First Aid For Your Pet, Veterinary First Aid Kit In The Country
First Aid For Your Pet, Veterinary First Aid Kit In The Country

Video: First Aid For Your Pet, Veterinary First Aid Kit In The Country

Video: First Aid For Your Pet, Veterinary First Aid Kit In The Country
Video: First Aid Kit for Pets 2023, October

"The only thing that can save a mortally wounded cat," said the cat, "is a sip of gasoline … And, taking advantage of the confusion, he kissed the round hole in

primus and got drunk on gasoline. "The Master and Margarita". M. A. Bulgakov

Let's hope that your beloved treasure will live a long life without getting sick, and you will communicate with veterinarians only by vaccinating your pet and drawing up documents. However, not all good wishes come true, so you need to be prepared for trouble.

What does a pet owner need to have at home? Cotton wool, sterile and non-sterile bandage, tweezers or sticks for cleaning ears, alcohol solution of iodine, hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate), special lotions for cleaning ears and for washing eyes, sharp scissors for cutting hair, activated charcoal or its analogs (available excellent veterinary drugs: lignin, enterocat, bifitrilak), thermometer (thermometer), petroleum jelly or any cream (grease the tip of the thermometer), and also (after consultation at least by phone) our usual no-spa, analgin, corvalol can be useful.

Train your puppy or kitten to clean their ears, rinse their eyes, show their teeth, and measure their temperature. It is not necessary to specially clean the ears, in a healthy animal they cleanse themselves, but occasionally imitate this process so that, if there is a need to do it seriously, you do not turn cleaning the ears into a battle to the death.

The same is with rinsing the eyes, although this is a daily procedure for "noseless" breeds. The eyes are washed from the ears to the nose.

Regularly examining teeth and gums, an attentive owner will immediately notice the first signs of plaque and cope with it, without bringing the matter to tartar, periodontal disease and tooth loss. There are special toothpastes for animals.

The temperature is measured in the anus. The tip of the thermometer is smeared with petroleum jelly or cream and inserted into the anus for three to five minutes. Normal temperature in dogs is 37.5-39.0 degrees, in cats - 38.0-39.5 degrees (in hairless breeds, as a rule, it is higher). Why such a spread, you ask? Because the smaller (both in age and in size) the animal, the higher its temperature. It is best to know the individual temperature of your dog or cat (and of a person - my son had a temperature of 35.5 in the first year of his life, which almost led to a diagnostic error).

If the pet is still sick, what to do? First of all, don't panic. Carefully examine the animal: it is lying calmly or the posture is unusual, overly worried, or, on the contrary, indifferently, whether it limps or breathes. Examine eyes (festering, watery), ears (purulent or dry discharge), for genital discharge. The doctor will definitely ask you if there was a cough, vomiting (and what), diarrhea (color, mucus, blood), abnormal urination (frequent or rare, painful, bloody urine). Take a piece of paper and write down everything that worries you, that you wanted to ask your doctor. And with this sheet, call the clinic or call service.

Be sure to have a muzzle with you. Even an always peaceful animal from pain and fear can very sensitively grab a stranger. Cats are swaddled in some kind of not very valuable bedspread.

What first aid can you provide yourself before meeting with a doctor?

In case of injuries (bruise, dislocation, fracture), the first day they apply cold, then heat. The affected limb must be provided with the greatest possible rest.

The wool around the wound is cut off, the wound is washed with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate from the center of the wound to the edges, the skin (ONLY SKIN!) Around the wound is treated with iodine. Bleeding is stopped by tamponing (firmly pressing a sterile piece of bandage and holding it), applying a tourniquet (in case of arterial bleeding - scarlet blood with a stream - apply a tourniquet ABOVE the wound for half an hour, no more), cold (wrap anything from the freezer in a clean cloth and press it). After processing, a sterile bandage is applied.

If you suspect skin diseases, it is better not to treat the affected area with anything, so as not to smear the clinical picture, and look for a clinic where a dermatologist is receiving so that you can immediately do a scraping.

Never use antibiotics without a doctor's prescription! When coughing, give expectorants (warm chest collection, for example), for diarrhea - sorbents (lignin, enterocat, etc.), pain and temperature (above 38.0 for dogs and 38.5 for cats) can be brought down with children's anti-flu (analgin, diphenhydramine, ascorbic acid).

Everything else should be prescribed by the doctor after the examination.

Some cases require mandatory additional research: a blood test for infections, in case of problems with urination - urine analysis, diarrhea-constipation - feces analysis, purulent discharge - a tank. culture and antibiotic susceptibility testing, suspected fracture - x-rays, and so on.

Of course, purulent otitis media can be tried to be removed without analysis by using a broad-spectrum antibiotic, but if "your" microbe turns out to be particularly resistant, then the treatment of otitis media may take MONTHS AND YEARS !!! In case of difficulty urinating, you can prescribe a standard treatment regimen, assuming that the most common pathology in a cat is urolithiasis with the formation of phosphorus salts, but what if in your particular case it is SOMETHING OTHER ?!

Additional research is not a money-pulling tool (although it certainly isn't free), but a necessity. If for some reason you refuse research, then blame yourself if the treatment is delayed.

And finally, about the sad. If your animal is incurable or you do not have the opportunity to treat it (lack of funds, a seriously ill person in the house, etc.), then decide for yourself - will you try to cure the animal to the last or decide to put it to sleep. The doctor can give his recommendations: "In this case, the operation gives a 50% guarantee of recovery", or "Unfortunately, your animal is incurable. It is already suffocating, and at any moment, convulsions, pain attacks may begin", or "With this disease can be dealt with, but daily injections are needed for two weeks. " The decision is yours. The doctor has no right to persuade you either to euthanasia or to refuse it.

Unfortunately, often the owners, not having the ability or desire to treat the animal, want the doctor to persuade them to euthanize. Apparently, this is easier to justify before your conscience … Understand, this is only your decision.

There are also opposite situations - the owners are afraid to go to a doctor, because they are sure that they will be refused treatment (an old animal, a tumor, etc.), otherwise they will be put to sleep without their consent. There is no such thing! No one will snatch your favorite dog out of your hands and drag it off to kill. Yes, the doctor can say that in this case, treatment is pointless, but he should prescribe treatment if you insist on it. Another issue is that you may be asked to write a receipt that the doctor is not responsible for the death of the animal as a result of surgery or conservative treatment, if the doctor believes that the animal cannot tolerate it.

I wish you read this article, remember everything and never get into a situation where you might need it! Let no one get sick, neither people nor animals!