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What Does Oak Bark Treat For?
What Does Oak Bark Treat For?

Video: What Does Oak Bark Treat For?

Video: What Does Oak Bark Treat For?
Video: Wild Harvested White Oak Bark For Wounds 2023, March

Grunwald oak in Ladushkin, Kaliningrad region

“By the side of the sea, a green oak …” - everyone remembers these lines of our great poet. Oak in general is often mentioned in fairy tales and epics of the Russian people. In them he is a hero, a mighty giant. Yes, he really is. Remember the famous Mordvinov oaks, which were glorified by I. I. Shishkin.

Since they are located in the suburbs of St. Petersburg, I have been to this clearing several times. They have hardly changed in more than a hundred years. They stand, striking with their powerful trunks and a huge crown, under which there are a scattering of acorns in autumn.

Oak is a valuable tree species, a perennial deciduous plant, often a powerful tree, reaching a height of 40 meters. Oak (Quercus robur) belongs to the Beech family. It is also called English oak, summer oak, English oak.

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It is widespread in the forest and forest-steppe zones of the European part of Russia, there are often oak forests with a predominance of oaks, in more northern regions it is less common, usually in parks and squares.

Oak has many useful qualities. First of all, its wood is appreciated. It is durable, can be stored for a long time, and can withstand heavy loads. I happened to see a bog oak washed out by the spring flood on the Dnieper. Until it cracked from the hot rays of the sun, it seemed that it was not wood, but some strange metal or stone - heavy and hard.

In addition, the best tanning materials are obtained from its bark, acorns are used as fodder for livestock and wild animals. This plant is widely used in landscape design. And those who like to steam appreciate oak brooms.

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One of the Mordvinov oaks

The oak reproduces by its seeds - acorns. In a good year, there are many hundreds of acorns under each large tree. They feed forest dwellers, sometimes they are harvested by forestry for reproduction of this plant. When I was in school, there was a record harvest of acorns in one year.

We, high school students, were taken to a remote oak grove, where the grass under the oak trees was literally strewn with acorns. In a few hours, we collected two trucks of acorns in this forest for a collective farm pig farm. The impression of that oak forest and the gigantic harvest of selected acorns still lives on in the memory, although more than half a century has passed.

Oak grows slowly, especially for the first ten years, not like, for example, aspen or alder, apparently, this explains the density of its wood. But it has stood powerfully on the ground for hundreds of years. The Stelmuzh oak in Lithuania, which has a trunk circumference of 13 meters, is now considered the record holder of longevity! Experts differ in his age. Some give it 700 years, others - up to 2000 years! And also the Grunwald oak growing in the Kaliningrad region. It is over 800 years old.

Therefore, if you decide to grow an oak tree on your estate, this is a commendable business, but only your heirs will see it in its prime. But it is necessary to grow oaks, let them multiply on our land and remain for future generations.

The healing properties of oak


In addition to valuable wood, oak is also useful for its medicinal properties. They are possessed by the bark of young shoots. It contains tannins (up to 20%), flavonoids - quercetin and quercetrin and others, as well as gallic and ellagic acids, flobafen, pentosans, pectins, sugars, mucus, protein substances and starch.

Medicinal raw materials are harvested from young shoots during the period of sap flow - from April to June. Oak bark is dried by spreading it out in a thin layer in well-ventilated rooms. When preparing raw materials, try not to harm this plant - you cannot touch young, gaining strength plants. You can harvest from young branches of old trees. In general, dried oak bark is sold in pharmacies, you need it - you can buy it, it is inexpensive.

Galenic preparations of oak bark (preparations obtained from plant materials by extraction (extraction) - tinctures (alcoholic or aqueous-alcoholic extracts) or extracts) have astringent, anti-inflammatory and anti-rot properties. When galenic preparations of oak or tannin (a tannin contained in the bark) are applied to wounds or mucous membranes, they interact with proteins, resulting in a protective film that protects tissues from local irritation. This delays the inflammation process and reduces pain.

Therefore, oak bark is used as an astringent and anti-inflammatory agent for rinsing the mouth and throat for stomatitis, pharyngitis, gingivitis and others. Oak bark preparations are also recommended for excessive sweating of the feet, bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract, for poisoning with mushrooms, copper and lead salts, for diseases of the liver and spleen.

Decoction of oak bark

For its preparation, two tablespoons of dry raw materials (20 g) are placed in an enamel bowl, poured with a glass (200 ml) of hot boiled water, cover the dishes with a lid and put in a water bath for 30 minutes. Then the broth is cooled for 10 minutes at room temperature, filtered, the raw material is squeezed out. The volume of the resulting broth is topped up with boiled water to the original - 200 ml. The resulting drug can be stored in a cool place for no more than two days.

This broth is used for rinsing - up to eight times a day as an astringent and anti-inflammatory agent for inflammatory diseases of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity, pharynx, pharynx, larynx, gingivitis, stomatitis.

It disinfects mucous membranes, strengthens the gums, and reduces their bleeding. Also, the broth fights bacteria that multiply in the mouth, eliminating bad breath from the mouth.

A decoction of oak bark is used for chronic enterocolitis, inflammation of the urinary tract and bladder.

In folk medicine, such a decoction is used externally for the treatment of patients suffering from chronic purulent ulcers, non-healing wounds, and pustular skin diseases. Also, a decoction of the bark is used for therapeutic baths and wetting tampons in the treatment of dermal diseases.

Infusion of oak bark


Oak bark in the pharmacy

To prepare it, you need to pour one teaspoon of crushed dry raw oak bark with half a liter of boiling water. Wrap the dishes and leave the liquid for at least six hours, and then strain.

The resulting infusion is recommended to be taken in 100 milliliters 3-4 times a day for diarrhea, bleeding and many other diseases. It is also used as a warmed gargle for pharyngitis.

Tincture of oak bark

For its preparation, 30 g of dry crushed bark is placed in glassware, preferably dark in color, and poured with half a liter of vodka. Insist in a dark place for one month, then filter the liquid. Take the tincture three times a day before meals, 20-30 drops orally for the treatment of various inflammatory diseases, for the treatment of diarrhea. Diluted with water, it is used to treat wounds, skin rashes.

Oak bark in the treatment of hemorrhoids

Due to its hemostatic and astringent action, oak bark helps to eliminate the symptoms of hemorrhoids. Douching, baths and lotions help to heal anal fissures, reduce bleeding, and restore the condition of the rectum. Also useful are infusions and decoctions of oak bark and leaves for internal use, herbal remedies from the inside strengthen the body and increase their own defenses.

Also on sale you can find antifungal deodorant foot cream with oak bark extract.

And dried oak bark for self-preparation of decoctions, infusions and tinctures can be purchased at pharmacies. It is packaged in 50 or 75 g bags.


It is not recommended to use preparations with oak bark for pregnant women and nursing mothers, as well as for children under two years old.

Do not use these drugs for more than two weeks in a row.

It is also not recommended to use preparations with oak bark for certain diseases, for example, with thrombophlebitis, with exacerbation of gastrointestinal diseases, with frequent constipation. Seeing a doctor can help you make decisions about taking these drugs.

E. Valentinov

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