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Application Of Organic, Microbiological And Green Fertilizers In The Garden And Vegetable Garden
Application Of Organic, Microbiological And Green Fertilizers In The Garden And Vegetable Garden

Video: Application Of Organic, Microbiological And Green Fertilizers In The Garden And Vegetable Garden

Video: Application Of Organic, Microbiological And Green Fertilizers In The Garden And Vegetable Garden
Video: NPK Fertilizer for Plant Application in Gardening? How Much and How to Use | English 2023, December

… And fertility has grown


Having repeatedly observed a sharp depletion of the land after heavy rains, manifested in the form of general and interveinal chlorosis, as a certified agronomist, I came to the conclusion that in light and light loamy soils that occupy most of the territory of our garden, there is a lack of bound forms of magnesium and nitrogen …

In a garden, the potential fertility of soils (exchangeable and organically bound forms of nutrients) can be increased by systematic composting, green manure cultivation (cultivation of green fertilizers for subsequent incorporation into the ground: white mustard or oil radish) and application of long-acting ABA fertilizer.

This approach to agriculture forms the basis of the organic farming system, which involves the restoration and improvement of soil fertility by making composts, soil mulching. In this case, feeding of vegetative plants is carried out with infusions of various organics, including herbs.

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Basic principles of organic farming:

1) the use of slow-acting fertilizers that do not cause a significant increase in the concentration of soil solution, for example, rotted compost, poorly soluble types of mineral fertilizers - phosphoric flour, AVA, that is, they do not cause chemical burns of the roots and do not suppress beneficial microorganisms;

2) the use of herbal infusions with an insecticidal or fungicidal effect for plant protection.

In recent years, a modern direction of organic farming has emerged - EM-technology, which implies the use of so-called "effective microorganisms" (as defined by the Japanese prof. Teruo Higa, the developer of the world's first EM-preparation "Kyussey EM-1". The Russian analogue of "Kyussey" is called "Baikal EM-1".

EM-technology provides for the introduction of EM-compost - compost made from familiar materials, but spilled with a solution of fertilizer "Baikal EM-1", which includes a set of microorganisms that accelerate the maturation of compost and increase its fertilizing value, as well as feeding vegetative plants with EM-solution (1 tbsp. spoon "Baikal" on a bucket of water) or EM-extract (infusion of weeds, fermented with EM). × Notice board Kittens for sale Puppies for sale Horses for sale

I'll tell you about my experiences and observations.

The most effective fertilizer in EM technologies - EM compost has shown itself very well here. Our family was convinced of the higher efficiency of EM compost compared to ordinary compost after using it on cabbage and garden strawberries. For example, I applied only 2/3 of the recommended dose for cabbage, and the heads of cabbage were no less than those of gardeners applying ordinary compost or manure, and much larger than on plants for which only mineral fertilizers were applied. For example, the largest heads of cabbage reached 24 cm in diameter and weighed about 10 kg.

I tried to grow strawberries using EM technology. In the fall of the year before last, when laying the beds, I dug a trench in the middle of it, a shovel deep in the bayonet, filled it with EM compost and covered it with earth removed from the trench. After that, as usual, he made holes, poured a handful of ash into each and planted a mustache. For comparison, I planted a mustache of two varieties: Ruby pendant and Carmen. Last summer, during the period of the end of flowering, the beginning of the formation of green berries, and during ripening, he watered the plantings with a solution of "Baikal" (1 tablespoon per bucket of water). As a result, the yield from annual bushes was no lower than that of two- and three-year-old bushes in other beds, and in addition, by the end of summer, very powerful whiskers grew on this bed, in which the size of leaves and the length of the root system were no less than that of adult plants.

I'll tell you about other cultures as well.

Tomatoes responded well to feeding with the "Baikal" solution. For example, the seedlings underdeveloped by the time of planting in the greenhouse after feeding almost caught up in height with plants from good seedlings. In addition, in the beds poured with the "Baikal" solution, the tomatoes bloomed earlier, and the fruits ripened earlier.

I have also noticed the stimulating and rejuvenating effect of Baikal fertilizer on plants on apple and red currant. A young apple tree seedling with a badly damaged root system, after several waterings with this fertilizer, began to grow and develop well. A cut of red currant variety Krasnaya Andreichenko with a small number of roots after feeding with the EM solution began to grow rapidly, in addition, the bark was noticeably rejuvenated - it became green.

Another application of "Baikal" is the suppression of diseases and repelling pests. More effective for these purposes is the drug EM-5, which is made independently from "Baikal EM-1". As observations have shown, spraying with EM-5 solution in our garden (2 tablespoons per bucket) reduced scab infestation of apple trees, and perforated spots on plums; last year it came in handy against cruciferous flea beetles on cabbage (this year there were almost none). I read the recipe for EM-5 in the book by G. Selector "A Gardener's Dream Come True". To prepare it, you need: "Baikal EM-1" - 100 ml, vinegar 9% - 100 ml, vodka - 100 ml, honey or jam - 100 ml. This mixture is diluted with water to a volume of 1 liter and poured into a 1 liter jar or bottle with a capacity of 1 liter, closed with a lid and placed in a dark place,A warm place with a temperature of about 30 ° C for 3-4 days for fermentation.

In conclusion, I will say that for high soil fertility, humus and a sufficient amount of fresh organic matter are needed to maintain soil microorganisms and earthworms.