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Video: Tui In Your Garden
Read the previous part of the article: Pines and yews in your garden
Among the thujas there are dwarf plants for a rock garden, as well as excellent trees for single plantings in curbs or on a lawn. These evergreens can be used to make a living fence, which must be cut in the spring and re-trimmed at the end of summer.
Tiny scaly leaves are arranged in an opposite direction on the stems, and the side branches lie in the same plane, like a cypress.
To distinguish these plants, mash the twig with your fingers: most types of thuja have fragrant leaves. It is even easier to distinguish plants by cones - in thuja they are small and oblong, and in mature cones the scales are bent outward.
All thujas need well-drained soil, and species with golden needles also need a sunny place.
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Types and varieties of tui
Thuja occidentalis is one of the three wild species. She has several excellent dwarf varieties, the first among which belongs to the Rheingold variety. This shrub with a conical crown and dull golden needles reaches a height of one meter in ten years. The Golden Globe variety has a compact, round bush with yellow leaves. The next cultivar Little Champion with green leaves has a spherical crown, while Holmstrup has a narrow conical crown.
Thuja western Aurea
For 30 years, the shrub reaches a height of 7 meters and a crown diameter of 230 cm, the plant is winter-hardy. The species combines a number of forms with a golden-yellow color of needles, which clearly differ in growth shape and other characteristics, for example, the Aurea Nana form has a rounded or ovoid crown no more than 60 cm high, densely branches. The needles are entirely yellow-green, later light green, brownish-yellow in winter.
This also includes the forms Aurea Densa, Aurea Compacta, Aurea Globosa, Minima Aurea, partially - Semperaurea.
Thuja western Aurescens
The shape of the crown is narrowly columnar.
Scaly needles, in young shoots - golden. At the age of 10 years it reaches 3-4 meters, light-requiring.
Requires a fairly fertile and moist soil. This thuja is hardy.
Recommended for living fences, alleys, single and group plantings.
Thuja western Boothii
The tree is up to four meters high, the crown is dense, conical or slightly irregular. Branches rising gracefully. Shoots are relatively strong, densely spaced. The needles are scaly, large, light green, pale in winter, winter-hardy. Propagated in summer and winter, by cuttings.
It was named after James Botha, the owner of a kennel in Hamburg.
Recommended for single, group plantings and live fences.
Thuja western Brabant
The tree is 15-21 meters high, crown diameter 3-4 meters, conical crown.
The bark is reddish or grayish brown, flaking. The needles are scaly, green, retain their color in winter. Cones are brown, oblong - ovoid, 0.8-1.2 cm long. Annual growth 30 cm in height, 10 cm spread, shade tolerant.
This thuja is undemanding to the soil, tolerates both dryness and excessive moisture, but prefers fresh, sufficiently moist fertile loams. Frost resistant. Tolerates a haircut well.
Recommended for single plantings, in groups for live fences.
Thuja western Danica
The variety was bred in Denmark in 1948. Height 0.6 meters, crown diameter 1 meter. The crown is spherical, the bark is reddish or grayish-brown, flaking.
The needles are scaly, dense, green, soft, shiny, brownish-green in winter, growing slowly.
It tolerates shade, is undemanding to the soil, tolerates dry soil and excessive moisture, but prefers fresh, sufficiently moist fertile loams. Frost resistant.
Recommended for single plantings, in groups, on rocky slides.
Thuja occidentalis Dumosa
A dwarf plant with a height and diameter of 1 meter, has a flattened and slightly rounded crown.
The shoots are completely flat, at the top there are many vertically arranged thin shoots about 10-15 cm.
There are very few branched shoots.
Recommended for rock gardens.
Thuja occidentalis Globosa
A small tree, 1.5 meters high, at the age of 15 years reaches a height of 0.5-1.2 meters, the maximum crown diameter is 1 meter. The crown is round.
The needles are grayish-green in spring, green in summer and gray-green or brownish in winter.
The plant is shade-loving, winter-hardy, from soils it prefers sandy loam of normal moisture content, light loam.
Recommended for single plantings and group low living fences.
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Thuja western Holmstrup
The shape of the crown is conical. The maximum height is up to 2.5-3 meters, at the age of 15 it reaches 1.5-2 meters, the maximum crown diameter is 0.8-1 meters.
The needles are scaly, dense, dark green.
The plant is shade-loving, not demanding on the soil, but prefers fresh, sufficiently moist fertile loams, frost-resistant.
Recommended for single and group landings.
Thuja occidentalis Pygmaea
A compact conical tree with a dense crown, a very rare form in culture. Sometimes it is mistaken for the folded Pygmaea.
Prefers well-lit places or light shading, hardy.
It is not very demanding on the soil, but it grows better on well-moistened fertile soils.
Recommended for rocky gardens where it can be planted singly or in groups.
Thuja occidentalis Rheingold
Height 2-3 meters, crown diameter 1.5-2 meters. Annual growth is 10 cm in height and 5 cm in width. Crohn of various shapes, dense.
The needles are light golden yellow, partly acicular, partly scaly. Shoots are thin. Young growing branches have a beautiful pinkish tint.
It is undemanding to the soil, but prefers fertile loams, can tolerate dry soil and excessive moisture. She has been known since 1904.
Propagated by cuttings.
The plant is frost-resistant.
Recommended for single and group plantings in rocky areas, as well as for growing in containers.
Thuja western Semperaurea
The tree is 10-12 meters high, the crown is broadly conical.
The shoots are thick. The ends of the shoots and young needles are densely golden, in winter the needles turn brown and turn yellow-brown.
A characteristic feature of this form is the sign that the branches of this thuja are facing the edge to the south.
Propagated by cuttings, this thuja is winter-hardy, known since 1893. Often found in Western Europe.
Recommended for group landings.
Thuja western Smaragd
Decorative form with a narrow, compact pyramidal crown, which is formed by branches directed upwards. Height 4-6 meters, crown diameter 1-1.5 meters. Annual growth is 10 cm in height and 4 cm in spread.
The crown is narrowly conical, dense, weakly branched. Shoots are located in a vertical plane. The branches are far apart, they are glossy, fresh green in summer and winter.
Scaly green needles. Cones are rare, oblong-ovate, about 1 cm long, brown.
Not demanding on soils, but prefers fertile loams, can tolerate dry soil and excessive moisture. The plant is frost-resistant.
This thuja was obtained in 1950 in Denmark (Quistchard).
Propagated by cuttings.
Recommended for group and single plantings, for a live fence.
Thuja occidentalis Spiralis
The shape of the crown is narrowly conical. The shoots are helical, turned so that they resemble a spiral.
The needles are dark green. At the age of 10, it reaches 3-4 meters.
Loves the sun, partial shade. Needs fertile and moist soils, hardy.
Recommended for single landings.
Thuja western Umbraculifera
A dwarf plant up to 1.5 meters high, the crown is flatly rounded, almost umbrella-shaped from above. Shoots are straight. The ends of the branches are thin, rounded, slightly sagging.
The needles are juicy, small, dark green with a bluish tint.
Winter hardiness. It grows slowly. Propagated by summer and winter cuttings.
It appeared in 1890 in Germany.
Recommended for single and group plantings on rock gardens, lawns, for growing in containers.
Thuja western Wagneri
Small tree, 3.5 meters high. The crown is dense, dense, narrowly conical, directed upwards, graceful. Shoots are thin, ascending or slightly drooping.
The needles are grayish green.
Grows best in free and open spaces. Winter hardy. Rooted by summer and winter cuttings.
It originated in 1890 in Karl Wagner's nursery in Leipzig.
Recommended for single and group landings.
Evergreens in your garden:
• Part 1. Evergreens in your garden
• Part 2. Arranging evergreens in your garden
• Part 3. Growing evergreens in your garden
• Part 4. Eating in your garden
• Part 5. Cypress in your garden
• Part 6 Junipers in your garden
• Part 7. Rhododendron, azalea and boxwood in your garden
• Part 8. Pines and yews in your garden
• Part 9. Thuja in your garden
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