Orchids At The III Winter Festival Of Orchids And Other Exotic Plants
Orchids At The III Winter Festival Of Orchids And Other Exotic Plants

Video: Orchids At The III Winter Festival Of Orchids And Other Exotic Plants

Video: Orchids At The III Winter Festival Of Orchids And Other Exotic Plants
Video: Krull Smith Winter Orchid Festival Jan 2021 Фестиваль Орхидей в питомнике Крул Смит, Флорида Янв2021 2023, March
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From late December to mid-March the III Winter Festival of Orchids and Other Exotic Plants was held in Moscow. Its location, as in previous years, was the Palm Greenhouse of the oldest botanical institution in Russia - the Aptekarsky Ogorod (a branch of the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University at Prospekt Mira, 26). It was founded more than 300 years ago - in 1706 - by order of Peter the Great himself.

Orchid
Orchid

Compared to the two previous festivals, the number of plants exhibited within the framework of this event has significantly increased and exceeded one thousand copies. Basically, these were beautiful orchids, which are rightfully considered the most attractive and unusual plants in protected ground. Despite the exoticism, Orchids are the most extensive and widespread family of the plant kingdom (about 800 genera and 35 thousand species inhabiting all continents, with the exception of Antarctica). Scientists in the tropics discover up to 200 new orchid species every year. But not everything is so rosy. Mass deforestation of tropical forests leads to a reduction in the number of orchid species, and in Russia many orchids (outwardly not as luxurious as in the tropics) are protected as endangered species and are included in the Red Data Books of various levels. Now with tropical orchids, extensive selection work is underway: as a result of intraspecific and interspecific hybridization, a huge number of varieties have been obtained, which are mainly common in indoor culture.

Orchid
Orchid

I am not a specialist in orchids, but among those that were presented at the festival, I managed to find out the most popular ones - phalaenopsis, cymbidiums, wandas, dendrobiums, pafiopedilums (shoes), cambria, oncidiums, odontoglossums, zygopetalums, vanilla (dried fruits of the latter as the spice of the same name). Their flowers varied greatly in size (from 1 to 15 cm in diameter), in number on one plant and had the most incredible shapes and colors (white, various shades of pink, red, crimson, burgundy, yellow, orange, green, brown, blue, purple, lilac, monochrome, bicolor or multicolored, with various spots, stripes, strokes or strokes, polka dots or mesh). There were also differences in the size of the plants, in the shape, texture, arrangement and color of the leaves. At the festival, everyone could seethat orchids are a beautiful and mysterious world that contains many surprises, mysteries and amazing discoveries.

In the greenhouse space, orchids were located either singly or in picturesque groups - monochrome or not. Some specimens were suspended in moisture-saturated air, others were placed on tree trunks, stands, shelves, or were dug into the soil directly in pots.

Bromeliads
Bromeliads

The second place in the number of species, hybrids and varieties presented at the winter festival was taken by the Bromeliad family. Here one could see the most common genera in room culture - vriezia, guzmania, neoregelia, nidularium, ehmeya, pineapple (for those who do not know, I will clarify that this is not a palm tree at all, but a herbaceous plant up to 1 m tall). In terms of the variety of shapes and colors (red, yellow, green, less often - blue tones), of course, they were inferior to orchids, but they were still good.

Of undoubted interest among the visitors were carnivorous plants (sundews, Venus flytraps, nepentes, sarracenia), feeding on insects and still rarely found in indoor culture. Also, the interior of the greenhouse was decorated with other evergreen decorative representatives of the flora: multi-colored anthuriums, medinilla, poinsettia, strelitzia, takka. The latter, for its gloomy, unusual shape, is called a black lily and a bat.

The permanent inhabitants of the greenhouse - various types of powerful secular palms, a bicentennial specimen of a cycad, monstera, coffee, cocoa, avocado and many other representatives of the flora created the feeling of a real tropical forest, under the canopy of which enthusiastic visitors strolled leisurely. The show of orchids and other exotic plants is over. However, in just a few months it will start again …

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