Video: How To Properly Water Vegetables And Green Crops
Read the previous part. ← General rules for watering plants
Correct and timely watering and feeding ensure the friendly flowering of flowers in the garden, prevent the appearance of diseases and pests in the flower beds.
In order to increase the yield of vegetable crops, it is necessary to extend the period of their fruiting. This can be done in two ways: watering and feeding. On overdried soils, plants shed flowers and ovaries, the quality of vegetables decreases, and some crops die altogether.
With an increase in soil density, watering is carried out less often, increasing the rate of water consumption by 10-30%, and in the phase of fruit formation - by 20-30%. In dry hot weather, it is recommended to additionally carry out refreshing irrigation of green, pumpkin and other crops at the rate of 2 liters of water per 1 m².
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Cucumbers, cabbage and green crops respond well to both sprinkling and soil moisture. After watering tomatoes, pumpkins, zucchini and cabbage, the aisles must be mulched with peat, humus or dry soil.
Zucchini. Watering, deep loosening of the soil and top dressing provide them with a bountiful harvest. Before fruiting, zucchini are watered after 5 days, fruiting plants - after 2-3 days, consuming 10-12 liters of water per 1 m². It is better to water the crop in the morning. This refreshes the plants and causes them to grow quickly.
The first feeding is carried out two weeks after planting the seedlings at the rate of 10 g of ammonium nitrate, 20 g of superphosphate and 10 g of potassium chloride per 10 liters of water. Spend it on 1 m². In the flowering phase, the squash is fed a second time. To do this, a liter can of chicken manure is diluted in 10 liters of water and 1 tablespoon of complete fertilizer is added. 5 liters are consumed per 1 m². When the culture grows, all nitrogen components are excluded from the feeding and the dose of potassium fertilizers is increased, that is, they take 1 tablespoon of superphosphate and 2 tablespoons of potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water. The solution is consumed per 1 m².
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White cabbage. Has an increased need for water, since at the beginning of the growing season it develops a powerful leaf rosette. On sandy loam soils, watered cabbage after 2-3 days, on loamy soils - after 4-5 days. One young plant requires 1-2 liters of water, and in the phase of setting the head of cabbage - 3-4 liters. They are fed every 10 days with mullein or bird droppings, diluted in water, respectively, in a ratio of 1:10 and 1:15. The dose of the first two dressings is 0.5 liters per plant, then 1 liter is given. When the leaves are pale, 5 g of urea is added to 10 liters of solution.
Cauliflower. She is very sensitive to watering and feeding. Watering once a week, consuming 12-20 liters of water per 1 m², depending on the weather. At the beginning of the appearance of the head, 20 g of urea and 50 g of potassium chloride, dissolved in 10 liters of water, are introduced. Spend 1 liter per plant. After a week, feeding is repeated. After each fertilizing watering, the soil is loosened.
Potatoes. Watering in dry weather increases the yield by 2-3 times. It is very important to moisten the soil with highly developed tops, in the phase of flowering and tuber formation. Initially, 2-3 liters of water are given for each bush, later - 4-5 liters. A month after planting, watering is combined with top dressing, diluting 25 g of ammonium sulfate and 12 g of urea in 10 liters of water. The second feeding is carried out at the beginning of the budding phase at the rate of 30 g of potassium sulfate or 50 g of potassium magnesium per 10 liters of water. In both cases, 1 liter of solution is consumed per plant.
To accelerate growth, watered onions after 3-4 days, consuming 6-8 liters of water per 1 m². In autumn, 1-2 buckets of manure or compost are applied per 1 m². From mineral fertilizers give superphosphate (40 g) and potassium chloride (20 g). In spring, 20 g / m² of urea is used.
In the first stages of development, onions are watered 3-6 times, consuming 10 liters of water per 1 m². This frequency increases yields by 25-30%. To improve the ripening of the bulbs, watering is stopped in July, and the bulbs are exposed, raking off the soil. Fertilizers are applied to the depth of the root system. On 10 m² they give 30-40 kg of rotted manure or humus, 10-15 kg of peat compost, 1.5-2 kg of poultry droppings and 1-2 kg of wood ash. Or use a garden mixture with humus: 1 kg of a garden mixture is mixed with 2 kg of humus and applied to 15 m². This fertilizer is covered with a rake to a depth of 5-8 cm. Then the area is sprinkled with ash - one bucket per 20 m².
Carrots yield a good harvest only on moist, well-cultivated soils. With a lack of soil moisture and the absence of precipitation, carrots are watered after 3-4 days, on sandy and sandy loam soils - after 1-2 days, consuming 6-10 liters of water per 1 m², so that the ridges are moistened to a depth of 10 cm. The first feeding is carried out after three weeks after germination at the rate of 1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate, 1.5 tablespoons of superphosphate and 1 teaspoon of urea per 10 liters of water. Solution consumption 3 liters per 1 m². Two weeks later, the plants are fed again by dissolving 2 tablespoons of nitrophoska or nitroammofoska in 10 liters of water. Consumption of working fluid is 5 liters per 1 m².
Cucumbers are grown on loose, fertile soil. In the spring, the ridges are dug with fresh manure to a depth of 20-25 cm at the rate of 1 bucket per 1 m². Before fruiting, cucumbers are watered after 2-3 days, consuming 5-8 liters of water, during fruiting - after 1-2 days, consuming 10-15 liters of water per 1 m². When grown under a film, watered after 3-4 days, consuming 3-4 liters of water, during fruiting - after 1-2 days, 10-20 liters of water per 1 m². The water temperature should be 20 … 25 ° С. In the open field during the growing season, cucumbers are fed 5-6 times - every 10 days.
Watering is combined with top dressing at the rate of 1 kg of mullein and 10 g of urea per 10 liters of water. In the flowering phase, 10 g of potassium sulfate and 40 g of superphosphate are added to the solution. During the fruiting period, use a garden mixture of 80 g per 10 liters of water. Spend 1 liter per plant. In the fruiting phase, feeding is carried out once a week, and watered with clean water more often. If the roots are exposed during watering, they are covered with sawdust or peat, but not humus.
Parsnip. Before sowing, 10-12 g of nitrogen, 5-7 g of phosphoric and 10-14 g of potassium fertilizers are applied per 1 m² for digging the soil. Plants are watered abundantly after 7-10 days, consuming 10 liters of water per 1 m².
Patissons. Seedlings are watered no more often than once every 5 days. Plants in the flowering and fruiting phase are watered 1-2 times a week at the rate of 8-12 liters of water per 1 m². They are fed with a vegetable mixture at the rate of 40 g per 10 liters of hearth. Spend 1 liter per plant. Liquid fertilizing with mullein or bird droppings diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10 and 1:15 is effective.
Parsley. If there is enough moisture in the soil, water it after 7-10 days, on sandy and sandy loam soils - after 5-7 days, spending 10 liters of water per 1 m². Leafy varieties are fed with urea at the rate of 20 g per 1 m² and a solution of organic fertilizers - one bucket each, and root crops - with potassium salt (20 g) and superphosphate (40 g) per 1 m². Thin the parsley twice. In the early phases of crop development, weed control is intensively carried out.
Radish grows well on moist, loose, fertilized soils, especially sandy and sandy loam. Watered after 2-3 days, consuming 5-8 liters of water per 1 m². In dry weather, you can water it daily. During the setting of root crops, the plant's need for moisture increases. If the radish grows slowly and has light leaves, the plants are fed with a vegetable mixture at the rate of 40 g per 10 liters of water. Spend for 2 m² of plantings.
The salad is grown on moist, fertile soil. Care consists in loosening row spacings and watering. In the spring, 1-2 buckets of manure or compost and mineral fertilizers are introduced for digging. On 1 m² give 40 g of superphosphate and 15 g of potassium chloride. In spring, when loosening the soil, use urea (20 g) or ammonium nitrate (30 g). In dry weather, crops are watered after 2-3 days, consuming 10 liters of water per 1 m². Water is given at the root, without wetting the plant leaves.
Beetroot prefers light, non-acidic, medium loamy and sandy loam soils. Watered after 7-10 days, consuming 15 liters of water per 1 m². The first feeding is given after the appearance of the third or fourth leaf. To do this, 1.5 cups of mullein, 1 tablespoon of nitrophoska and 1 g of boric acid are diluted in 10 liters of water. In the phase of filling root crops in the same amount of water, dissolve 1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate, potassium magnesium and double superphosphate. 5-6 liters of solution are consumed per 1 m².
Celery is watered once a week, consuming 8-10 liters of water per 1 m². During the growing season, two dressings are carried out. Two weeks after planting, 250 g of mullein and 10 g of urea are given, and after another 20 days - 0.5 cups of chicken manure and 1 tablespoon of nitrophoska per 5 liters of water. Spend for 1 m².
Tomatoes. Seedlings are watered after 3-4 days at the rate of 1 glass of water per plant. In the phase of the fifth true leaf, the watering rate is increased to 2 glasses. This speeds up the harvest from the first brush. After transplanting into the ground, the plants are not watered for 8-10 days. In the future, the frequency of watering depends on soil moisture. It is better to water tomatoes in 2-3 doses so that the soil is gradually moistened. 0.8-2 liters of water is consumed per plant.
After watering, the tomatoes are loosened or hilled. In the phase of formation and filling of fruits, the crop's need for water increases sharply. During this period, it is advisable to combine top dressing with watering. 10-15 days after planting the seedlings, the tomatoes are watered with water with mullein in a ratio of 1:10 or chicken droppings - 1:20, spending 0.5 liters of solution per plant. The next feeding is carried out at the beginning of the blooming of the second flower cluster. To do this, 0.5 liters of chicken manure, 2 tablespoons of superphosphate, 1 teaspoon of potassium sulfate (or chloride) are diluted in 10 liters of water. Spend 1 liter per plant.
The third top dressing is given in the blooming phase of the third flower cluster at the rate of 0.5 liters of mullein and 1 tablespoon of complete fertilizer per 10 liters of water. 5 liters of solution are consumed per 1 m². After another two weeks, the tomatoes are fed with nitrophos at the rate of 2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water. Spend for 1 m².
Pumpkin. Before fruiting, the pumpkin is watered once a week. Fruiting plants are more demanding on moisture, so they are watered more often - after 4-5 days at the rate of 10 liters per 1 m². They are fed every 10 days using 40 g of garden mixture per 10 liters of water. Spend 2 liters per plant.
Dill is watered immediately after germination, consuming 8-10 liters of water per 1 m². The soil is kept moist. For top dressing, give 25 g of ammonium nitrate and potassium salt or 50 g of a garden mixture (per 10 liters of water) per 3-4 m². When feeding dill immediately after germination, the fertilizer rate is halved.
Garlic. Watered depending on weather conditions, consuming 6-10 liters of water per 1 m². Watering is stopped 1 month before the bulbs ripen. Every 10 days, garlic is fed with chicken droppings at the rate of 1 kg per 10 liters of water or mullein - per 8 liters of water. Spend 5 m². Watered at the root.
Spinach is grown in a well-fertilized soil with a neutral reaction, as this crop almost fails on acidic soil. Watered often, but in moderation, consuming 6-8 liters of water per 1 m². In spring, 30 g of superphosphate and 15 g of potassium chloride, 20 g of urea per 1 m² are added under the digging. Organic fertilizers impair the palatability of the leaves, and potash fertilizers cause rapid shooting of the crop.