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In our time, more and more amateur gardeners and gardeners are appearing - it is pleasant, useful, although not always easy, to tinker with the land. I also count myself among them and try to grow on my site different, including useful plants that are quite rare so far in our places, which are often also medicinal.
I want to tell the readers about some of them. Everyone knows such a popular plant as common
garlic, its characteristic pungent taste and strong smell. It is used everywhere as a vegetable plant in the preparation of pickles, marinades, in the canning and sausage industry, garlic gives products a sharp and spicy taste, a specific aroma.
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However, not everyone uses the healing power of this plant to the full. Possessing many medicinal properties, garlic has been used since ancient times as an effective remedy against scurvy, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, as a diuretic, anthelmintic, in the treatment of malaria, edema, headache, with an enlarged spleen, suffocating cough, bronchial asthma, gallbladder disease. bubble.
With the help of garlic gruel or juice, warts, lichens, eczema are removed. To strengthen hair, garlic juice is rubbed into the skin. With a runny nose, the gruel from the cloves is wrapped in gauze and put into the nostrils for 10-15 minutes in the morning and in the evening. For the prevention of colds, garlic is taken orally with grated apple and honey, or simply swallowed in pieces. Garlic baked in dough is used to treat festering wounds, it is applied instead of mustard plasters for sciatica, sciatica, muscle pain in the lumbar region, for the rapid ripening of abscesses.
Garlic is used to prepare medications that help to improve the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, stimulate cardiac activity, treat hypertension, atherosclerosis, purulent pneumonia, etc. Our family has been growing garlic for a very long time, we grow many different varieties, we plant it both in spring and before winter. I believe that every family should have the opportunity and know how to use the wonderful nutritional and medicinal properties of this wonderful plant.
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We also grow three types of phytolacca (lakonos). This is a medicinal perennial herb up to 1.5 m high.
All parts of the plant are used in folk medicine. An acquaintance of mine cured a benign tumor with lakonos berries. He crushed them into a gruel and covered the growths, changing the gruel as it dries. I took a small amount of berries inside, and after 45 days the wen began to decrease, and on the 85th day it disappeared. A decoction of phytolacca berries helps to lower blood pressure, and a decoction of leaves and roots is a good expectorant, laxative, diuretic, antihelminthic agent.
From the root of the lakonos(from a three-year plant) make an infusion and tincture, which are used to treat laryngitis, follicular tonsillitis, polyarthritis, rheumatism, radiculitis, osteochondrosis. The roots are dug out at the end of October, washed in cold water, crushed and dried in the oven at a temperature of 55 … 60 ° C. For internal use, an infusion is prepared (5 g of dry root per 1 tbsp. Boiling water, take 1 tbsp. L. Three times a day), for external use - a tincture, which is prepared in two ways:
1) pour 1 cup of chopped and dried roots of the lakonos 0.5 liters of vodka or 70 degree alcohol, insist for a week in a warm, dark place.
2) take 0.5 cups of dry crushed root, 1 tbsp. a spoonful of propolis and 0.5 l of alcohol or vodka, leave for 7-10 days in a dark, warm place. Tinctures have analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, they are used externally, rubbing sore spots and for rinsing (1 tablespoon of tincture per 1 glass of warm salted water) for tonsillitis and pharyngitis. To enhance the effect of the tincture, add 0.5 cups of freshly picked or 2 tablespoons of dried white lilac flowers. For pain in the joints, the tincture is prepared in kerosene or sunflower oil (1 glass of kerosene or oil and 0.5 cups of lakonos roots).
mad cucumber or
prickly fruit grows well … It is a perennial herb with creeping stems. The leaves are large, lobed, covered with stiff hairs, the flowers are bright yellow. The thorny greenish fruits of this plant resemble small cucumbers. By the time of ripening, great pressure arises in them, and even with a light touch, the fruit "explodes", and the seeds surrounded by mucus scatter in all directions at a distance of about 12 m.
The prickly plant blooms in July, August, the fruits ripen in August - September. Distributed in the Mediterranean, in southern and eastern Europe, in Asia Minor and Central. Crazy cucumber has strong laxative, diuretic, antihelminthic properties. In medical practice, infusion of herbs and juice of unripe fruits are used as a strong diuretic for renal edema, especially for dropsy, jaundice, viral hepatitis. In folk medicine, mad cucumber preparations are used as an antihelminthic agent.
For medicinal purposes, the aerial part is harvested during flowering. The stems are cut into pieces and dried in the shade. The raw material is considered ready if the stems do not bend when bent, but break. The whole plant is poisonous, so treatment is carried out on the recommendation and under the supervision of a doctor. It is grown in the warmest and sunniest area, as usually in central Russia the fruits do not have time to ripen.
Valery Brizhan, experienced gardener,
Photo by Olga Rubtsova and E. Valentinov