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Video: Pepper Varieties And Requirements For Them
The colorful world of peppers
Hundreds of varieties of peppers of various sizes, shapes and colors of fruits delight us with their fresh harvest and in harvests all year round.
Growing peppers is not only troublesome, but also exciting. As a rule, many months of work is justified: from July to November, fresh, vitamin peppers are constantly on the table in our family, and then until the next harvest we also store them in jars, frozen or dried and use them for food.
Over the years, we have tested more than 300 varieties and hybrids of this unique vegetable on our sites. There were both good luck and disappointment. After all, any variety of pepper that did not show its qualities this year can show them next season, it all depends on the year, weather conditions, etc. This takes a long time, which is usually not enough. Every year 2-3 dozen new varieties are added to our collection. At the same time, peppers that have not shown their merits in previous years are excluded from it.
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What are the main requirements for a new variety? First of all, it must be resistant to the most harmful diseases. Of course, agrotechnical methods can weaken the disease, but all other things being equal, some varieties can get so sick that you can only remove a dozen healthy fruits from a dozen of their bushes. Other varieties turn out to be immune to disease or are slightly affected. We leave them.
The second requirement is taste. Peppers should be thick-walled, fleshy, sweet, with a rough skin. You can make lecho from them, they can be stuffed, used in winter and summer salads, canned whole. We plant several varieties of large-fruited and, surprisingly to ourselves and our friends, we remove fruits weighing 500-800 grams! Among the large-fruited varieties for all the years of cultivation, the best were: Lablano, Russian size, Chelbass giant, Giminni, Hercules, Hercules, Giant Ivkina, Asian Giant red and yellow, Alien, Japanese Giant, Yarilo red and yellow, Sands of Dakar, Grandee red and yellow, Volgograd giant.
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The third prerequisite is that pepper varieties must be productive, otherwise the game is not worth the candle.
The shape of the fruits of the peppers is different - from round-flat to elongated-cylindrical. Elongated peppers are convenient for canning - they fit tightly into jars. Desirable color is red, orange or brown - these are the sweetest peppers. Orange and yellow-fruited varieties are considered dietary. For people who love peppers, but suffer from allergies, varieties with red fruits are preferable. In terms of calorie content, yellow peppers are inferior to red ones, but they have more carotene, in addition, they add variety to the color scheme of salads and preparations, and, as a rule, children love them very much.
We also grow 2-3 dozen low-growing varieties, although the main crop is still produced by medium-sized and tall varieties. They are more productive than undersized ones, in which the growth of shoots is limited and usually stops after the formation of three to five tiers of inflorescences. Therefore, the yield of low-growing varieties is much lower than that of tall ones.
The difference is especially great in favorable years, when tall varieties bloom in August-September, and in October the last wave of fruits ripens. In addition, in peppers, the early maturity and quality of the fruit often come into conflict. We win in early maturity - we lose in quality. No one will argue that Sweet Napoleon is tastier than the Gift of Moldova.
But even undersized peppers have their own advantages. Firstly, they are very convenient for "Sunday" gardeners who cannot visit the site during the week. Low-growing varieties do not overgrow with stepchildren, they are more drought-resistant, since they have a powerful taproot, they are less prone to fattening, that is, you have to cut off excess leaves and shoots less often.
Of the low-growing varieties of pepper, on our site they showed themselves well: Chanterelle is distinguished by beautiful, orange fruits of a conical shape, weighing up to 100 g, can be grown on a balcony, at home on a window, in a vegetable or flower bed. The color of the fruits is light green in technical ripeness, and orange in biological ripeness. Fakir - with red fruits in the form of an elongated - wide cone.
Due to the fact that the variety was created in the Siberian region, a significant amount of nutrients and vitamins accumulates in the fruits during a short period of summer. Considering that many blanks for future use are made with the obligatory addition of pepper, and preferably red, the Fakir variety is especially valuable because of its bright color. True, some housewives are frightened off by the elongated-conical shape of the fruit and its relatively small size.
But this very sign - the small diameter of the fruit is good for making "rings" in salad and for whole-fruit canning. Stuffed fruits are very attractive when setting a festive table when red peppers are combined with green, yellow and orange peppers. Another distinctive feature of this variety is that the bush is replete with fruits. If it is grown in a greenhouse or under film shelters, then rather large, fleshy fruits are formed. From 1 m2 of area, you can get up to 3 kg in the open field and up to 11 kg in the greenhouse. The skin of the fruit is very dense, which leads to good storage at home and high transportability. For the same reason, the fruits are not damaged by early autumn frosts.
Variety Violet - purple in technical ripeness, dark red in biological ripeness, medium-sized fruits, conical drooping, excellent taste; Ivolga variety - fruits are broadly conical, light green in color, turning into orange-yellow, weighing more than 100 g, the variety is weakly susceptible to Fusarium wilt and Alternaria. During the period of mass fruiting, the bush is semi-spreading, medium leafy with fruits directed upwards, very attractive due to its bright color.
When grown in a greenhouse, the fruits ripen earlier and are of better quality - they are very tasty.
When choosing varieties, you need to consider where the beds with pepper will be located - in the open field, in film tunnels or in a greenhouse. Some hybrids, and varieties too, grow well only in a greenhouse, and give a low yield in the open field. Conversely, some varieties of open ground do not bear fruit well in a greenhouse. Most of the varieties in our collection are universal - they bear fruit equally well in the greenhouse and in the open field.
For example, the Supermarkoni variety is the tallest variety in our collection (1.5-1.6 m), the fruits are three-lobed, elongated, 28-30 cm long, 4-6 cm in diameter with a wall thickness of 6-8 mm, their color is from dark - green to crimson red. It reacts less to temperature fluctuations in comparison with other varieties; this pepper is the last to die from the autumn cold. The Paris variety is one of the largest-fruited, delicious and fleshy peppers. It belongs to the group of medium late (up to 135 days). The plant is medium-tall, compact, cuboid-shaped fruits weighing up to 400 g with tender, juicy pulp, wall thickness 8-10 mm, the color of the fruits is dark green in technological ripeness, in biological ripeness - red. Planting density three plants per 1m2. Productivity - up to three kilograms per plant.
I offer to those who wish the seeds of all the varieties of sweet pepper listed above, as well as more than 240 varieties of this culture in total. For orders, I will send out a catalog in which all the best from our site is presented: a large selection of seeds of tomatoes, eggplants, cucumbers, pumpkins, zucchini, rare species from the families of nightshade, pumpkin, mallow, medicinal and spicy-flavoring, flower crops. I'm waiting for an envelope with o / a + 1 clean. My address: 353715, Krasnodar Territory, Kanevskaya district, st. Chelbasskaya, st. Kommunarov, 6 - Brizhan Valery Ivanovich.