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Cultivation Of Siberian Wild Garlic
Cultivation Of Siberian Wild Garlic

Video: Cultivation Of Siberian Wild Garlic

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Video: Starting off Wild Garlic (ramsons) from seed! Woodland food production? 2023, February

Siberian wild garlic or victory onion (Allium victorialis) - a storehouse of vitamins and health

growing wild garlic
growing wild garlic

The world of green perennial onions is diverse. What you can not meet! And with fist-like leaves, (batun, chives-onion, Altai), and with belt-shaped (slime-like), and grooved (leek, fragrant, oblique, etc.). But only two types of onions have leaves that are wide, like those of a lily of the valley.

In everyday life, they are called the same - wild garlic, although these are different species, each with its own range. One - according to the botanical classification, bear onion (Allium ursinum) - in Russia is found in the Ciscaucasia and in the south-west of the European part of the country, the other - victory onion (Allium victorialis) - in Western and Eastern Siberia, as well as in the Far East. In Western Siberia, it is also called a flask. The victorious onion is noticeably larger than the bear's: it has three leaves (the bear's has two), up to 20 cm long, up to 8 cm wide, the stem height up to 70 cm (in the bear's - up to 40 cm). It grows back earlier (from under the snow!), Grows longer - until August, while in the bear's aerial part dies off in early July.

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Siberian wild garlic is more unpretentious. Grows in neutral and slightly acidic soils. For bear onions, the soil must be limed. Finally, onions from Siberia are much more frost-resistant than their European counterparts, which is also important.

growing wild garlic
growing wild garlic

Whoever once held in his hands a juicy, tight stalk of wild garlic, squeaking in his fingers, who inhaled the refreshing scent of taiga, who once tasted a pungent, incomparable taste that makes one shed a tear, he will certainly want to experience these sensations again and again … This is easy to do if you grow wild garlic in your garden.

Indeed, wild garlic is not a boletus mushroom, and it perfectly takes root in culture. The agricultural technology of Siberian wild garlic is simple: the bulbs hibernate in the soil, it is not necessary to cover for the winter, they are transplanted every 5-6 years. Planting is best placed in the shade of trees. This does not mean that wild garlic does not like the sun. The fact is that the period of active vegetation ends with the leafing of trees, and the plants have time to get their share of life-giving rays. But during the dormant period, the bulbs will be protected by a shade from overheating and drying out.

The soil should be loose and well fertilized, since the wild garlic will grow in one place for several years. The cultivated soil layer should be 40 cm thick - the bulk of the roots penetrates to this depth. Victory onions are propagated mainly vegetatively - by dividing perennial bushes. The bulbs are transplanted during the dormant period - from mid-July to September - so that they take root in a new place before frost. The distance between the plants in a row is 20 cm, between the rows - 40 cm. The bulbs are planted shallowly so that the mesh covering the bulb remains half-covered with earth.

Ramson is demanding on moisture, but only during the active growing season (until mid-June) - at this time it must be watered. The feeding regime is usual for perennial onions: in the early spring, give nitrogen-mineral to intensify the regrowth of leaves, after flowering - mineral - to grow new roots, lay daughter bulbs and increase winter hardiness. Ramson can also be propagated by seeds. They are sown freshly harvested before winter. Seedlings appear in spring. Plants develop slowly from seeds - they bloom for 4-5 years.

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growing wild garlic
growing wild garlic

Leaves and petioles are used as food for the victory onion before flowering, while they are juicy. From plants, either take two upper leaves, leaving the lower one to complete the biological cycle, or cutting off the largest specimens entirely - their bulbs have enough nutrients for the plants to overwinter and develop normally next year.

Ramson is a real treasure of health. It contains 15 times more vitamin C than lemon. Its leaves and cuttings contain more trace elements than other green onions, they contain a lot of carotene, essential oils, phytoncides, saponins, carbohydrates, citric and other organic acids, alkaloids, flavonoids and other useful substances.

It is not surprising that wild garlic is widely used in folk medicine for atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, thyroid diseases, chronic gastritis, bronchitis, in medical nutrition in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, as the earliest multivitamin, antiscorbutic, general tonic, antimicrobial and antihelminthic agent, stimulating sex drive, which improves intestinal motility.

growing wild garlic
growing wild garlic

Ramson is used fresh in salads, okroshka, hot spices for meat dishes instead of garlic, pies are stuffed with egg and rice, added to minced dumplings, fried with egg. Ramson is prepared for future use.

Recently, when the freezer in the family ceased to be a rarity, they began to freeze it for the winter in plastic bags. In Siberia, wild garlic is traditionally fermented like cabbage. The disadvantage of this method is the formation of an unpleasant odor. Now the following recipe for canning wild garlic is popular: peeled and washed stems with leaves are blanched for 2 minutes in boiling water, laid out in clean glass jars, poured with hot brine (2 tablespoons per 1 liter of water), spices are added to taste (bay leaf, peppercorns, cumin seeds, horseradish, etc.), 1 tbsp. a spoonful of vinegar essence and 2 tbsp. tablespoons of vegetable oil, brought to a boil, rolled up with sterile lids and wrapped in a fur coat until completely cooled, stored in a cellar.

For everyone who wants to grow this rare miraculous plant on their site, I will willingly send seeds and bulbs of Siberian wild garlic and other onions (Anzur, fragrant, oblique, Siberian rezun). They, as well as bulbs and seeds of more than 200 other rare plants, can be ordered from the catalog. Send a marked envelope with your address - in a week you will receive a catalog in it for free. The catalog can also be obtained by e-mail - send a request to E-mail: [email protected]

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