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Video: Vermicomposters To Create Fertile Soil
2023 Author: Sebastian Paterson | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 20:34
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Vermiculture as a culture
Each person at least once, but thought about what products we use. There are more and more genetically modified foods in our country. Foreign and our manufacturers began to add various chemical additives to the cultivation of crops, thereby lowering the quality of products and destroying fertile lands. Therefore, every year the number of gardeners who want to grow organic vegetables, herbs and fruits for their families on their backyard increases. But since using one land is not enough for this, you need to think about the soil mixture.
How to make a fertile mixture?
It is very simple: it is necessary to add a little sand and organic fertilizer (vermicompost) to the soil - at the rate of 1 kg of sand and 5 kg of vermicompost per square meter of the bed. Where to get vermicompost? You can buy, or you can recycle your household organic waste into vermicompost, which is much better in quality than bought in a store. You need to use a mini-farm or vermicompost for this. You can put it anywhere: in the kitchen, on the balcony, in the garden, in the yard, in the garage and other places convenient for you. Moreover, in the process of processing, no unpleasant odors emanate from the mini-farm. In Western Europe, the USA and Australia, a wide variety of vermicomposters are produced for the recycling of organic waste at home.
They are plastic containers of rectangular or round shape with lids and double bottom. In the inner bottom there are holes for the drainage of excess moisture, which is removed through a tap located in the wall of the lower container of the vermicompost. Worm composters are a great way to convert organic kitchen waste into a highly nutritious soil conditioner. Plus, it's fun and the whole family can easily be involved in the process. The compost worms, with the help of which the vermicompost works, are unique processors of food waste. With the help of the worms inside the composter, you can turn food waste into 100% organic fertilizer, which will really please houseplants, horticultural crops and vegetables.
There are many types of earthworms, but you need compost worms, better known as red, blue and tigers. They live in an environment rich in decaying organic waste. These worms have a great appetite and multiply quickly, which is very important because you want your kitchen waste to be eaten as quickly as possible. The nature of compost worms allows them to be grown in artificial conditions, that is, in vermicomposters, where the moisture, aeration and the amount of feed are optimally and constantly maintained. Other types of earthworms are not suitable for this, since when they reach a certain number, they will "migrate" from the vermicompost.
How does a vermicompost work?
The worms absorb food waste and turn it into a dark soil-like material with a pleasant earthy scent known as coprolite or vermicompost. They also produce an extract or liquid called vermicelli. Vermicompost and vermicelli, which must be diluted 10 times with water (1:10), are excellent organic fertilizers for any garden and vegetable garden. After using them, you yourself will see exceptional results in color, quality and quantity of all your fruits, vegetables, flowers and ornamental plants.
After you purchase and install a vermicomposter at home or on the site, you need to populate about 1000 adult worms in it (we recommend a stable population of 5000 worms of different ages) for it to start working. It is believed that compost worms eat up everything that was once alive. This list includes: leftover vegetables, fruit and vegetable peels, tea and tea bags, as well as coffee grounds, dust from a vacuum cleaner, hair and hair of animals after shearing, torn newspapers, packing cartons for eggs, milk or pizza, shredded eggshells (this will help maintain the desired pH balance). The more varied the material you use, the better coprolite will be. Sprinkle a handful of soil over your food scraps each time you feed the worms, and add one teaspoon of garden dolomite flour once a week.
Children love to watch how the worms grow, feed and reproduce: for them it is a visual imitation of natural processes that are invisible in an urban environment. The vermicomposter is simple and convenient as a juicer, it does not smell and does not attract unwanted insects. This household appliance is quite capable of solving serious problems of waste disposal on a large scale of the city. And on the scale of one family, these worms can make a person's life much neater and more organic.
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