Video: What To Do In The Garden And Vegetable Garden In August
August in our region practically ends the season of hard work for gardeners. This season, for many of them, this month is the last hope to wait for summer and improve the condition of those crops that from May to July experienced constant stress: severe frosts, a long period of cool and rainy weather.
It is August that generously presents the harvest of heat-loving crops - tomatoes, peppers and especially cucumbers. The exuberant flowering of all flowers, perennial and annual, continues to delight.
However, there is still a lot of urgent work to get a decent harvest of most crops, especially vegetables and potatoes.
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Prolonged inclement weather during June-July led to a violent flourishing of fungal diseases: on potatoes - late blight, on cabbage - bacteriosis, on onions - downy mildew, on table beets - cercosporia, on carrots - Alternaria (black rot), on peas - powdery mildew, on beans - bacteriosis. Severe damage is also observed on fruit and berry crops: scab is rampant on an apple tree and pear, coccomycosis and moniliosis on cherries and plums, powdery mildew and anthracnose on currants and gooseberries, and gray rot on raspberries and strawberries.
Gardeners who have implemented protective measures since early spring have largely reduced the damage from these fungal diseases.
However, in August, it is necessary to perform spraying against diseases and pests. If this is not done, then the harvest that was obtained this season with hard work will be of poor quality and not suitable for autumn-winter storage.
August in our region is the beginning of the harvest season. That is why it is necessary to choose the optimal time for harvesting crops that will need to be stored. These include: potatoes, pumpkin, squash, onion, garlic. The rainy, cool weather delayed the maturation of these crops, delaying the harvest time. However, in many areas, due to waterlogging and infection with fungal diseases, the growing season, that is, the growth of the vegetative mass and the outflow of nutrients into the bulbs, tubers, fruits, has practically ended. This means that overexposure to crops that have stopped growing in the field can lead to secondary infection with fungal diseases that live in the soil: various types of scab, rhizoctonia, black leg, ring rot, Alternaria, sclerotinia and others.
That is why, as soon as good sunny weather is established, it is necessary to quickly start harvesting, first of all, winter garlic and onions, then early potatoes, all varietal potato plantings, at the end of the month - squash and pumpkins. But remember that for the autumn-winter storage of zucchini and pumpkins, it is necessary to take fruits that have remained on the plant for at least 25-30 days. Unripe fruits are not suitable for long-term storage. They can only be used for recycling.
At the beginning of the month, it is necessary to carry out the last pinching and pinching of all shoots with unblown tomato flowers. This event will accelerate the ripening of the set flowers and avoid damage to the fruit by late blight. To keep the fruits of tomatoes from rot, especially in this season, they are removed selectively brown, whitened and even green and ripened in a lighted, warm, dry and ventilated room.
At the end of August, the fruiting of cucumbers ends in greenhouses and shelters. After the last harvest, these structures can be used to grow radishes, lettuce and dill.
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August is a month not only for the collection of most vegetable and berry crops, but also for their preparation for future use: freezing, salting, pickling and canning.
Mass flowering of all annual and perennial flowers continues in the gardens. In terms of the abundance of flowers, August is the richest month. Don't miss the time to harvest annual seeds.
Gardeners need not to waste time for planting a new crop, especially garden strawberries, which must be freed from weeds, whiskers in time, loosened up, fertilized and treated against pests and diseases.
Caring for cabbage and root crops (carrots, beets, radishes) continues. If cabbage moth and scoops are found on cabbage, you can also make treatment with Iskra or Confidor preparations. Root crops should, in addition to weeding, be thinned and fed with potash fertilizer to ensure good filling and further normal storage.
A very important work that needs to be completed in August - preparation of basements, caissons, pits - first of all, disinfection. There are several ways: for 2-3 days, the premises are gassed, burning sulfur bombs at the rate of 50 g per 1 m² of storage, and the floor and walls are treated with bleach (400 g per 10 l of water). All kinds of storages must be dried.
The creation of their own composts is going on intensively: manure-peat or manure-earthen, which must be shoveled, made layered: a layer of manure, a layer of peat, a layer of grass, etc. The thickness of the layers is arbitrary, 20-40 cm. It is very good if you add superphosphate or dolomite flour to the manure layer - 1% of the weight of the manure. All this must be well tamped, and it is not necessary to cover it with a film so that there is air exchange. This will allow you to get an excellent organic fertilizer that can be used in spring for all crops.
Those gardeners who use green manure as an organic fertilizer should prepare for sowing winter rye, because it is one of the best in its qualities. In addition to enriching the soil with the main nutrients, rye can reduce the incidence of potatoes with rhizoctonia, black leg, common scab, effectively fight vascular bacteriosis and cabbage keel, and reduce the harmfulness of nematodes on strawberries and potatoes. The best time for sowing winter rye in the Leningrad Region is the end of August. The optimal sowing time ensures good autumn development and wintering of winter rye.