Table of contents:
Video: Peking Cabbage, Chinese Cabbage And Japanese Cabbage Varieties
Cabbage from the Middle Kingdom. Part 2
Read the first part: Rules for growing Peking and Chinese cabbage
Alas, East Asian cabbages are poorly distributed among our gardeners, but in vain: these delicious vegetables are used mainly fresh - for making sandwiches, salads, as well as for cooking, frying, drying, salting, etc.
Peking or Chinese cabbage mixed with daikon, garlic, carrots, fish and pepper is used to prepare the traditional Korean dish "kim-chi".
Often, Peking cabbage is called (including European breeding and seed companies) Chinese, which is systematically wrong.
Plant nurseries Stores of goods for summer cottages Landscape design studios
Peking cabbage is a large plant with a diameter of 50-80 cm with delicate leaves without petioles. Distinguish between leaf, semi-cabbage and cabbage forms. There are 14 varieties in the "Register". Let's talk only about the new products.
Vorozheya is a new variety of the Wongbok variety. Has a compact, medium-sized leaf outlet. The leaf is of medium size, broadly oval, the surface is vesicular, pubescence is very weak. The growing season is 55-60 days. Semi-cabbage is dense, weighing 1.0-1.5 kg. Productivity in greenhouses 7.5-10.0 kg / m². The variety is resistant to flowering.
F1 Kudesnitsa is a new early ripening (from full sprouting to the beginning of technical ripeness 50-60 days) headed kilo-resistant hybrid. The head of cabbage is elliptical, yellow-green on the cut. Head of cabbage weight 2-3 kg. The taste is excellent. Recommended for fresh use. Marketable yield 8-12 kg / m². Resistant to flowers.
F1 Nika is a new late ripening (from planting seedlings to technical ripeness of 40-45 days) headed kilo-resistant hybrid. The head of cabbage is large, oval, yellowish in section. Outdoor weight up to 2 kg. Marketable yield 10-12 kg / m². Resistant to flowers.
Chinese cabbage, sometimes called Pak Choi by the name of the variety. There are 5 varieties in the "Register".
Pava is a new hybrid of Chinese cabbage and Chinese cabbage. Botanically, it belongs to Chinese cabbage. Leaf rosette in the open field, 60-80 cm in diameter, 38-45 cm high. Petioles 11-15 cm, 4.5-6.0 cm wide, 1.0-1.2 cm thick, dense, fleshy. Productivity in a winter greenhouse 4.5 kg / m². The variety is early ripening, the growing season is 45-55 days. Resistant to low light, can be grown thickened. Absolutely resistant to shooting. Suitable for sowing at any time from May to November. Feeding area in the open field 50x40 cm, in protected ground 20x15 cm.
Alyonushka is a new early maturing (from full germination to the beginning of the economic shelf life of 45 days) petiolate variety. The rosette of leaves is semi-spreading. The mass of one plant is up to 1.8 kg, the mass of the petioles is up to 2/3 of the plant. Good taste. Productivity up to 9 kg / m².
Swan is a new mid-season petiole variety. The rosette of leaves is horizontal, closed. The mass of one plant is 1.1-1.5 kg. Good taste. The yield of petioles and leaves in the open field is 5.5-7.7 kg / m².
Onyx is an early maturing (vegetation period - 45-55 days) petiole variety for open and protected ground. The petiole is fleshy, juicy, pale green, makes up 2/3 of the plant mass. The mass of one plant is 1.5-2.5 kg. Vase-shaped leaf rosette, 45-50 cm in diameter, 40-45 cm high, leaves directed upwards. The leaf blade is small, smooth, without pubescence. The variety is fruitful, contains a large amount of ascorbic acid. The taste is excellent. Suitable for thickened planting, transportable.
Vesnyanka is an early ripe (from full sprouting to the beginning of technical ripeness 25-35 days) leafy variety. The first collection of greens in 20-25 days! The rosette of leaves is half-raised. The mass of one plant is 250 g. The taste is excellent. Productivity 2.7 kg / m². Resistant to flowering, relatively resistant to keel.
Swallow is an early ripe (from full sprouting to the beginning of technical ripeness 35-45 days) petioled variety. The first collection of greens is possible 15 days after germination! The rosette of leaves is half-raised. The petiole is 2/3 of the plant mass. The mass of one plant is 1.5-3.0 kg. The taste is excellent. Resistant to flowering, relatively resistant to keel.
These varieties are grown in seedlings (sowing at the end of March) and in a seedless way (starting in April) according to the scheme 30-40 x 30-40 cm.
Chinese cabbage is very good for sowing in greenhouses before planting tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers in them. In April-May, they have time to harvest excellent salad greens. In open ground, they can be sown at several times, providing themselves with tender greens for the whole summer and autumn.
Japanese cabbage is a completely unfamiliar variety of cabbage. It is good as an ornamental crop for creating borders and flower beds. Forms a large decorative spreading (diameter 60-90 cm, height 35-50 cm) leaf rosette, which, after cutting, can grow back.
Numerous leaves are used for food: for preparing salads, cooking, frying, drying, etc. Cabbage forms a root vegetable 8-12 cm long, 5-7 cm in diameter, white, with a delicate texture, which tastes like rutabagas.
The plant is cold-resistant, tolerates frosts up to - 5 ° С.
In the open field, you can grow Japanese cabbage from early spring to late autumn, sowing at several times. Since the end of April, by sowing in the ground, it is grown with 2-3-line ribbons (30-40 cm between the lines, 70 cm between the ribbons) or on the ridges and ridges (70x30-40 cm).
From protected ground, young (35-45 days) leaves are used for food. Sown according to the scheme 20x15-20 cm.
The Little Mermaid is the first domestic variety of Japanese cabbage. Included in the "State Register …" in 2002. Mid-ripening (period from full germination to economic shelf life of 60-70 days). The plant is powerful, forms 45-65 leaves, forming a large decorative rosette. The leaf blade is medium in size, consists of three lobes. The yield of leaves with petioles is 5.0-8.0 kg / m², the weight of one plant is 0.9-1.7 kg. The variety is very decorative, resistant to stalking, the growth of leaf mass lasts the entire growing season. It is intended primarily for fresh consumption.
Given the rich biochemical composition of East Asian cabbages, you should take a closer look at them and "prescribe" them in your gardens.
In conclusion, it should be noted that the seed market now has seeds of all varieties of cabbage, their assortment has changed significantly. In particular, seeds of decorative cabbage appeared, which not only decorates the beds and flower beds, but also serves for table setting. A chic selection of kohlrabi and red cabbage. New products for kale and fodder have appeared. Cauliflower has become truly colored: along with varieties with a white head, green-headed F1 Amphora, F1 Shannon and others, as well as purple F1 Graffiti appeared. In a word, there is something to play out a culinary fantasy.
Go for it! I wish you success!