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Video: Natural Agricultural Technology
Low cost, high yields, no chemicals - this is organic farming
In nature, everything is interconnected. Plants live and, dying, give food to soil microorganisms and worms, which, by processing organic residues into humus, make the soil fertile. In nature, no one digs, weeds, does not apply mineral fertilizers, and everything around itself grows, blooms and turns green.
If you rely on natural agricultural technology in your summer cottage, then you can work 2-3 times less (dig less, weed and water less), get a yield 2-3 times higher and increase soil fertility! And at the same time, doing without mineral fertilizers and pesticides, grow an ecologically clean crop!
Focus? Cheating? Impossible? This is verified! Many summer residents from Kaliningrad to Vladivostok and from Murmansk to Crimea work this way!
And all that is necessary to observe the three main rules of organic farming (OZ).
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1. The earth must not be dug or plowed with seam turnover
It is enough to loosen it to a depth of 5-6 cm (for example, with a Fokin flat cutter, which greatly facilitates the work of the summer resident and replaces almost all garden tools for him). Digging causes irreparable harm to the fertility of the earth.
Soil microorganisms die - natural workers of soil fertility (when the soil layer is turned over, the "upper" bacteria breathing air end up below, where they lack air, and, conversely, the "lower" bacteria, which do not need air, end up at the top, in an unusual "air" world).
The natural channel porosity of the earth is disturbed (channels are formed in the place of rotten roots and as a result of the activity of worms) as a result of which:
- it is difficult to saturate the soil with air and moisture, after the rains, water is not absorbed, the surface of the earth "floats" and further impedes the passage of moisture and air;
- by autumn, the dug soil is compacted much more than just loose soil;
- the system of natural autowatering is disrupted, due to which the soil receives moisture twice as much as from the rains (even in the heat, 1 cubic meter of air contains up to 100 g of water - descending through the channels into the soil, warm air reaches the cold layers of the earth and falls out there " daytime dew);
- hindered the growth of the root system of plants, which cannot use the channels in the soil for its rapid spread.
2. The land needs to be mulched
In nature, there is no bare black earth - it is always covered with foliage or grass. So in the garden, the aisles of the emerged cultivated plants must be covered with organic mulch (grass, leaves, straw, compost, sawdust …) with a layer of 5 cm. Then:
- mulch serves as a fur coat: the earth does not overheat during the day and does not overcool at night (the difference in soil and air temperatures is maintained, and the natural automatic irrigation system works well), less water evaporates, which means that frequent watering is not required;
- five times less weeds germinate (mulch closes them from light) - less weeding;
- the soil under the mulch does not undergo erosion, does not float after rains and remains porous and loose - which means that it does not require additional loosening;
- and most importantly: worms and microorganisms process mulch into humus.
3. The earth must be revived by breeding and feeding worms and soil microorganisms with organic matter
You can't just take away vegetables and fruits grown from nature - you need to compensate for the removal of organic matter. The easiest way to do this is to use "green fertilizer" - siderates (any annual plants with a powerful root system and aerial part: phacelia, lupine, rye, peas, clover, etc.).
The grown green manure is pruned, leaving it to rot in the garden bed, or used as mulch or laid in a compost heap. And with the decomposition of the root system of green manure, humus is formed, which restores soil fertility, and the structure of the soil improves due to the formation of channels in place of rotten roots. In addition, the powerful root system of green manure raises from the depths microelements washed out of the soil by water.
Organic mulch is also used as organic matter applied to the soil.
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Microbiological preparations "Shining", containing several dozen types of agronomically useful effective microorganisms (EM), are of great help in increasing soil fertility. When introduced into the soil, they actively multiply, utilize organic matter in an easily digestible form for plants, fix mineral elements, suppress pathogenic bacteria and fungi, and produce carbon dioxide, which is necessary for plant nutrition in the process of photosynthesis. This increases the fertility of the soil, accelerates the growth of plants, increases the mass of fruits and their taste, as well as the safety of fruits during storage. On fertile soil, plants grow strong and resistant to diseases and pests.
The use of EM drugs in our climate is especially important, since microorganisms "freeze" in winter and restore their numbers only by the end of June.
In addition, these preparations accelerate composting up to 1.5 months, as opposed to the usual 1.5-2 years, which allows composting directly on the beds. Now remember how plants grow wildly on compost heaps without any mineral fertilization!
And, of course, no one cancels the use of conventional natural agricultural techniques and pest control methods, such as crop rotation, mixed planting, varietal renewal, narrow beds with wide aisles between them, etc.
Good luck in the noble cause of increasing the fertility of the earth by natural methods!
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