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Video: Tomato Varieties For Open And Closed Ground
2023 Author: Sebastian Paterson | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-07-30 21:03
Features of growing tomatoes in open and closed ground
It is hard to imagine that 30 years ago no one even thought of growing tomatoes in the gardens of our region. But now, on the contrary, it is difficult to find a vegetable garden in which tomatoes are not grown.
Tomatoes are delicious salads, healthy juice, incredible ketchups and all kinds of winter preparations.
Everyone has long been convinced of the benefits of tomatoes from their own experience: good health, a wonderful complexion, a desire to do something useful for humanity - all this gives a vegetable garden with tomatoes. It is clear that the point here is not only the richness of the fruit with vitamins and mineral salts.
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For example, quite recently, scientists told us that a substance was found in tomatoes - lycopene, thanks to which the tomato becomes orange-red, - this substance has biological activity, neutralizes free radicals and other toxic substances. So now, without tomatoes, a vegetable garden is not a vegetable garden.
Breeders, seeing such a craving for tomatoes, immediately set to work. It used to be very troublesome to grow tomatoes in our region, after all, tomato is a southern plant. Now they have developed new varieties that make it easier to work with this plant: high-yielding, early maturing and cold-resistant, disease-resistant, moreover, tolerating increased soil acidity and even drought. The latter quality is important not only for the southern regions, but also for ours, for those gardeners who choose their plots only once a week.
Each gardener sets his own goals and objectives for growing tomatoes. Some are grown for sale, others - to feed a large family with fresh vegetables and make more preparations for the winter; some like to amaze themselves and their neighbors with exoticism or to show some unusual tomato at an exhibition. There are varieties for all tasks.
Today there is an incredible number of tomato varieties for literally every taste. Now there are tomatoes, white, green, yellow, orange, pink, red of all shades, brown, striped and speckled. In addition to color, they have different fruit shape, size and taste, different shape and height of the bush, purpose, they also differ in resistance to different growing conditions and different diseases.
A gardener from Sweden has put together a collection of varieties in which we have hitherto unseen tomatoes. For example, there are fruits that, in cross section, give a silhouette of a chamomile, or ampelous tomatoes, whose stems hang down. They can be planted in hanging vases in the room, in the loggia, on the balcony. True, the seeds of such varieties are only in Sweden.
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Every year every reputable seed company offers many new varieties, some of which are well-forgotten old varieties. It is clear that it is impossible to list them. We can only talk about some noteworthy novelties. True, advertising of varieties offers them exclusively in an excellent degree as the most - the most productive, tasty and unpretentious in the world, etc. Sometimes there are simply inaccuracies in it.
For example, to attract buyers, it is said that the variety does not need pinching. We must constantly remember that in our area everything must be pinned, otherwise the crop simply will not have time to ripen. Or even more "cool" advertising: they offer varieties that, they say, can withstand frosts down to minus 5 degrees. It also needs to be treated critically.
So, about the varieties:
Tomato varieties for open ground and the simplest film shelters
In the Leningrad Region, only a few varieties can yield in the open field, and even then in its southern half and in hot summer. In general, under open ground, they often mean beds covered with one or another film, and in cold weather they also use additional insulation there.
Of the old varieties, the following varieties have proven themselves well here: White filling, Dubok, Gruntovy Gribovsky, Agata, Nevsky, Danna, Moskvich, Early 83 and many others. Newer ones are Boney M, Beta, Alaska. Snowdrop, Yamal, Taimyr, Snegurochka, Little Red Riding Hood are doing well. All of them give small fruits - 35-100 grams each. The super early ripening varieties Milashka, Masquerade ultra early ripening, Alpha, Chinese early, as well as ultra early ripening varieties with original transparent yellow rounded fruits of 70-90 g each, Amber, early ripening Far North SeDeK, have shown themselves well.
Gardeners also succeed in a variety with much larger Gin fruits - up to 300 g. There are many other varieties, but they give less stable yields, and not all have been verified by sufficient experience.
This year, breeders are offering new items that can be grown under temporary film shelters and in the open field, for example, some of them are the fastest ripening:
Atom - bush up to 60 cm tall, standard. Fruits are round, slightly flattened, dark red, weighing 80-100 g or more, dense.
Pet is an unpretentious variety. The bushes are low, fruiting is abundant, ripening is amicable and early. Fruits weighing about 85 g, round, smooth, deep red, very dense, fleshy. Excellent taste, with a high content of lycopene.
Ballad - medium early variety, gives many brushes. Tomatoes are round, smooth, bright red, weighing 130-180 g. The taste is sweet, fleshy, aromatic.
Maroussia - charming bushes 60-70 cm high, abundantly strewn with bright red fruits weighing 60-80 g plum-shaped. Fruits are dense with a firm skin, for whole-fruit canning. Medium early variety.
Pink souvenir - a variety with pink fruits, 70-80 g. Fruits are even, dense, sweet. The bush is low.
Khan is an early ripening variety. The bush is low, the fruits are more than 110 g, round, slightly flattened, slightly ribbed, dense red. The juicy flesh is bright red.
F1 Batyr is an early ripe hybrid, a low plant, abundant fruiting, amicable ripening. Fruits are round, smooth, 85 g, excellent taste, high content of lycopene and sugars.
F1 Penguin is a mid-early hybrid. Standard bush, up to 70 cm high. Fruits are round, slightly flattened, up to 150-200 g in weight. Deep pink in color, very tasty. Amicable return of the harvest.
F1 Ustinya - juicy-scarlet fruits, 70-90 g each, oval with a small "nose". Bushes are undersized.
F1 Nimble - early ripening standard hybrid. Fruits are plum-shaped, dense, leveled, weighing 60-80 g each, perfect for all types of canning. It bears fruit abundantly, gives the harvest together.
Thus, there is a choice, although I have listed only a small part of the new products, choosing the best ones from them.
Indoor tomato varieties
There are much more novelties for indoor areas. Of course, first of all in greenhouses it is necessary to plant varieties that have been well tested by you and other gardeners. For example, who can say a bad word about Verliok's famous old F1 hybrid? And there are a lot of such varieties and hybrids, professional and amateur. Every gardener always has his favorite variety. I will briefly introduce you to some of the latest innovations that, in my opinion, deserve attention.
F1 Semko 2005 - the expected hit of the season - intended for whole-fruit canning, the skin does not crack, the fruit has a "spout" like ladies' fingers.
F1 Semko 2000.ru - fruits can be stored indoors for up to 70 days.
F1 Chukhloma - bright orange fruits, the best delicacy for children, 15-20 fruits in a bunch. The plant is tall.
F1 Khokhloma - a variety, fruits are long, like peppers, up to 15 cm, tasty, hard, in a cluster up to 15 fruits, lying. From a bush, you can get up to 5 kg of fruit.
F1 Premier is an amazing hybrid of a new generation of German selection, indeterminate, early maturing. Differs in short internodes. Fruits are round-flat, red, dense, weighing 140-160 g.
F1 Venus - rounded fruits 80-120 g, smooth, F1 König - leveled, slightly flattened fruits up to 120 g, transportable, resistant to cracking,
F1 Darling - fruits of 200-250 g, slightly ribbed. These hybrids have bright red fruits, dense, tasty, determinate plants.
F1 Don Quixote is a mid-season original hybrid. Fruits 80-120 g, cuboid, ribbed, rich yellow. High carotene content.
F1 Sancho Panza - tasty yellow fruits with juicy pulp, 200-250 g each, rounded, slightly flattened. The plant is indeterminate. The variety is purely salad.
F1 Flint - indeterminate hybrid with long and abundant fruiting. The fruits are immaculately smooth, round, and bright red.
F1 Octopus - can be grown in any container with a nutritious substrate, transferred to a winter garden for the winter, where there is a backlight, and formed like a tomato tree covered with bright fruits up to 160 g in weight. In greenhouses, it is grown as a high-yielding indeterminate variety.
F1 Elton John is a sun-shining determinant hybrid. Fruits, like an orange, bright, tasty, 100-150 g each. Gives the harvest together. Increased carotene content.
It should be noted such high-yielding early ripening novelties such as hybrids:
F1 Russian troika, with flat-round smooth fruits weighing about 200 g, bush 50-60 cm high.
F1 Ace - plant up to 80 cm tall with fruits up to 300g, mid-season hybrid.
F1 Seven - very high-yielding, indeterminate bush, fruits 130 - 160 g.
Lovers of large-fruited tomatoes are offered a new hybrid F1 King - Giant - with the largest fruits up to 1 kg.
Of the varieties, Floradeyd can be noted - a high-yielding variety of Dutch selection. The bush is low - up to 1 m due to short internodes, the fruits are bright red, lined, fleshy, sweet and sour taste, 150-200 g. Tamina - brushes follow one another through the leaf, so there are many brushes. The plant is indeterminate, potato-type leaves. The fruits are round, bright red, weighing 70 g. From my own experience, I was convinced of the high yield of these varieties.
Thus, there is a lot to choose from among the new products.
Read the next part. Soil and seed preparation, growing tomato seedlings →
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