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Video: Lawns, Flower Beds And Borders - Types Of Decorative And Floral Design
Types of decorative and floral design
In landscape design, various types of flower arrangements are common: lawns, flower beds, single plantings, rabatki, groups, borders, mixborders, massifs, green fences, vertical gardening, rocky hills. Each of these types of decoration has its own purpose and features when creating flower arrangements.
According to their purpose, they are subdivided into parterre, meadow, sports. This article will focus on lawns in garden plots. In landscaping, they are of great decorative and sanitary and hygienic importance.
Lawns are a good background for trees, shrubs, flower groups, retain dust, increase air humidity, lower the temperature of its surface layer, and create the most spectacular type of decorative landscaping.
Place lawns at the entrance to the site or in front of the house. Traditionally, it is a geometrically correct area, often rectangular, with well-trimmed grass.
Lawns are decorated with coniferous evergreen shrubs (thuja, juniper, cypress, mahonia), low, compact, flowering shrubs (henomeles, spirea, forsythia, hydrangea), roses, herbaceous perennials (irises, panicle phlox, iberis) and lobelia, alissum, etc.). Greenhouse flowers are also used for decoration - pelargonium, coleus, acherantus and others, taking them out into the open ground for the summer.
You should not get carried away with a huge number of cultures here. Large lawns are only appropriate for large areas. There they evoke a sense of peace and spaciousness. Small lawns in small areas completely lose this property. Better to give up the lawn altogether. Here, instead of him, it is better to plant a flower bed, groups of flowering perennials, equip a pond, and lay a winding path.
The design of each small garden requires an individual approach. Gardeners today are looking for new solutions. They boldly change the shape and size of lawns - from very small 1x1 m to oval a few meters. Such techniques are usually effective in small gardens, where they completely transform the appearance of the garden. Most often, small gardens and patios are designed according to the same scheme: in the center there is a lawn of any configuration, and around the perimeter there are borders or long flower beds.
Solitary plantings - tapeworms
They are planted on a lawn or in any other open area and must have especially spectacular decorative qualities that attract attention. They are also called dominant landings. Usually these are very tall specimens of plants that stand out against the backdrop of a lawn, hedge, house or pool. The pool mirror can reflect beautiful plants.
Single plantings can blend in with their surroundings or be used to contrast with their surroundings. When selecting plants for tapeworms, in addition to height, the color and shape of leaves, flowers, inflorescences, the duration of flowering, the general appearance and duration of their preservation of decorative qualities are taken into account. For single plantings, perennial peonies, astilbe, naprestyanka, lilies, solidago, stock-rose and most tall perennials are used. Thuja, yews and other conifers are excellent finds for specimen planting. Evergreen euonymus grown in upright form is very effective.
The most common type of flower arrangement. It is a ceremonial decoration of the garden, therefore it should correspond to the general style of the site and the environment. The flower bed can be flat or raised above the surrounding surface by 10-15 cm. This position allows you to view it from any side. The selection of an assortment of plants for any flower garden, including a flower bed, is extremely important. Plants are selected so that the end of flowering of one species or variety coincides with the beginning of flowering of another.
You should avoid time-consuming plants to care for, requiring systematic feeding, watering, weeding, and especially - digging and storing them for the winter. These include begonias, dahlias, hyacinths, gladioli, roses. You can limit yourself to Asian hybrids of lilies, large-crowned and tubular hybrids of daffodils, park and polyanthus roses. They do not require an annual excavation. For them, mulching and covering with spruce branches for the winter is enough.
It is better to use less labor-intensive plants that do not require daily maintenance. You can plant perennials that need division and transplanting every 2-3 years. Here, aquilegia, anemone, arabis, armeria, astilba, buzulnik, gaillardia, carnation, heuchera, gypsophila, delphinium, dicentra, swimsuit, lyatris, daylily, lupine, hellebore, large-flowered chamomile, primrose, rogersia, hosta and …
In flower gardens, unpretentious plants are also used, growing without transplanting in one place for many years. They are resistant to pests, diseases and extreme conditions. These are adonis, badan, brunner, loosestrife, helenium, highlander, gravilat, doronicum, goldenrod, lychnis, oriental poppy, mallow, monarda, foxglove, stonecrop, rudbeckia, etc. Unstable, whimsical and self-propagating plants should be avoided. It is also necessary to abandon such flowers that grow quickly and crowd out neighbors. These include lily of the valley, solidago, falaris and evening primrose.
From the very beginning of the establishment of any flower garden, the growth of plants should be foreseen. At this time, there may be vacancies. To cover the empty spaces in the flower garden, they use a generous assortment of annuals. Plant petunia, tagetis, asters, nasturtium, snapdragon and other low flowers. They are distinguished by stable flowering and maintain a magnificent view of the flower garden until the time of flowering or growth of perennials.
The peak of decorativeness of a flower bed, like other flower beds, is reached 3-4 years after planting. Empty spaces in them can be filled with potted crops brought here from warm rooms. The flowerbeds are located in the center of the site, around the fountain, against the background of the lawn and even behind the house in the utility zone. They are simple in shape: circle, oval, square, rectangle, triangle; and complex, irregular shapes. Plants can be placed in a flower bed with or without a pattern (monochromatic). You should avoid variegation, limiting yourself to the selection of a small number of species and varieties of flower crops.
It is recommended to plant no more than 2-3 types of flowers on a flower bed, which are well combined with each other in shape, height, color. In the center of her plants are planted freely, loosely, randomly, and at the edges - more densely, in a line. Beautiful flower beds of one type of plants, for example, from cannes, salvia, annual asters, marigolds. You can border them with 1-2 rows of lower plants (alyssum, lobelia, peretrum, low varieties of marigolds, dwarf irises, primroses and ground cover).
For flower beds, it is better to use annual and biennial flowers - compact, undersized. Below are the possible combinations of different flower crops when planting in flower beds:
- annuals - brilliant salvia in the center, border - alissum;
- annuals and biennials - in the center undersized asters (royal, dwarf), border - viola after flowering of lobelia and marigolds, to blue asters - yellow marigolds, to red asters - blue lobelia;
- annuals and perennials - in the center - dahlias, border - contrasting color petunia;
- perennials, biennials and annuals - in the center are early spring tulips with their replacement after flowering with brilliant salvia, the border is forget-me-nots or viola.
The tallest plants are placed in the center of the flower bed. Their size should not exceed half the width of the flower bed. Otherwise imbalance or heaviness is created. Evergreen crops are very effective in the center of the flower bed. Lower plants are located closer to the edge in the rank. Individual groups of plants should differ in terms of flowering time.
By repeating color groups and combinations within a flower bed, you can create a sense of rhythm. On the flowerbed, the rhythm of symmetry is also appropriate - the repetition of one side or part of the other.
The peculiarity of the flower bed is the obligatory creation of a clear border of low curb plants that contrast with the grass of the lawn.
The flower beds look spectacular when surrounded by a curb created after removing the sod so that weeds do not germinate there in the future. Gravel, crushed stone, decorative bricks, stone slabs, stones or river sand can be used as the material for the curb at the point of contact with the lawn. Stone or sand focuses attention on flowers and supports flower plantings. These curbs create a clear boundary between green lawn and flowers.
For large areas on the lawn, you can arrange two flower beds that are similar in shape and design, placing them symmetrically with respect to the entrance to the house or to the path.
A long flower bed in the form of a strip along paths, a wall of a house or a hedge, occupied by annual, biennial and perennial flowers. Its width can vary from 0.5 to 3 meters. The length of the discounts is arbitrary. It is recommended to interrupt very long ridges and plant higher plants in the intervals between them - junipers, thuja, mahonia, spirea. They can be interrupted by small square or round lawns, stones, which at the same time can serve as a path to go from one zone to another and provide an overview of the flower garden from both sides.
Rabatki are one- and two-sided. One-sided are located along buildings, hedges. Bilateral - against the background of the lawn. In a one-sided bed, tall plants are in the background, and low ones in the foreground. For example, phlox paniculata and hosts, Ayugs, etc. In a double-sided bed, tall plants are planted in the center, on both sides - lower ones. The ending follows
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