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Lawns, Flower Beds, Borders And Groups - Types Of Decorative And Floral Design - 2
Lawns, Flower Beds, Borders And Groups - Types Of Decorative And Floral Design - 2

Video: Lawns, Flower Beds, Borders And Groups - Types Of Decorative And Floral Design - 2

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Types of decorative and floral design

It is better to arrange narrow ridges with one type of plant. Floral stripes of roses, peonies, asters, host, bells, salvia, dahlia are also good. There are many combinations of different plants. The surface of the double-sided ridges is made slightly raised towards the center. The one-sided ones have a hill on the back.

The contours of the ridges located along the lawn are sometimes made arched or angular towards the lawn. To maintain shape, the edges of the ridges are reinforced with various fences - wooden, metal, plastic or others.

All the requirements and basic provisions discussed above for flower beds apply to discount beds.

Curbs are narrow bordering plantings of low or miniature ornamental plants

They can be single-row, double-row, or multi-row. The purpose of the border is to create an elegant edging, to emphasize the individuality of a flower garden - a lawn, a flower bed or a group of plants. It usually differs from the main tone of the flower garden in color, plant shape, strict lines, creates clear neat edges, which are trimmed after one to two years. Ground cover herbaceous plants - ayugas, low-growing marigolds, subulate phloxes, primroses, dwarf hosts, etc. are an excellent material for creating a border. For these purposes, low bushes are also used, capable of creating dense, solid, stable lines. Flowers in the border should have an extended flowering or leaf retention period. Borders are widely used in all types of flower decoration. Contrasting combinations are especially good. The selection of plants depends both on the experience of the gardener,and from practical possibilities.

The curb is the final touch that completes your lawn or flower garden. It should not rise above the surface of the lawn or flower beds by more than 5 cm. On lawns, it is made from soil, stone, brick, slate, boards. A curb made of red brick, buried in the ground on a "corner", is quite simple and economical.

The wooden border must be carefully treated with anti-decay agents. Near the outside of the curb on the lawn, you can plant creeping perennials. Short annuals are also suitable, as well as undersized garden crops. The decorative effect of the border largely depends on how well the place is chosen for this or that plant, whether the background suits it and what kind of neighbors it has. The grower should have plants with the same requirements for soil conditions. Decorative leaves will make it easier to compose. If the border is based on any shades and combinations, this will give it individuality and unique flavor.

Each plant should be in its place. In the background - the highest, in front of them - the lowest. Very low plants create a smooth transition to the horizontal plane of the lawn. The variety of colors makes it possible to choose them so that they bloom and decorate the border and the lawn bordering it from early spring to late autumn. Foreground plants gently and calmly sink into the masonry or lawn. Perennial bells, forget-me-nots, stachis, wormwood mounds, ornamental grasses and many more create a charming mixed curb, open to view and designed to decorate the lawn. It is usually not oversaturated with plants. It is good to plant low-growing plants in the foreground of the flower border, whose leaf texture and their color scheme (yellow, green, blue, variegated, striped) contrast brightly with the green lawn grass.Extreme plants can be planted in a continuous ribbon, but combinations of various low-growing plants are also pleasant.

Mixborder (mixed border)

This is a unique and very effective type of flower decoration, the creation of which requires a certain amount of knowledge and taste. Mixborders are very popular when decorating plots. This is a flower garden mainly of perennials, supplemented, if necessary, by summer plants, biennials and deciduous plants. Evergreens are especially effective in it. It is decorative from early spring to late autumn. Such plantings are also interesting in winter, when we have only dried flowers at our disposal. The mixborder is very dressed up so it needs a uniform background. It fits well into the side of the plot in the shade of a fence, hedge of shrubs and trees, next to a resting corner, in the center of the lawn. When choosing flower plants for a mixborder, you should follow the same rules and tips that are given above.

In the background of the composition, tall plants are placed in arbitrary groups, which serve as the background of the general composition: delphiniums, perennial asters, solidago, aconite, lilies, lychnis, helenium, etc. Plants in neighboring groups should differ in terms of flowering time. Then the middle plan is drawn up. Ornamental perennials less than 60 cm in height are planted on it together in several copies at a certain distance: irises, hosts, astilbe, phlox, chamomile, doronicum, Gaillardia, rudbeckia, oriental poppy, aquilegia, liatris, daylilies. These plants form the basis of the exhibition and act as accents. For the design of the foreground, undersized and creeping plants are used: arabis, carnations, low irises, saxifrage, aubrieta, primrose, sedum, stachis and others. For the same purpose, annuals are used: alyssum, lobelia, godetia, begonia, pelargonium, etc.Particularly interesting are the joint planting of spring-flowering bulbous plants, without which decorative gardening is impossible: white flower, hyacinth, iridodictium, kandyk, crocuses, muscari, scillas, galanthus, pushkinia, hazel grouses, tulips, chionodox, corydalis, endimions and others. They exist splendidly and create attractive compositions in the right season.

Most bulbous are ephemeroids. Therefore, they do not compete with perennials for airspace.

The effectiveness of mixborders is created by combining plants with contrasting colors of flowers and leaves. For example, red poppy and blue irises, yellow geleniums and purple asters, purple astilbe and gray-green hosts. There are many options. The expressiveness and decorativeness of mixborders is achieved by the inclusion in the combination of plants with gray, gray, bluish and dark leaves. The harmonious combination of colors is appropriate in small flower beds.

When choosing plants for a mixborder, it must be remembered that it is best to place plant species nearby that differ in the texture of the leaves. For example, iris and poppy, astilba and hostu, basilis and daylilies, swimsuit and lilies, gypsophila and rose, iris with xiphoid leaves and openwork dicentra.

Groups - a commonly used type of planting of perennial flower crops

During flowering, they create colorful spots. The size of the group, the height and the number of plants planted in it depends on the size of the lawn, the presence and location of shrubs and trees. To extend the flowering period and increase decorativeness, annuals and biennials are sometimes planted in groups. Groups of perennials planted in personal plots look especially good against the background of a green hedge of shrubs, often forming a single whole with them. The distance between plants in a group depends on their type and size, growth rate and ability to grow. Close planting tends to oppress each other and reduce the ability to bloom.

Tall plants with large leaves are planted in 1-3 specimens per 1 m2 (peony, delphinium); medium-sized plants - 5-10 specimens each (phlox, perennial lupine, perennial aster, daylilies, aquilegia); low plants - 20-25 specimens, and dwarf and bulbous - up to 50 specimens per 1 m2 (primrose, sod phlox, iberis, tulip, daffodil). This allows them to develop better and create a great decorative effect. Simple groups are usually created from one species or variety of plants, from two or three or more species, blooming at the same time or at different times. Any plants are suitable for simple groups. Groups of tall plants are planted away from the paths, they are clearly visible. Low plants or those with particularly beautiful flowers should preferably be planted closer to the path so that they are visible.Complex groups can consist of plants of the same species, but of different varieties (tulip, phlox, peony, iris) or from different species (lupine, rudbeckia, forget-me-not, peony, iris, tulip, paniculata phlox, perennial aster, etc.).

Interesting groups for the selection of plants and their colors:

  • spring: pink tulips with dark blue forget-me-nots, border - white daisies; red tulips, border - blue crocuses or white daffodils;
  • summer: blue delphinium mixed with white bells, border - pink lychnis;
  • autumn: montbrecia, border - coleus; canna with red and yellow flowers, border - silvery wormwood.

Groups of perennials, differing in shape and color, are good: irises bordered by primrose, red heucheras with snow-white bells, blue delphiniums with red phlox, yellow rudbeckia with purple asters. Beautiful single color groups are obtained from cannes. It is allowed to use several varieties of plants with separate spots of different colors. Planting light-flowering perennials in front of light-leaved tree groups and dark-flowering perennials in front of dark-leafed tree species enhances the characteristics of the group as a whole. In a group, both harmonious and contrasting in color combination of plants with simultaneous and non-simultaneous flowering is possible. Mixed groups are formed from two types of plants planted alternately and flowering at different times. In such plantings there are groups that bloom in early spring,while shrubs and tall perennials do not yet have leaves.

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