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Video: How To Use Herbal Preparations To Combat Diseases And Pests Of Vegetables And Fruit Crops. Herbal Decoction Recipes
2023 Author: Sebastian Paterson | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 20:34
Plants that help protect crops from pests and diseases
In order to combat pests and diseases of plants, we offer you herbal infusions and decoctions, which are safe for humans, compared to persistent and potent pesticides.
However, when applying these infusions, it should be remembered that they all contain alkaloids, glycosides, saponins, essential oils and other compounds. Therefore, some precautions should be taken when working with protective plants. For example, after collecting plant materials, preparing preparations from them, it is necessary to thoroughly wash hands and face with soap, do not smoke, do not take food during work. The dishes used for the preparation of the compositions must be cleaned with wood ash or rinsed with a solution of soda ash, rinsing repeatedly with water. To create a kind of "drug bank", raw materials can be dried for future use by storing them in paper or cloth bags.
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To destroy gnawing and sucking pests, decoctions and infusions are used, separated from plant debris. Treatments are best done in the evening or early in the morning, repeating them at intervals of 7-10 days. Since herbal preparations are active only in direct contact with insects, to improve adhesion to leaves in infusions and decoctions before spraying, it is necessary to add loose soap at the rate of 8-10 tablespoons per 10 liters of solution. Such formulations can be used both for disinfecting seeds and for spraying plants of different ages.
In particular, for pre-sowing disinfection, it is recommended to soak the seeds in aloe juice diluted with water (1: 1) for six hours. After that, the seeds are washed with clean water to restore flowability and dried. Aloe juice is also effective in the fight against spider mites on plants. For this, 150 g of crushed leaves are poured with 1 liter of water, infused for 7 hours, filtered and sprayed three times after five days.
Marigolds, which are widespread and beloved by many growers, help to get rid of aphids on berry fields. In this case, fresh or dry crushed plants are placed in an enameled ten-liter bucket (1/2 bucket), top up with warm water to the brim and infused for two days. Spraying is carried out only until the first signs of ripening of berries and, if necessary, renew them after harvesting. To protect against nematodes, marigolds are planted next to the protected crop (strawberries, phlox).
It is interesting that, in addition to the main (food) purpose, potatoes and tomatoes are effective defenders of neighbors in the beds from aphids, ticks, herbivorous bugs, cabbage whitebird caterpillars, moths and flies, apple moth, meadow moth, rape sawfly larvae, cruciferous flea beetles, for flea beetles sawfly and moths, against all types of caterpillars. We recommend the following recipes:
1) 4 kg of green or 2 kg of dry crushed tops are infused for four hours in 10 liters of water, then boiled for 30 minutes over low heat, cooled. Before use, dilute with water in a 1: 1 ratio.
2) 2 kg of dry crushed tops are boiled for 1 hour in 3 liters of water. When spraying, you need to take 1 liter of broth for 5 liters of water.
3) 400 g of leaves are passed through a meat grinder, insisted for 2-3 hours in a small amount of water. Before processing, the volume of the infusion is adjusted to 10 liters.
4) 3.5 kg of tomato tops (leaves, stepsons, stems and even green fruits) are finely cut, pour 10 liters of boiling water, leave for 1 day. Then the contents are rubbed well and filtered through cheesecloth. 2 liters of concentrate are diluted in 10 liters of water. The solution is prepared only on the day of its use.
In the fall, you can prepare dry tops of tomatoes and potatoes for future use.
A good effect in the fight against aphids, ticks, and honeydew is given by the use of garlic: 200-300 g of unpeeled cloves are passed through a meat grinder, pour 10 liters of water and insist for a day. 2 liters of infusion is diluted in 8 liters of water.
To disinfect the seeds of any vegetable crops, take 25 g of crushed garlic, pour 100 ml of water. The seeds are kept in this mixture in a closed jar for 1 hour, then washed in water and dried.
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Bulb onion destroys spider mites and aphids on vegetable and fruit crops. It is also effective against currant kidney moths, gooseberry moths, sawflies, gall midge, kidney mites, leaf rollers, codling moth, honey beetles, scoop caterpillars, and slobbering pennits. With a weak insect infestation, 1/2 bucket of onion husks is poured to the brim with hot water, insisted for a day. The infusion is diluted twice and used for spraying. Or 100 g of onions and 60 g of onion husks are infused for 6-7 hours in 10 liters of water in a sealed container and immediately used for spraying.
Horseradish, which grows in almost every area, is used against ticks, aphids, and will also rid your beds of fruit rot. Horseradish root infusion can be prepared in two ways:
1) Grind 0.5 kg of fresh roots, pour 5 liters of water, mix well, squeeze. The pomace is again poured with 5 liters of water, and the process is repeated. Both extracts are poured together and diluted three times before spraying.
2) 0.5 kg of crushed roots are poured into 3 liters of water, insisted for five days in a warm, dark place. For spraying, the infusion is diluted in 10 liters of water.
Common tansy, so often found on the side of roads, is effective against the moth, honeydew, apple blossom beetle, gooseberry moth, strawberry mite, raspberry-strawberry weevil, raspberry beetle, sawfly, and is also a prophylactic and curative agent against rust and powdery rust.
700-800 g of dried or 2-2.5 kg of fresh stems and inflorescences are placed in a bucket, water is added to the brim. After two days, the infusion is boiled for 25-30 minutes and diluted twice with cold water before processing.
Chamomile will help to get rid of aphids, ticks, small caterpillars, sawfly larvae. Its leaves and inflorescences are ground, poured with water heated to 60-70 ° C (1:10) and infused for 12 hours; dilute three times before spraying.
Large burdock or burdock is effective in the fight against leaf-eating and sucking pests of vegetable crops. Chop fresh green leaves, fill them with half or a third of a ten-liter bucket, pour water to the brim, insist for three days. The treatments are repeated 3-4 times with an interval of 7 days.
Infusion of medicinal dandelion destroys aphids, ticks, suckers on fruit crops. To do this, 200-300 g of roots or 400 g of fresh leaves are crushed and insisted for 2-3 hours in 10 liters of warm water (not higher than 40 ° C). The first treatment is carried out on the blossoming buds, the second - immediately after flowering, the subsequent ones - after 10-15 days in the presence of pests. The infusion can be prepared differently: 1 kg of leaves is poured into 3 liters of water, insisted for 3 days.
An infusion of pine or common spruce helps to get rid of aphids, copperheads, moths, codling moth and other pests. To do this, 2 kg of needles of one-year growth are poured into 8 liters of water and insisted for 5-7 days in the shade, stirring daily. For spraying, 1 liter of infusion is diluted in 10 liters of water.
The second method: put freshly cut branches in a bowl and pour boiling water (1: 1). The infusion can be consumed the next day, after diluting it with water 5 times.
Fruit shrubs can also be sprayed with ready-made coniferous concentrate (50-70 g per 10 l of water) at the beginning and end of flowering, and cherries, starting from flowering, after 7-9 days, the entire period of appearance of butterflies and pupae. The apple tree is processed immediately after flowering, repeating the processing at weekly intervals for a month.
When used against gray rot, strawberries are mulched with needles before ripening.
The bear pest brings a lot of trouble to vegetable growers, it gnaws at the roots and stems, damages the tubers, spoils the seeds. It was noted that the bear does not tolerate the smell of fresh gray alder and leaves the beds, into the soil of which fresh alder branches are stuck. In addition, the infusion of alder leaves is used to combat spider and root mites, as well as against aphids on rose hips, apple trees, and cloves. To prepare the infusion, take 1 kg of dry or 2 kg of fresh leaves, pour 10 liters of hot water, insist for 24 hours. Then boil for 30-40 minutes, filter.
Among our "green defenders" there are plants that, by emitting odorous substances, phytoncides, heal the air, protecting themselves and their neighbors from pests. These plants include most of the plants already described above, as well as: bird cherry, wormwood, red elderberry, mint and many others. Such plants are simply useful to plant next to other pests affected. Phytoncides are destructive for many microorganisms, insects, pathogens. For example, it has long been noticed that where bird cherry grows, there are no flies. If elderberries or mint grow in the garden, then even mice and rats scatter from them.
When planting tomatoes in the aisles of gooseberries and currants, the latter do not affect moth, glass and sawflies. If you plant a batun onion between the rosettes of strawberries, a weevil will not land on this plantation. In addition, by picking off onion feathers for food, we promote the spread of onion phytoncides, which reduces the infection of berries with gray rot. Marigolds, nasturtium, emitting powerful streams of phytoncides, are good defenders against pests of fruit, berry and vegetable crops. If they are planted between berry bushes or next to tomatoes, cabbage and other vegetable plants, then the butterflies of many pests will fly around them.
Thus, knowledge of the properties of protective plants you are already familiar with will save your garden and vegetable garden from uninvited guests and get the maximum yield from your green pets, without harming your health. Good luck.
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