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That There Were No Vegetable Freaks. Part 2
That There Were No Vegetable Freaks. Part 2

Video: That There Were No Vegetable Freaks. Part 2

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Read To avoid vegetable freaks. Part 1

Cucumbers

Many gardeners have to see ugly cucumbers. Alas, there are many reasons for their ugliness. With the slightest shortage of potash and nitrogen fertilizers, cucumbers immediately let you know about this by the appearance of peculiar ugly fruits. The factor provoking a shortage of potassium in our conditions is cloudy, cold and rainy weather, when the need for potassium fertilizers in plants increases significantly.

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Therefore, since July, potash dressings have to be carried out once a week. As for the lack of nitrogen, then it all depends on the situation - at the slightest sign of a shortage of this element, you should also not linger with fertilizing.

In addition, when picking cucumbers, it is imperative to remove all ugly (regardless of size) and overgrown fruits, as they delay the formation of new healthy fruits.

There are other reasons for the appearance of cucumber freaks. First of all, these are long breaks in watering, because of which cucumbers shed flowers and ovaries and form many ugly, and sometimes bitter fruits. Therefore, you need to water the cucumbers about 1-2, or even 3 times a week.

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In addition, cucumbers are sensitive to bad weather, as well as sharp fluctuations in temperature, in particular, they are less pollinated. In a rainy and cold summer, due to insufficient fertilization of the ovaries, ugly fruits are not at all uncommon. Therefore, one cannot do without stimulants of growth and fruit formation, because we cannot cancel bad weather.

Ugly fruits appear in large numbers when plants are infected with viral mosaics, usually transmitted by aphids. In this case, the cucumber plants will look depressed, their internodes are usually shortened, and the whips and foliage gradually turn yellow and dry, the resulting fruits always have an ugly shape.

Tomatoes

vegetables
vegetables

Tomato ugliness is not common. As a rule, gardeners are confronted only with accrete fruits - mutant fruits, the appearance of which is in no way connected with the peculiarities of agricultural technology.

But there are other cases as well. Here I would like to draw attention to the formation of hollow fruits - fruits with internal voids that appear due to poor pollination. This happens for a variety of reasons - at high air temperatures (above 35 ° C), with temperature drops or at low air temperatures (below 12 ° C). Air humidity also affects. Pollen from tomatoes is heavy, and in the humid air of greenhouses it does not get enough sleep from the anthers of flowers. That is why it is necessary to lightly shake tomato plants several times a week in the morning for better pollination of flowers and fruit setting, and even better - to regularly use fruit formation stimulants. In addition, it is necessary to properly organize the ventilation system in greenhouses so that there is no overheating of the air.

Small underdeveloped fruits can form on tomatoes with a lack of moisture. In this case, as a rule, the leaves of the tomato become smaller and curled, and the fruits are formed small, ugly and are often affected by apical rot.

Turnip and radish

The appearance of crooked and ugly root crops in these crops is directly related to the disease of their keel, on the one hand, and on the other, with improper soil preparation. To protect plants from keels, you must strictly observe the change of crops and sow turnips with radishes only on soil that is neutral in acidity. At the same time, you should not save on ash - in this case, "You cannot spoil the porridge with butter" - the more ash there is, the tastier and smoother the root crops are. As for the soil, in no case should fresh manure be used in the preparation of the ridges, since neither turnips nor radishes can tolerate it, and in this case they do not form normal root crops. The best option is to use fully prepared compost.

Changes in water supply can also adversely affect root crops, which usually crack in this case, but lack of water leads to the formation of hard and completely inedible root crops.

Horseradish

vegetables
vegetables

Although horseradish grows for everyone without problems, moreover, getting rid of it is quite difficult - getting really high-quality root crops is not easy.

On heavy clay soil, the roots of horseradish strongly branch and coarse, grow thin, dense and with great bitterness, and with a lack of moisture, the roots become woody.

But the most important thing is the peculiarities of horseradish planting and some of the subtleties of its agricultural technology, without which even and beautiful roots cannot be seen (the roots will be with numerous branches and will cause a lot of trouble when washing and cleaning).

In general, two agrotechnical moments should be distinguished that affect the shape and branching of the roots.

First, in the fall, before planting, each root should be wiped with a woolen rag or burlap to remove the primordia of lateral roots and buds. The exception is the ends, which are left uncleaned by 2-3 cm. This prevents unnecessary branching of the roots during growth. After that, the roots are planted.

Secondly, this is the so-called "horseradish blinding". It is after "blinding" that straight, dense and large tap roots are obtained. This operation is carried out in the summer. When horseradish petioles grow and develop several leaves, carefully shovel the soil off them (this is easy to do if horseradish is planted on a high ridge), the lateral processes found are cut off with a knife, and thin roots are removed using burlap. This is done so that many small roots do not form, but mainly one large one is formed. The roots are again laid obliquely and sprinkled with soil, and then watered abundantly. If this technique is repeated 2-3 times during the growing season, you can get good, large, smooth roots by autumn. But remember that only small roots in the upper part of an obliquely planted rhizome are exposed to "blinding",and long roots at the end of the rhizomes serve for plant nutrition and subsequently for seedlings. They are not touched in any way.

And there is another factor affecting the quality of the resulting rhizomes - the age of the horseradish. Horseradish is usually cultivated for no more than 2-3 years, otherwise the root crop becomes woody, branched, multi-headed and ugly in shape. The middle of old roots often rot. Therefore, you should not leave the rhizomes not dug for more than 2-3 years.

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