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Video: Living Deciduous Fences
Read the previous part. ← Live fences made of coniferous plants: spruce and thuja
Living Hardwood Fences
When it comes to living fences, many uninitiated people imagine a fence made of deciduous or coniferous trees, systematically trimmed.
However, beautiful living fences can also be formed by freely growing, mainly beautifully flowering trees and ornamental shrubs. Plants of the same species are also often used for living fences. Live fences made of evergreen deciduous trees also paid off.
On the one hand, they form a wall impenetrable to prying eyes throughout the year, and on the other, the even line of such a fence creates the impression of being well-groomed. Finally, the dark green foliage of such plants forms a contrasting background against which other crops look good.
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Such fences evoke a feeling of airiness, are very effective at the time of flowering, and in autumn they are beautiful with variegated foliage. In free garden compositions, they are simply irreplaceable. However, if not trimmed, they tend to take up more space than trimmed deciduous or coniferous fences. It is better to plant taller trees along the fence, and place asymmetric groups of low-growing tree species in front of it. This arrangement of plants will enhance the overall impression of the planting.
In those gardens where we strive to ensure that the plants look natural, as in natural conditions, preference should be given to fences made of uncut, free-growing coniferous and deciduous trees and shrubs. They are spectacular due to their beautiful foliage or needles, sometimes flowers, and create an atmosphere of privacy. For example, on terraces, in recreation areas, in the inner part of the territory.
Carefully selected and thoughtfully placed shrubs will not require too much extra work from you to care for the plantings, but will significantly enhance the overall charm of your garden. However, uncut trees always require significantly more space than trimmed trees.
If a haircut is still needed, then it should be done only once a year - after the end of flowering. The distance between the planting line and the fence itself should not exceed 80-100 cm, and between individual plants for low green fences - 60 cm, for medium-high 80-150 cm, depending on the size of a particular species or variety. The hornbeam is planted according to the following standards: 2-3 plants per meter, and privet per meter, 3-4 plants.
Ornamental shrubs, in addition to the usual care, also need fertilizing with artificial fertilizers at least once a year, which contributes to their faster growth. However, the basis of additional nutrition for them is feeding with well-ripened compost. Promotes the development of shrubs and loosening the soil, which should be carried out from time to time, as well as thorough watering, especially during prolonged drought.
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How to plant hardwood
Deciduous tree species that shed their foliage for the winter are best planted in the ground in the fall, until mid-October, while there is no frost, and in the spring, also depending on the weather, from March to April. More rare plants and evergreen deciduous trees with a high-quality root ball can be planted in a favorable spring until mid-May. This also applies to heather plants.
After planting, the plant should be watered abundantly. Deciduous trees react quickly to moisture intake, so it is easy to see how the plant engraftment process takes place. Subsequently, when caring for the plantings and watering them, it is necessary to take into account the need for moisture in certain species.
We usually plant ornamental shrubs in a row where we want to cover a not-too-beautiful background with greenery as soon as possible, for example, plain walls, or to separate the household part of the garden from the one where we are going to rest.
In some cases, it is possible to plant individual plants randomly in front of a strip of trees or shrubs that cover or separate part of the garden area, as if scattering them across the field, such a planting will soften the strict line of the protective, impenetrable for the view of the green belt.
Not too tall shrubs are usually planted at a distance of 1.5-2 meters from each other, and higher ones are spaced 2-2.5 meters apart. Plants used exclusively for living fences can also be planted at a distance of a meter from each other and even thicker, if, of course, they grow in one row. This arrangement will ensure the rapid appearance of a dense green wall.
Read the next part. Live fences: low, medium and high, plant selection →