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Video: Blooming Hedge (part 1)
How to form a flowering hedge in the garden, which plants are suitable for it
A real modern amateur gardener can no longer imagine his existence without some curiosity planted in his area. Garden miracles, it seems, have already tried everything, there are also various fruit and berry plantings, but the demand for the miracles of decorative cultures is just gaining momentum.
Of course, not all such plants from their widest variety can grow in the harsh Russian climate. This is depressing, but there have always been craftsmen in Russia who can surprise their neighbors by making something truly unusual out of something quite simple. There are such craftsmen among gardeners, and their simple miracle is called, for example, a
How to create a hedge
Let's talk in more detail about such a "structure". A blooming hedge is not just a banal decoration of a part of the garden, it can be used to decorate absolutely any part of it, and will grow well everywhere, except, perhaps, only in places located in depressions or where melt or rain water stagnates.
A flowering hedge, in addition to "decoration", can also fulfill quite everyday roles - to be protection from uninvited guests or the cold north wind, and also serve as a shade for plants that are harmed by direct sunlight.
To create such a hedge, the ideal option would be to use climbing plants such as climbing roses or clematis. They have very beautiful and fragrant flowers that can surprise even the most fastidious and skeptical person. Naturally, these crops will not be able to form such a vegetative mass as they form in the southern regions, but if more branched plants, such as Siberian apple, Tatar maple or field maple, are used as a supporting basis for them, and on top of them let the climbing plants, the effect will be amazing.
However, such a composition is too massive. It is quite possible to form much more modest hedge structures, such as hawthorn or thuja. The appearance of such a hedge will be no less spectacular.
Letters can also serve as a good accent for the foreground of a hedge, they will delight the eye all season, and perennials can be "woven" into a flowering hedge in such a way that they will bloom constantly, just changing each other.
It is no less important than choosing flowering plants, choosing spectacular plants that will look appropriate against the background of a green wall. There are many such combinations. Combinations of dark coniferous plants and light-colored or silvery plants, for example, wormwood, look just perfect. Plants that have blue or blue flowers, like those of a delphinium, as well as tall bells, cornflowers will ideally harmonize with the plain background of yellow-coniferous or yellow-leaved plant species.
A special, unique charm will give your garden hedges made of thuja, cotoneaster or hawthorn, which are ideally combined with flowering climbing plants. Quite unpretentious and do not require much maintenance, hedges using honeysuckle, clematis or another similar plant.
But do not think that forming a hedge is a trifling matter. In fact, this process is rather complicated and lengthy. Such structures will require further serious care, which consists in regular haircuts, as well as in sanitary pruning.
Before you start creating hedges on your site, you need to know that they are divided by height. Low hedges are no more than 50 cm high, medium hedges reach up to a meter in height, and high hedges can reach two or more meters.
Most often, low hedges are used only for decorative purposes, they are so small that they serve as curbs, while medium and high hedges can already be used as fences.
Planting and caring for plants
It all starts, of course, with the landing, and the landing - with the timing. The timing of laying a flowering hedge depends directly on the biology of your chosen crop. However, for the vast majority of plants, the optimal planting time is spring, at which time the soil and air are already warm, the soil is saturated with moisture in abundance.
Pre-planting soil preparation begins with marking the site. To do this, they take pegs and twine, with their help they mark a straight line of the length you need, dig a trench along it, the depth of which is often equal to the full bayonet of a shovel. Before planting seedlings in this trench, it is advisable to introduce organic matter in the form of humus, manure or compost, as well as a little mineral fertilizers - preferably nitrophoska, superphosphate, dolomite flour or potassium sulfate. All these fertilizers must be mixed with the ground and backfilled into the trench. In this way, you will form a nutritious basis for a flowering hedge. Only after doing this preparatory work can you begin planting. After planting seedlings, the soil must be compacted, mulched with humus and watered abundantly.
Further care for the hedge primarily includes feeding. Flowering shrubs are especially demanding on the increased nutritional value of the soil.
Top dressing is usually started on the second pod after planting, and the optimal time for this is spring. In addition to top dressing, periodic soil mulching should also be carried out. Rotten manure, flower soil or peat can be used as mulch. All this is available for sale.
It is best to mulch the soil immediately after watering. By the way, about watering - the soil moisture must be monitored throughout the growing season. Regular and abundant watering is required. But, when watering, for example, from a hose, when the water jet is strong enough, it is necessary to ensure that the roots do not erode, this can lead to the death of plants.
In addition to watering, one of the most important activities for the care of a hedge is its haircut. The first time a haircut is applied in the second or third year after planting, such a haircut enhances the tillering of the bush, and also stimulates the active growth of shoots.
It must be remembered that trimming flowering hedges is very different from that of a regular hedge. In ornamental plants, it is recommended to carry out apical and lateral shearing, leveling the shoots along the entire length of the hedge, while for a flowering hedge, annual sanitary pruning is sufficient, which consists in removing shoots, shoots that are too thin or weakened, broken or dried branches. In addition, flowering hedge plants need to be trimmed from the sides annually. This procedure is best done only after the end of flowering plants.
If your hedge is growing slower than you'd like, you can try a method that speeds up the growth of your plants a little. To do this, it is necessary to carry out pruning, which excludes the apex cutting, trimming is performed only on the sides, and the tops grow freely. By resorting to such pruning, you will get a more active growth of the hedge in height, while the plants take on an original look. It is achieved through a combination of perfectly aligned side lines and naturally growing tops that can even start to frizz.
The end is followed by
Candidate of Agricultural Sciences,
Researcher, Department of Berry Crops,
GNU VNIIS im. I. V. Michurina,
member of the R&D Academy
Photo by E. Valentinov