of them is attractive in its own way.
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Rose variety Leonardo da Vinci in bloom
For its unusual color, the bluest of all the colors of roses, we love Rhapsody in Blue. The combination of blue-violet petals, especially expressive in the shade, with a bright yellow luminous center, gives this variety an originality. And the relationship with the dog rose gave him also undemandingness to the growing conditions.
For its unpretentiousness and bright, even sharp, radiant pink color, the Elveshorn variety has been a longtime inhabitant of our garden. The deep double, deep pink flowers of Leonardo da Vinci conjure up old gardens in France, the country where the rose has long enjoyed the greatest love.
The most important thing in the agricultural technology of any roses is to properly prepare them for winter, so that the plants do not die in severe frosts that are common in our climate. In late September - early October, the rose bush stops flowering, at this time the inflorescences and buds are cut off. At a stable temperature of -2… -4 ° C, an important organ of the plant's life - the root collar of roses, we cover with peat - a material that not only insulates, but also breathes, capable of providing air exchange. When it gets even colder, we cover the roses with spruce branches - "hut", not tightly so that the plant breathes. In winter, it is advisable to ensure that the snow on the plants does not lie in a thick layer.
In early April, the soil near the roses is loosened to give air access to the plants. The insulation is gradually removed (at intervals of several days). It is best to prune roses in early May. All dry, old, weak and damaged branches are cut out. In spring, it is especially clear where healthy tissue is green, and where dead tissue is brown. Then the shoots and branches are shortened. The nature of the flowering of the bush depends on the degree of shortening: the lower the branches are cut, the more the bush will bush. With such a strong shortening, it is important to leave two or three clearly visible buds. We cover large sections with garden pitch, small ones - we do not close them up.
Rose varieties Charles Austin
In the spring, from mid-May, we feed the roses - we apply nitrogen fertilizers, which contribute to the growth of the plant. Also, roses are very fond of manure, which creates a slightly acidic soil reaction favorable for them. Manure can be infused in a barrel and, depending on the state of the plants, used to feed roses once every three weeks or once a month.
If necessary, you can also apply mineral fertilizers. I can say that roses have significantly enriched our garden with a variety of aromas, novelty of color and forms.
Nowadays there are countless varieties of roses on sale, almost everyone wants to have, however, I advise flower growers to carefully consider the choice of the variety: it is better, first of all, to pay attention not to a beautiful picture, but to qualities such as endurance and frost resistance, so that the variety can fully realize itself even in our difficult climatic conditions. And then, with minimal care, roses will take their rightful place in any family garden.