Video: How To Properly Water Flower Crops
Read the previous part: How to properly water berry and fruit crops
Correct and timely watering and feeding ensure the friendly flowering of flowers in the garden, prevent the appearance of diseases and pests in the flower beds.
In spring, sometimes warm weather sets in early, therefore, on sandy and sandy loam soils, many plants, especially bulbous ones, lack moisture, as a result, their growth and development of peduncles slows down. In this case, it is necessary to urgently water the plants, preferably in the grooves, so that the soil layer is moistened to a root depth of 25-40 cm. The water consumption rate is 30-40 liters per 1 m². Early flowering perennials - primroses, peonies, delphiniums, irises, lupins and others - also need watering.
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Asters. In a dry hot summer, plants are watered no more than once every 7-10 days, but abundantly - 30-40 liters of water per 1 m². Several crystals of potassium permanganate are added to the water. To accelerate the growth and development of plants during the formation of the third or fourth leaf, they are fed with urea (8 g), potassium sulfate (10 g) and superphosphate (20 g), diluted in 10 liters of water. 10-15 days after planting the seedlings, a mixture of urea (15-20 g), potassium chloride (15-20 g) and superphosphate (30-40 g) per 10 liters of water is given, and in the budding phase - urea (10-15 g), potassium sulfate (20-25 g) and superphosphate (20-25 g) per 10 liters of water. At the beginning of flowering, potassium chloride is introduced - 10-15 g per 10 liters of water.
Marigold. In the first half of summer, especially in dry weather, the plants are watered once every 2-4 days, using two buckets of water per 1 m². In the second half of summer, plants are watered once a week. Two weeks after planting, the seedlings are fed with urea (15-20 g) and potassium sulfate (30 g) at the rate of 10 liters of solution per 1 m². In the budding phase, plants are given superphosphate (20-30 g) and potassium sulfate (10-20 g) per 1 m².
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Carnation in the first week after planting sprayed with water to moisten it. In the summer, cloves are watered in the afternoon. The water temperature should be 20 … 22 ° С. Watering frequency depends on weather and soil conditions. Watering is repeated after 3-4 days, consuming 20-25 liters of water per 1 m². In the first month, until the cuttings of the carnation have taken root, it is not necessary to loosen the soil.
From the second to the eighth month, the soil is loosened one day after each watering. Fertilizers are applied a month after planting, immediately after pinching. In winter, in greenhouses, it is recommended to give calcium nitrate at the rate of 20 g per 10 liters of water. The solution is consumed per 100 plants. When grown in soil, liquid top dressing is alternated with watering with clean water. The composition of fertilizer mixtures should include ammonium nitrate, superphosphate, potassium sulfate and magnesium sulfate.
Dahlias are watered during the growing season in 2-3 weeks. They are fed with a mullein solution (1:10), alternating with nitrogen fertilizers (ammonium nitrate 10-15 g per 10 l of water). Starting from the budding phase, phosphorus-potassium dressings are introduced - potassium chloride (15 g) and superphosphate (40-50 g) per 10 liters of water.
Gladioli. At the beginning of development, plants are watered abundantly every week at the rate of 10-15 liters of water per 1 m². During the summer, in dry weather, every five days, 1-2 buckets per 1 m² are used to saturate the soil to the depth of the root layer. After rain, the soil must be loosened. Corms and babies stop watering 2 weeks before digging. With the emergence of seedlings until the end of flowering, the plants are fed four times. In the phase of three to four leaves, ammonium nitrate (15-20 g) is given, in the phase of five to six leaves - complete fertilization (40-50 g), at the beginning of the budding phase and in the flowering phase - 30-40 g of superphosphate and 15-20 g of potassium chloride per 10 liters of water.
Daffodils. Water immediately after planting the bulbs, consuming 20-30 liters of water per 1 m². From the emergence of shoots to the end of flowering, three more waterings are carried out in 7-10 days, spending up to 20 liters per 1 m2. 7-10 days after the first watering, two more waterings are carried out, consuming 20-30 liters of water per 1 m²; for normal growth and development, 3-4 buckets of humus, 150-200 g of superphosphate, 150-200 g of wood ash, 12-15 g of urea and 50-70 g of potassium chloride per 1 m² are introduced in the fall. In the budding and flowering phase, fertilizing with superphosphate (60-80 g), potassium chloride (40-50 g), urea (15-25 g) or a mixture (25-30 g / m²) with the addition of trace elements should be carried out.
Peonies. Before planting, a pit 60 cm deep and 80 cm wide is prepared for each plant. On waterlogged soils, drainage is made, deepening the pit and pouring broken brick and gravel on the bottom, fill it with soil and add 2 buckets of humus, 1 kg of superphosphate, 0.5 kg of wood ash and 150-200 g of potassium sulfate (for acidic soils 300-350 g of lime) per 1 m², mix thoroughly and watered using a bucket of water.
After planting, another 1-2 buckets of water are poured. In the first week, peonies are watered 2-3 times to accelerate the growth and development of roots. Water consumption for an adult bush is 10 liters. Peonies are demanding on moisture during the entire growing season, so they are watered after 7 days.
Roses. It is better to water rarely, but abundantly, so that the water reaches the lower layers of the soil, since the roots of the roses lie quite deep. Watering should be done early in the morning, as the plants should dry out before evening. In summer, when there is a shortage of soil moisture, they are watered at least once a month at the rate of 20-30 liters of water per plant.
When the buds open and shoots begin to grow, the flowers are fed at the rate of 20-25 g of ammonium nitrate, 30-40 superphosphate and 10-15 g of potassium salt per 10 liters of water. Before use, superphosphate must be poured with water for a day to obtain an extract. Irrigation rate is 5-6 liters per bush. Immediately after feeding, the roses are watered with clean water. The second dressing is carried out in the phase of complete blooming of leaves at a dose of 20-25 g of ammonium nitrate per 10 liters of water. Spend on 2 bushes.
In the flowering phase, roses are fed with potassium fertilizers at the rate of 15 g of potassium salt per 10 liters of water. Spend 5-6 liters per bush. If roses are watered in a timely manner, cut flowers will be more resistant. Intermittent watering and non-compliance with water consumption rates reduce the stability of cut flowers, since the stem coarsens and conducts water worse.
Tulips. It is recommended to water 3-4 times - during germination, budding, flowering and after flowering. 10-14 days after germination, watering can be replaced with two fertilizing dressings. To do this, 30 g of potassium nitrate and 40 g of superphosphate are diluted in 10 liters of water. This will be enough to water 40-50 adult bulbs.
Phlox. In dry hot weather, especially the first 2-3 weeks after planting the plants, it is necessary to water every other day, spending 10 liters of water for 5 plants. After each watering, the soil should be loosened. In the first half of summer, 2-3 g of boric acid and several crystals of potassium permanganate can be added to each bucket of water; in the second half of summer, phlox is watered once every 5 days.
Thus, proper watering of plants and optimal fertilization guarantee attractive beauty and good productivity of the garden and vegetable garden, preserve our health and prolong the enjoyment of the grown products.
We wish you success!
How to water properly:
Part 1. General rules for watering plants
Part 2. How to properly water vegetable and green crops
Part 3. How to properly water berry and fruit crops
Part 4. How to properly water flower crops