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Video: Gaillardia For Flower Beds, Flower Beds, And Rabatok
Solar Ballerina Gaillardia
The name Gaillardia comes from the surname of the French botanist Gaillard.
Modern varieties of Gaillardia are combined under the name Gaillardia large-flowered (grandiflora) or garden. This genus has about twenty species. Belongs to the Asteraceae family. The homeland of Gaillardia is the American prairie. Annual and perennial forms are widely developed.
The bushes of this plant are well developed, compact, 60-80 cm high. Flowers are large, 5-8 cm in diameter, of various colors - yellow, cream, golden, red, crimson and bicolor with a dark red or red-brown center. Flowers sit on long stalks. This Gaillardia blooms from June to frost. Stems are erect, slightly branched. The leaves are lanceolate or oval.
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Propagate it by seedlings or by sowing seeds directly into the ground. Seeds are sown in semi-warm greenhouses and nurseries in March - April.
Seedlings are transplanted into the ground after the end of spring frosts. Planting density in rows - 30-40 cm. Seeds are sown in the ground in April, so that the seedlings appear after stable frosts.
You can plant in late summer, four to six weeks before frost. The soil should be loose, permeable, not necessarily fertile. Gaillardia grows well on sandy soil with moderate dryness. The location is open and sunny.
Gaillardia is planted in flower beds, on flower beds, rabatkas and in independent groups in informal gardens, in containers.
Popular are compact varieties with double flowers, similar to bright pom-poms. Gaillardia is a valuable cutting plant. Tall plants often fall apart, so supports are used to grow them. To continue flowering, the seed heads must be removed.
This is an easy-growing plant with a vigorous, cheerful, very bright color scheme. In our climate, only one season is often grown. For normal development, she needs a long warm period. Therefore, grow it in seedlings. It blooms effectively and lastingly until late autumn.
Reed and tubular Gaillardia flowers are single-row, semi-double and double with a diameter of 5-8 cm on long elastic peduncles. Flowers are predominantly mahogany red, golden chestnut with yellow edges with reddish or blackish brown centers. The jagged petals, almost always yellow, provide their attractiveness.
The leaves of this type of Gaillardia are pubescent, broad-lobed, lanceolate or oval, light green, toothed, in part they are similar to the leaves of dandelions. They are finely rough, up to 15 cm long. Taproots, weakly branched. In spring, Gaillardia forms a rosette of elongated hairy leaves. In summer, high peduncles up to 120 cm high develop, flexible, strong, freely raised above the leaves. They end in large brightly colored inflorescences.
Gaillardia grows in hot and arid climates in full sunlight and on sparse sandy soil with good drainage. It also adapts to seaside locations.
Amazing flowers look great in compact flower beds, mixborders, arrays and containers. The bouquets are very elegant and keep fresh for a long time. They create a bright lively accent in a rocky garden. July is the height of this festive flower blooming.
One plant requires 15-20 square centimeters. Gaillardia attracts birds and butterflies. In winter, birds are attracted to its seeds.
Planting and leaving
It reproduces by sowing seeds in semi-warm beds in April.
Seedlings dive to a permanent place, planting in June - July with a distance of 30-45 cm in rows. Seedlings bloom in the second year. You can also sow seeds permanently in May. Seedlings are then discharged to 30-40 cm, while 2-3 plants are left in the nest. Self-seeding does not duplicate maternal qualities.
This gaillardia is used in flower beds, to create separate groups, along the hedge in informal gardens. It is effective in combinations with other colors, especially with hot colors and pastel options. Plant in containers or greenhouses in spring.
Division ensures the preservation and maintenance of the perennial. Gaillardia looks elegant only with regular division. The best time for this is the second half of the summer after the formation of replacement rosettes. It is also propagated by root and green cuttings. The feeding area of one plant is 40x40 cm. The division can be carried out in spring or early summer into sections with roots capable of giving a new plant, or in autumn, when Gaillardia retires. Cannot be divided when it is preparing to bloom or during flowering. It grows in one place for three to four years.
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Enemies and diseases
Leaf spot is noted, sometimes powdery mildew, aphids appear. Flowering heads die with prolonged moisture in rainy weather. The roots die in winter in heavy and damp soil, so mulching with any material is required for the winter.
The death of a plant begins from its center, although it still grows actively along the edges.
Gaillardia varieties and hybrids
Many garden hybrids are known in the culture. They are created as a result of hybridization of perennial spinous Gaillardia and beautiful annual.
In our northern regions, the Goblin variety is often found with a bright festive and cheerful color. At the inflorescences, the colored stripes are concentric. The center is dark red with yellow tips.
The plant forms lush bushes up to 30 cm high and does not require support. The leaves are green and grayish green. This ornamental plant looks beautiful in the garden from spring to September.
Most forms of Gaillardia have a golden yellow scale:
Golden Baby, Cole - yellow with red stripes.
Burgundy - with reed and tubular petals of wine-red and brown-yellow color, collected in baskets up to 10 cm in diameter. Height 50-60 cm.
Monarch mix - has various options for one-color and two-color forms with changing bright combinations of red and yellow. Height 70 - 80 cm.
Bremen. The flowers are ligulate wine-red with a yellow border, the tubular petals are black-brown. Height 50-60 cm.
Sonne. The reed petals are golden-yellow, collected in baskets up to 10 cm in diameter. Height 50 - 60 cm.
Fanfare. The most elegant flower. The flowers are tubular, red-brown with yellow edges of the petals. Plant height - up to 1.2 meters. The plant needs support.
The main condition for achieving decorativeness is the well-groomed plantings, the absence of weeds and dried plants. Regular watering in the evenings with sun-warmed water. It will provide fresh greens on a hot summer day. After each watering, it is advisable to loosen the soil and, if necessary, feed it. For best development and long-lasting flowering, remove dried seed heads.