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Video: How To Place Primroses - Snowdrops In The Garden
The first flowers of spring will decorate any garden
Muscari (viper bow, mouse hyacinth). They bloom at the end of April, the last among early spring ones, passing the baton to hyacinths, daffodils, tulips.
In decorative plantings, three types of muscari are most often used:
- Armenian - with light blue flowers bordered with white teeth and collected in oval inflorescences on a peduncle up to 20 cm high.
- Brush-shaped - a compact plant up to 20 cm high with dark blue goblet-shaped flowers collected in multi-flowered inflorescences.
- Grove-shaped - 20 cm high. Narrow-cylindrical inflorescences with many smoky blue flowers.
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All types of muscari reproduce quite quickly vegetatively and by seeds (with the exception of Armenian muscari and terry forms). They look very colorful in group plantings. In this case, the bulbs are planted tightly, at a distance of 4-5 cm from each other.
Muscari go well with daffodils and early yellow tulips. They should not be planted next to hyacinths, since they are similar in height and general appearance. Among the dark blue muscari islets of white flowers look beautiful.
The most decorative, thanks to its large double ears and long flowering, is the Blue Spike variety. The varieties differing in an unusual shade have become widely known: Dark Ice (dark eyes), Sky Blue (Azure), White Beauty (White beauty). Thus, the messengers of the coming spring are usually small and modest. Unfortunately, they bloom for a relatively short time, but surprisingly touching. They mainly belong to early spring small-bulbous plants.
The culture of early flowering small-bulbous plants has a lot in common. All of them prefer non-acidic air and permeable soils, rich in humus. They respond positively to spring feeding, the introduction of significant doses of leaf humus, grass compost and ash. As with other bulbous plants, fresh manure is unacceptable for them. They are unpretentious. Divorce is quite simple - they form a baby. Scylla, Pushkinia and Grouse give abundant self-seeding, due to which whole curtains are formed over time.
Sowing seeds is the fastest way to propagate these plants. Seedlings usually bloom in the third year. Collecting bolls should start when they are lighter, otherwise the seeds can be lost.
They should be sown immediately after collection or in the fall of the same year: the next year, germination drops sharply. These plants respond gratefully to watering and feeding. The optimal doses of organic fertilizer, applied before planting, and the annual complete mineral fertilization in the spring in the snow, guarantees good development of plants and their reproduction.
They have a common agricultural technique. Planting depth and distance between bulbs vary within small limits, depending on plant size. A miniature double-leaved and chionodox Lucilla, a snow-white snowdrop, has a depth of about 6 cm and a distance of 4-5 cm. The larger ones are white flowers - 7-10 cm.
The timing of flowering depends on climatic conditions, the timing of the onset of spring. All these plants do without transplanting and dividing for about 5 years. If it is necessary to accelerate vegetative reproduction, after two or three years the nest is planted, carefully preserving the roots, preferably with a lump of earth, and when the leaves turn yellow. In dense curtains, they are more decorative. Dug out small bulbs of snowdrops, chionodoxes, double-leaved woodland and other species are stored in the sand to avoid drying out.
They take root from two (crocuses) to three months (snowdrops, white flowers) and only in warm soil. Therefore, it is impossible to delay the transplant. During transplants, the clogging of the former area with small bulbs is inevitable. Therefore, in places where small-bulbous plants grew, such plants should not be planted so as not to create mixed plantings.
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All of the above plants are ephemeroids. By the middle of summer, the above-ground part dies off completely, and the underground part goes into a state of rest. Flower gardens where small-bulbous snowdrops Galanthus, Chionodox, Scylla, Muscari are planted are decorative only when the plants are densely packed and there are a lot of them. In this case, they create a bright spot.
However, after their flowering, it is almost impossible, without damaging the bulbs, to plant replacing flowers in their place, for example, letniki. In summer, the place of small-bulbous becomes unattractive. How to get out of the situation? Plant them among late-flowering plants with tall stems and large leaves, which, expanding, will cover empty spaces after small-bulb flowering.
To do this, you can use spreading annuals - petunia, alissum, verbena, nasturtium. Small-bulbous under the crown of any shrubs and trees are appropriate. In this case, the trunks should be watered more abundantly, since these plants cannot tolerate dry soil.
Snowdrops are always appropriate in rockeries. Small-bulbous with lilies of the valley are successfully combined. Their large leaves cover the ground until autumn. For irregular plantings of free outlines, varieties with bright flowers are most suitable. In small gardens, large groups are out of place. But the narrow bed of the path will decorate the garden.
Small-bulbous ones are not suitable for ceremonial flower beds. The separate curtains in various parts of the garden are adorable. They should be visible when first viewed in the spring. Planting them under evergreens that create dense shade should be avoided.
Although most small-bulbous are shade-tolerant, they prefer partial shade or wandering shade. Planted under the crown of trees, they thrive and blossom until foliage appears on the tree. And when the trees are covered with foliage and create shade, the bulbous ones will have safely completed their short growing season by this time.
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