Table of contents:
Video: Why Vegetable Freaks Appear
How to improve the quality of garden-grown vegetables
The yield on the garden plot depends on many factors. An important place is occupied by soil cultivation, which creates a loose root layer and optimal conditions for physical and microbiological processes, weed removal, consistent fight against diseases and pests, and much, much more.
In general, the volume and quality of the harvest harvested in autumn depends on a whole range of components. And what is important, it is not only about volumes - often, when harvesting their own crops, some gardeners find that the vegetables turn out to be somehow ugly: twisted and shaggy and sometimes have a fantastic shape. Of course, the ugly form of vegetables does not always negatively affect the taste - it all depends on the reasons that caused the ugliness.
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As for the convenience of processing such vegetables, there are many problems - and it takes several times longer to peel them, and there is more waste. In general, if there are a lot of vegetable freaks, then, despite all their bizarre shape, vegetable growers are definitely not happy with this fact. Therefore, it is worth paying attention to the factors that determine the appearance of such vegetable individuals.
Causes of "deformities" in vegetables
Generally speaking, the main reasons for such phenomena include:
- solid soil that does not allow air to pass through and does not allow the roots to develop normally; more often this refers to heavy, floating clay soils, but dense soil can also be on soddy podzols;
- defeat by various fungal and viral diseases, which instantly affects the quality of the crop and can also lead to the formation of vegetable freaks;
- irregular watering (that is, alternating drought with abundant watering) in most cases leads to cracking of the fruit; surface watering is also extremely unfavorable, which does not provide soil impregnation in the area of the entire root system;
- strong thickening of plantings and their clogging with weeds often leads to the formation of small and, in some cases, curved root crops;
- temperature changes are often the cause of uneven growth of fruits and root crops; - inadequate nutrition and lack of some essential nutrients can also cause the appearance of ugly vegetables.
There are other reasons, but they are already individual and relate to certain vegetables.
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Potatoes are very picky about soil fertility. In terms of nutrient removal, only a few vegetable crops can compete with it, except cucumbers and cauliflower. Heavy, floating clay soils are not very suitable for it, in which small, ugly tubers are formed with a lack of air.
At the same time, in air-permeable fertile soils, the provision of tubers with air and moisture is significantly improved, and therefore there are practically no ugly tubers. But, alas, this is not the only reason for the appearance of freaks in the potato family. Frequent changes in temperature during the growing season of plants also lead to uneven growth of tubers, which acquire an ugly shape.
And there is another very significant factor - the defeat of potatoes by viral and fungal diseases. The presence of such diseases is evidenced by the twisting and wrinkling of the leaves, a change in their color from green to yellowish-green, lagging of plants in growth, the formation of a small number of small and ugly tubers. Therefore, it is by no means possible to use ugly tubers and tubers with signs of degeneration for seeds - there will be no harvest.
The first mistake is the use for planting of plants removed when thinning carrot ridges. The carrots pulled out during thinning take root quite well, but there is not much sense from this, since the crop obtained from such ridges can only be used for livestock feed. Root vegetables are small and so highly branched and ugly that it is completely impossible to clean them. Therefore, carrots, unlike beets, are not bred with seedlings.
In addition, stony soils are completely unsuitable for carrots - they also grow ugly and branched root crops. And although, at first glance, carrots are rather unpretentious and grow normally on such soils, one cannot expect a good harvest from them.
The thickness of the root layer is very important. If the fertile root layer is insignificant (less than 30 cm), then the root crops will not be large and even, because they will have to bend and branch out in order to fit into the existing thin layer of root soil.
Regular watering is of no small importance, and good watering with soaking of the entire root layer. But surface watering only worsens the matter and leads to the appearance of carrot freaks - ugly root crops of carrots are formed, in which not one long root, but several short roots departs from a very wide head. In addition, with a lack of watering, carrot roots become rough and tasteless, and with irregular but abundant watering, they crack.
Do not forget about the timely thinning and weeding of carrots, since with strong thickening (or clogging of the beds with weeds), small and ugly root crops are formed. Therefore, it is in no case to be late with thinning.
The main reason for the growing beets with a beard is the breakage of the main root when diving. And the more it broke off, the stronger the "beard" will grow. In this case, the beet root system turns from a pivotal system into a fibrous one.
Moreover, you can find out about this only when harvesting root crops, because with normal care, plants with a torn tap root take root well, and root crops are poured in a timely manner. Such a break occurs only when the beet seeds were planted in an ordinary garden bed.
It is different if you practice growing beets with seedlings previously grown in a greenhouse or greenhouse. In the case of a careful transplantation process, the taproot does not break off, which means that the beets will not have a beard. If this option does not suit you, then you will have to switch to single-sprout beets.
In addition, when planting seedlings, it is imperative to straighten the roots of the plants so that they do not bend - this also contributes to the formation of even and beautiful root crops.
Timely watering also plays a role - with irregular, but abundant watering, root crops crack.
Read the next part. That there were no vegetable freaks →