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Video: Using Wood Structures In Garden Design
Lattices and screens are a staple in Renaissance gardens. They were popular throughout the eighteenth century. Their popularity revived at the end of the nineteenth century, but never reached the size of earlier times. Garden trellises can be fantastic. It is important that they are collapsible. They are provided with a fan-shaped support to accommodate climbing plants. Lattices are arranged both near the house and in the center of the garden, near the trees. Newbie gardeners who lack information and do not suspect what an incredible variety of shapes and patterns can be created from trellises and trellises.
Screens and trellises are a great way to create privacy and decorate any space. The slatted bars obstruct the view from the outside, but create the effect of a sheer curtain. A quite decent, attractive look is created by lattice screens in the form of a wide canvas, square or rectangular, covered with vines or decorative baskets with flowers.
In most cases, when the garden plots are small and do not allow to arrange flower beds, decoration is provided by the construction of wooden structures - trellis, pergolas, gazebos, arches, lattices on the facade of buildings to mask walls and fences, unattractive buildings, benches. These structures can play a significant role in increasing the design merits, ensuring the practical use of the site area.
Of the garden structures, the most difficult are the pergola and the gazebo, which create a kind of green rooms. They are attached to the wall of the house or set separately as a canopy on wooden or stone pillars, and instead of a roof, longitudinal and transverse beams are used. The pergola is three meters wide. Their length and height are determined taking into account the capabilities of the site. When choosing the size, the fact that in the finished form, braided by plants, the structure visually appears lower and narrower is certainly taken into account. The pergola can also serve as the main tunnel-like walking path. Comfortable seats are arranged here. The classic pergola is usually abundantly covered with flowers.
The gazebo is a traditional garden structure with a roof open from the sides. The shape of the pavilions is arbitrary, as long as the supports do not fail, they hold the weight of the growing green mass. The arbors are often covered with wild grapes or honeysuckle. In the south, they are often decorated with edible grapes, lemongrass and other outlandish plants. They arrange tea drinking with a samovar, jam, bagels, and have sincere conversations in the fresh air. They allow you to create wonderful traditions that bring together family, friends, people, kindred in spirit and hobbies.
An arch is a structure with a curved, curved or pyramidal top between two supports. This structure provides access to a charming garden room. The arch will decorate the gate, separate one part of the garden from another. Isn't the whole arched tunnel from a series of arches attractive?
Garden trellis. The art of trellis - as they are called in France (a thin lattice, lined with climbing plants) is now not limited only to trellises. With your chosen model, you can cover a bare wall, an unattractive hedge or fence. You can create a painting in the wall by depicting the visual illusion of an archway. They are also used for fencing the rest room. First of all, you need to evaluate the pattern of the lattice in terms of the shape of the grid - do you like it. The trellis can be used at the end of the walking path as a focal point.
A structure made of thin lattices can be of the most unimaginable shape, size and purpose - against a wall, on a lawn, for a mixborder background, and so on. All named structures are built tall. They add attractiveness and importance to the garden's appearance, especially if horizontal objects dominate behind them in a remote part of the garden.
Nowadays, flower decoration is widely used using a variety of wooden structures. Spectacular garden decorations are obtained with decorative perennial climbing plants. In all cases, climbing plants are spread over the wooden base of trellises, covered alleys, trellises. When growing climbing vines for vertical gardening, preference is given to abundantly flowering vines. They look great and provide shade for privacy. To avoid possible disappointments, when creating these structures, it is necessary to more accurately calculate the loads on the structures, the weight of shoots and foliage, and the wind pressure. The frame itself should not be conspicuous. Wooden parts are usually not covered with paint, only treated with hot linseed oil.
Wooden structures create a trendy transition from one part of the garden to another. To cheer up, their wonderful view should be visible from the windows. They quickly make objects look appealing and obscure some details that are unattractive to the eye. Some estate owners, especially in the West, arrange similar structures at the edges of their estates to create the illusion of a continuation of the garden behind them.
The English language is rich in synonyms for garden structures. In literature, pergolas are also known as a colonnade, gallery, veranda, portico or covered gallery. Whatever they are called, these structures play an important role in landscape design. They can serve as a garden fence, separating two spaces. In addition, the beautiful architectural structure, covered with flowering vines, provides a shady refuge in which people can sit comfortably and enjoy the sight of the beautiful plants.
Dying and old trees are usually slightly leafy. Their branches can accommodate luxurious greenery and create a great artistic effect with climbing plants. Bare trunks of large trees are picturesquely draped with maiden grapes and other vines. It is not worth using climbing plants on young and valuable trees (especially tree-nose pliers): their "embrace" turns out to be fatal for the supporting tree, as it leads to its suffocation and death.
The correct position of timber structures is an integral part of the success in shaping the design of the garden. Often, gardeners will erect wooden structures in the middle of the lawn, or enclose lounges with these garden structures, creating an attractive setting. Even to a small extent, but still such landscaping absorbs noise, affects the surrounding temperature and humidity.
Climbing plants for wood structures
There are several ways to attach creepers and climbing plants to wooden structures. Some attach themselves to the support with their antennae or with the help of air roots, thorns or leaf stalks. Others twine around the support in a spiral and are held vertically on it. Some are fixed on their own using suction cups. Those climbing plants that do not cling on their own need to be tied to a support.
In a word, vines serve as an excellent material for the florist for the embodiment of all kinds of fantastic compositions, structural and architectural.
By directing the shoots of climbing plants along supports of various designs, you can get a living carpet on the wall of the house, grow a green room, decorate a gazebo, alley. With their help, it is easy to make any curved lines in curly trellises, pergolas.
For the purpose of decoration, the brightest representatives of vines are used: actinidia, morning glory, aconite, calistegia, adlumia, kvamaklit, atragena, clematis, decorative beans, lemongrass, maiden grapes, nasturtium, Chinese wisteria, climbing roses, curly pumpkin, fragrant peas, climbing hydrangea, multiflower beans, woodworm, hops, virgin jasmine, echinocystis, honeysuckle honeysuckle.