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Video: What Crops Are Suitable For Winter Sowing
Read part 1. ← Winter sowing: timing, advantages and disadvantages
What and how you can sow in the fall. Part 2
Usually it was previously recommended to plant onions from small sets before winter. I won't say that my results were very good - a lot of the bow went to the arrow. And the reason is that, in fact, there were no varieties that were completely resistant to this scourge.
True, agronomists recommended varieties for winter sowing: Bessonovsky local, Danilovsky 301, Kaba, Strigunovsky, One-year-old Khavsky 74 and Myachkovsky. At the same time, the varieties Strigunovsky, Myachkovsky and Danilovsky are sown only with small sevka (up to 1 cm in diameter), and the rest - with chernushka. Now, hybrids specially designed for this purpose have appeared on store shelves: Arctic, Sunshile, Swift, Radar, etc., planted by sevk.
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Onions are planted before winter in an elevated, well-lit place, in high beds, so that it does not rot. Planting scheme - in rows at a distance of 8 cm. Between the bulbs in a row - 5 cm. Planting depth is 3-5 cm. To prevent onion freezing, the beds are sprinkled with a layer of compost, humus, peat or sawdust 8-10 cm high and left until spring. In the spring, in the second half of March - early April, the plantings are covered with a film, pre-watered with warm water (if possible) to quickly heat the soil. The thawed mulch is shaken off and the first harvest is waited.
Spinach is sown starting in September and at a later date. It grows well on any soil rich in humus. The shoots that appeared before the snow are insulated for the winter with brushwood and spruce branches.
Mulch from branches protects from frost, and thaws, and from sunburn in March, and from premature melting of snow crust. In early spring, plantings of spinach are loosened and fed and, for more active development, covered with covering material.
New Zealand spinach
In addition to the usual garden spinach, there is New Zealand spinach, which grows well in partial shade and on fertilized sandy soils. Its seeds have a tough, thorny shell and are difficult to germinate, especially when sown in spring. When sown before winter, seedlings appear more friendly and usually grow into a bush. In each bush, as a rule, one shoot is left, the rest are plucked out. New Zealand spinach grows at first slowly, but then rather violently, occupying a large area with its highly branching and creeping shoots. Therefore, it is rarely planted - about four plants per square meter and in small quantities, since its leaves need systematic cutting, without which they quickly become rough and turn yellow.
The field salad, which is rightly called winter salad, is perfectly adapted for autumn sowing. It is sown into grooves 10 cm deep and wide. Plants are placed in them at a distance of 15-20 cm and covered with decayed manure. In anticipation of severe weather, they are covered tightly with fir branches, and from above with foliage. In April, plantings must be opened so that they do not suffocate or get wet.
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Almost all root crops are not suitable for winter sowing. The exceptions are carrots and beets, especially specially created for this variety. For carrots, these are Moscow winter A-515, Nantes 4, Nantes 14, Incomparable, and for beets - Podzimnyaya A-474. Some gardeners sow in cold weather and radishes, for example, Rose red with a white tip. Autumn sowing of parsley, chard, celery and parsnips to obtain greens is most often replaced by preserving the roots of already growing plants. On the eve of stable cold weather, their tops are cut off, and root crops are sprinkled and sprinkled with peat or wood chips. In the spring, as soon as the earth opens, the roots that have risen up deepen, squeeze tightly and cover with a film.
Spicy and green plants
Many gardeners have probably noticed that homemade dill is stronger and better than groomed dill in rows. So why not sow it before winter - it will rise in the spring and will develop perfectly (you can just walk through the prepared beds and scatter it everywhere).
It grows well under winter crops and is still a rare, but very attractive plant - vegetable purslane. Sown in the fall, it begins to appear in the garden at the end of May - June, delighting with its juicy, leathery leaves and reddish stems. Purslane seeds are very small, so it is advisable to close them shallow. Most often they are simply pressed to the ground and lightly sprinkled with fine sand. After thinning, 20-25 cm and even more are left between the plants - then the leaves and shoots will grow freely. Weeding, watering and loosening the vegetable purslane are especially important in the first period of growth. The crop is harvested selectively by cutting off the stalks with leathery leaves or pulling out fully formed plants. They are used in food raw, boiled, stewed, baked or pickled. Fresh leaves taste slightly astringent and sour.
Not spoiled by the attention of gardeners and garden quinoa, although this is a wonderful salad plant. In addition, this culture is surprisingly clean, firmly rejecting all atmospheric pollution. Rinse the quinoa twig in a bowl of clean water, and you will see that the water remains clear. True, its seeds quickly lose their germination, so it is recommended to sow them as thickly as possible. When the seedlings begin to grow, the weakest and most unattractive specimens are removed. This plant needs systematic watering, during drought it quickly goes to the arrow, and the leaves become coarse. To make the quinoa bush better, once a week they break off its tops.
Cucumber grass (borage) requires approximately the same care. Its seeds are sown to a depth of 1.5-2 cm, leaving 25-30 cm between rows. In compacted crops, the grass grows more tender. This plant is decorative, it is a melliferous plant, young leaves smell like cucumber and contain carotene, so cucumber herb is of particular interest at the beginning of the season.
Exotic savory is also very often sown before winter to a depth of 1 cm. It does not require any care, but it is extremely light-requiring.
Before winter, you can sow apple, plum, cherry seeds if you need seedlings for grafting. In podzimny sowing, natural stratification occurs, and the seeds sprout together, which is much better than stratification of the seeds of these crops in a refrigerator or under snow.
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