Table of contents:
- Read the previous part of the article: Eating in your garden
- Cypress trees
- Types and varieties of cypress
Video: Cypress Trees In Your Garden
2023 Author: Sebastian Paterson | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 20:34
Read the previous part of the article: Eating in your garden
Evergreens and evergreen shrubs adorn the garden even in winter, as they remain attractive throughout the year. The next plant that is actively used in garden design is the cypress.
Among cypress trees there are dwarfs suitable for rock garden, compact bushes for a mixed fence and tall trees for single planting. In cypress and cypress, oppositely located tiny scaly leaves covering the shoots, but in cypress, the lateral branches extending from the main shoot are located in the same plane, while in cypress they grow in all directions. Plants also differ in the size of the cones: for a cypress, the diameter of the cones is about 1.5 cm, and for a cypress - 2.5 cm. In addition, the cypress is more cold-resistant and tolerates transplantation better, but do not think that it can grow anywhere. Cypress does not like poorly drained soil and open places, some varieties can die in such conditions.
Cypress trees are light-loving, but shade-tolerant plants. Even when grown in the shade, they completely retain their decorative effect. In northern gardens, it is undesirable to plant cypress trees in open sunny places - in the shade they winter better and do not get burns in the spring sun. However, it is impractical to grow varietal forms with golden needles in a thick shade, since they lose their typical color.
The frost resistance of the species is different. Most of them are unable to withstand the long harsh winter. For the winter, it is advisable to insulate cypress trees. The best shelter for medium-sized specimens is a light strapping with coniferous spruce branches, for dwarf ones - a hut made of branches. For an even spring awakening, abundant watering and spraying is recommended. Watering is especially important after frosty winters that freeze the soil.
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Types and varieties of cypress
Among the cypress trees, the most popular Lawson's cypress, the Elwoodii variety, can be planted on rock gardens and in curbs. It is a slow-growing plant, reaching a height of 1.5 meters by the age of ten and not exceeding 4.5 meters in mature age. Its gray-green needles in winter turn silvery-blue, but there are several mutants with a different color. These include Elwood's Gold, a slow-growing plant with golden green twigs at the ends, and Elwood's White with green and white needles.
The Fletcheri cultivar resembles Elwoodii in its crown shape, but it grows faster and is more suitable for living fences than for rock gardens. The Allumii cultivar has a tapered crown - this blue-gray cypress cultivar is often used for solo lawn planting or for live fence. Also, Lawson's cypress has three popular medium-sized golden varieties: Lane, Lutea, Stewartii.
Dwarf varieties grow up to 30 cm in ten years and do not exceed one meter in adulthood. Look for the varieties Minima Aurea (yellow needles), Minima Glauca (green needles), and Pygmaea Argentea (bluish green needles with silver tips). In ten years, they grow up to 30 cm and in adulthood do not exceed one meter.
The Nutkan cypress variety Pendula is one of the most weeping among tall conifers. If, after planting, the main shoot is directed upward, then in ten years it will grow to 2.5 meters. Many varieties are bred on the basis of blunt cypress, the most popular variety is Nana Gracilis - its branches resembling shells fan out from the middle of the bush. Of the pea cypress varieties (also called pea cypress), the most popular is the slow-growing Boulevard variety, reaching three meters in height - it has a neat conical crown and silvery-blue twigs.
And now let's take a closer look at the types of cypress.
Lawson's cypress Allumi grade
Form with a pyramidal crown, vigorous, at the age of ten it reaches a height of over 3 meters. In young plants, shoots grow vertically. Scaly needles, gray-blue. Requirements for soil and moisture are low. Recommended for large gardens and parks. Can be planted as a live fence.
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Pea cypress cultivar Boullevard
Height 3-5 m, crown diameter 1.5-2 m. Annual growth 10-12 cm in height, 7-10 cm in width. Durability - more than 300 years. The bark is reddish brown. The crown is thick. Soft needle needles, 0.5-0.6 cm long, silvery-blue, greenish-blue in winter. Dark brown globular cones up to 0.6 cm in diameter. Prefers light fertile soils, does not tolerate drought. It is used both in a regular fit and in groups.
Lawson's cypress grade Columnaris Clauca
Plant height 4 meters, columnar crown, greenish-gray. It is advisable to cover for the winter. It is an ornamental variety.
Lawson's cypress grade Dzintra
Height 2.5 meters, pyramidal crown, yellow. Medium hardy plant.
Cypress pea variety Filifera Nana
Plant height 3-5 m, crown diameter 4-5 m. Annual growth 10-12 cm in height, 10-14 cm in width. Longevity - more than 300 years. The bark is reddish brown.
The crown is dense, the needles are scaly yellowish-green. Dark brown globular cones up to 0.6 cm in diameter. Prefers light fertile soils, does not tolerate drought.
It is used both in a regular fit and in groups.
Cypress pea cultivar Plumosa Aurea
Its height is 8-10 m, crown diameter is 3-5 m. Annual growth is 15-20 cm in height and 10-15 cm in width. Durability is more than 300 years. The bark is reddish brown. The crown is thick. Scaly needles, golden-yellow, bright golden in winter. Dark brown globular cones up to 0.6 cm in diameter.
Prefers light fertile soils, does not tolerate drought. It is used both in a regular fit and in groups.
Lawson's cypress Minima Glauca grade
Dwarf plant. Its crown is rounded at a young age, later - more conical, up to 1 m in height. Branches are straight and spaced. Branches growing upright or spaced apart. The needles are short, dull, gray-blue with a white pattern when ripe, the base of the needles with a waxy coating. This cypress was introduced into culture in 1891. It is rare in Europe. Propagated by cuttings (74%). Recommended for planting in groups or singly on rocky areas, in containers for landscaping roofs
Read the next part of the article: Junipers in your garden
Evergreens in your garden:
• Part 1. Evergreens in your garden
• Part 2. Arranging evergreens in your garden
• Part 3. Growing evergreens in your garden
• Part 4. Eating in your garden
• Part 5. Cypress in your garden
• Part 6 Junipers in your garden
• Part 7. Rhododendron, azalea and boxwood in your garden
• Part 8. Pines and yews in your garden
• Part 9. Thuja in your garden
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