Table of contents:
Video: The Use Of Herbal Preparations To Combat Pests And Diseases Of Horticultural And Horticultural Crops
2023 Author: Sebastian Paterson | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 20:34
Harvest without chemicals
In garden plots, pesticides are not the only things that help protect crops from pests and diseases. To this end, we offer you a number of tips on the use of environmentally friendly products made from plants.
To create a kind of "drug bank", raw materials can be dried for future use by storing them in paper or cloth bags. For the destruction of gnawing and sucking pests, decoctions and infusions are used, separated from plant residues. Treatments are best done in the evening or early in the morning, repeating them at intervals of 7-10 days. Since herbal preparations are active only in direct contact with insects, in order to improve adhesion to leaves in infusions and decoctions before spraying, it is necessary to add loose soap at the rate of 8-10 tablespoons per 10 liters of solution. Such formulations can be used both for disinfecting seeds and for spraying plants of different ages.
× Gardener's handbook Plant nurseries Stores of goods for summer cottages Landscape design studios
In particular, for pre-sowing disinfection, it is recommended to soak the seeds for 6 hours in aloe juice diluted with water (1: 1). After that, they are washed with clean water to restore flowability and dried. Aloe juice is also effective in the fight against spider mites on plants. For this, 150 g of crushed leaves are poured into 1 liter of water, infused for 7 hours, filtered and sprayed 3 times after 5 days.
Marigolds, which are widespread and beloved by many growers, help to get rid of aphids on berry fields. In this case, fresh or dry crushed plants are placed in an enameled 10-liter bucket (1/2 bucket), top up with warm water to the brim and infused for two days. Spraying is carried out only until the first signs of ripening of berries and, if necessary, renew them after harvesting. To protect against nematodes, marigolds are planted next to the protected crop (strawberries, phlox).
It is interesting that, in addition to the main (food) purpose, potatoes and tomatoes are effective defenders of neighbors in the beds from aphids, ticks, herbivorous bugs, cabbage whitebird caterpillars, moths and flies, apple moth, meadow moth, rape sawfly larvae, cruciferous flea beetles, for flea beetles sawfly and moths, against all types of caterpillars. We recommend the following recipes:
- 4 kg of green or 2 kg of dry crushed tops are infused for 4 hours in 10 liters of water, then boiled for 30 minutes over low heat, cooled. Before use, dilute with water in a 1: 1 ratio.
- 2 kg of dry chopped tops are boiled for 1 hour in 3 liters of water. When spraying, you need to take 1 liter of broth for 5 liters of water.
- 400 g of leaves are passed through a meat grinder, insisted for 2-3 hours in a small amount of water. Before processing, the volume of the infusion is adjusted to 10 liters.
- 3.5 kg of tomato tops (leaves, stepsons, stems and even green fruits) are finely cut, pour 10 liters of boiling water, leave for 1 day. Then the contents are rubbed well and filtered through cheesecloth. 2 liters of concentrate are diluted in 10 liters of water. The solution is prepared only on the day of its use. In the fall, you can prepare dry tops of tomatoes and potatoes for future use.
A good effect in the fight against aphids, ticks, and honeydew is given by the use of garlic: 200-300 g of unpeeled cloves are passed through a meat grinder, pour 10 liters of water and insist for a day. 2 liters of infusion is diluted in 8 liters of water.
To disinfect the seeds of any vegetable crops, take 25 g of crushed garlic, pour 100 ml of water. The seeds are kept in this mixture in a closed jar for 1 hour, then washed in water and dried.
Bulb onion destroys spider mites and aphids on vegetable and fruit crops. It is also effective against currant kidney moths, gooseberry moths, sawflies, gall midge, kidney mites, leaf rollers, codling moth, honey beetles, scoop caterpillars, slobbery penny. With a weak insect infestation, 1/2 bucket of onion husks is poured to the brim with hot water, insisted for a day. The infusion is diluted twice and used for spraying. Either 100 g of onions + 60 g of onion husks are infused for 6-7 hours in 10 liters of water in a sealed container and immediately used for spraying.
Horseradish, which grows in almost every area, is used against ticks, aphids, and will also rid your beds of fruit rot. Horseradish root infusion can be prepared in two ways:
- Grind 0.5 kg of fresh roots, pour 5 liters of water, mix well, squeeze. The pomace is again poured with 5 liters of water, and the process is repeated. Both extracts are poured together and diluted three times before spraying.
- 0.5 kg of crushed roots are poured into 3 liters of water, insisted for 5 days in a warm, dark place. For spraying, the infusion is diluted in 10 liters of water.
Common tansy, so often found on the sides of roads, is effective against the moth, honeydew, apple blossom beetle, gooseberry moth, strawberry mite, raspberry weevil, raspberry beetle, sawfly, and is also a preventive and curative agent against rust and powdery rust.
700-800 g of dried or 2 - 2.5 kg of fresh stems and inflorescences are placed in a bucket, water is added to the brim. After 2 days, the infusion is boiled for 25-30 minutes and diluted twice with cold water before processing. × Notice board Kittens for sale Puppies for sale Horses for sale
Chamomile will help to get rid of aphids, ticks, small caterpillars, sawfly larvae. Its leaves and inflorescences are ground, poured with water heated to 60-70 ° C (1:10) and infused for 12 hours; dilute three times before spraying.
Large burdock or burdock is effective in the fight against leaf-eating and sucking pests of vegetable crops. Chop fresh green leaves, fill them with 1/2 or 1/3 ten-liter buckets, pour water to the brim, insist for three days. The treatments are repeated 3-4 times with an interval of 7 days.
The infusion of medicinal dandelion destroys aphids, ticks, and honeydew on fruit. To do this, 200-300 g of roots or 400 g of fresh leaves are crushed and insisted for 2-3 hours in 10 liters of warm water (not higher than 40 ° C). The first treatment is carried out on the blossoming buds, the second - immediately after flowering, the subsequent ones - after 10-15 days in the presence of pests. The infusion can be prepared differently: 1 kg of leaves is poured into 3 liters of water, insisted for three days.
An infusion of pine or common spruce helps to get rid of aphids, honey moths, moths, codling moth and other pests. To do this, 2 kg of needles of one-year growth are poured into 8 liters of water and insisted for 5-7 days in the shade, stirring daily. For spraying, 1 liter of infusion is diluted in 10 liters of water.
The second method: put freshly cut branches in a bowl and pour boiling water (1: 1). The infusion can be consumed the next day, after diluting it with water 5 times.
Fruit shrubs can also be sprayed with ready-made coniferous concentrate (50-70 g per 10 l of water) at the beginning and end of flowering, and cherries, starting from flowering, after 7-9 days, the entire period of appearance of butterflies and pupae. The apple tree is processed immediately after flowering, repeating the processing at weekly intervals for a month.
Against the gray rot of strawberries, before the berries ripen, the soil is mulched with needles.
As you can see, knowledge of the peculiarities of the diversity of the plant world, a wide range of its properties will allow you to clear your garden and vegetable garden of unwanted guests. This requires observation and attentiveness to your green pets from early spring to late autumn. Good luck to you!
Protecting vegetable crops without chemicals
How to use herbal preparations to combat diseases and pests of vegetables and fruit crops. Herbal decoction recipes
Caring for the seedlings of turnip consists in the timely implementation of measures to combat pests and diseases, in loosening the soil between rows and in rows, in removing weeds, thinning at a distance of 3-4 cm in places where plants are thickened, in watering as needed and in 1- 2 dressings
Clematis has fungal, viral, bacterial and physiological diseases. The most dangerous disease that can destroy the entire collection is wilting or wilt caused by microscopic fungi. The most common are verticillary and fusarium wilting
Medicine refers to influenza as an acute respiratory illness. From the moment of infection to the first manifestations of the disease, it can take from several hours to a day. The best way to avoid this disease is prevention. But still, if you feel a painful condition, then the first thing to do is to stop any food and prepare a medicinal solution
How To Use Herbal Preparations To Combat Diseases And Pests Of Vegetables And Fruit Crops. Herbal Decoction Recipes
In order to combat pests and plant diseases, we offer you herbal infusions and decoctions that are safe for humans, compared to persistent and potent pesticides
In home gardening conditions, in addition to chemical, mechanical and biological methods, decoctions and infusions of some plants with insecticidal and acaricidal properties are used to protect garden crops from pests