Video: Pachyphytum (Pachyphytum) - An Interesting Succulent For Sunny Premises, Types And Features Of Cultivation
2023 Author: Sebastian Paterson | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-07-30 21:03
An interesting decorative succulent for rooms with windows on the sunny side. According to the horoscope, the zodiac sign Cancer (June 22-July 22) includes plants: modest agraonema, Mason's begonia, hybrid fuchsia, bush peperomias (silver, ivy, wrinkled), cotyledon wavy, haworthia pearl, gasteria warty, echeveria (Derenberg, gray, bristly, humpback-flowered), Kalanchoe (felt, Bekhara), sedum (thick-leaved, red-colored, Morgana, Adolphus), young (cobweb, malignant), calamus agave (American, filamentous), aloe (tree-like, spinous, squat, variegated) and oviparous pachyphytum.
Natural climatic conditions of growth of representatives of the genus Pachyphytum (family Crassulaceae) - desert landscapes of America. These plants are characterized by shortened stems and obovate (or almost round), oval in cross section, strongly thickened leaves of a grayish-white color (waxy bloom shadows are silvery, and in bright light - pinkish) and red flowers.
Pachyphytums - perennial light-loving succulents - are placed indoors on windows with a southern orientation, even their location is permissible where they can stay in direct sunlight for a long time. For these plants, access to fresh air is desirable, although they tolerate dry air quite well.
In the summer, pachyphytum can be taken out into the open air (on a balcony or loggia). Even in the summer, relatively moderate watering is practiced (but more frequent if the plant is placed in the sun and the room is hot enough). Excess moisture in the soil is undesirable even during the active growing season (May-August).
In winter, watering is extremely rare (very careful); winter temperature should be within 11 … 14 ° С. In a cool location at this time, some growers even refrain from watering (of course, if there is a good root system).
However, it should be noted that, although the plant normally tolerates the temperature of heated rooms, too warm conditions with low air humidity still negatively affect the formation of flowers. They are fed only in summer, monthly, using fertilizers suitable for cacti. When replanting, a soil mixture (pH 4.5 … 6) is prepared from equal parts of leaf and clay-sod soil, gravel and sand (you can add a small amount of peat and lime).
Pachyphytum is propagated in spring and summer by leaf cuttings and lateral shoots, much less often by seeds. It seems to some growers that pachyphytum is easy to propagate by cuttings, but this opinion, in my opinion, is not true.
This culture is considered a somewhat difficult to root plant. Before rooting, its cuttings must be dried for 7-8 days. This is done for the reason that, due to the high water content, its thick, succulent leaves easily rot, so the cuts need such a long drying time and some scarring of the wound. The stalk is planted in the soil only with its very tip. At the same time, it is strengthened in an upright position with some kind of support. They try to avoid excessive moisture of the substrate, but they do not allow it to dry out too much.
This February we had to observe a sad picture, when, during rooting, they not only watered pachyphytum cuttings abundantly, but also covered them with a glass container. As expected, the lower part of all plants "amicably" rotted.
Therefore, I will remind you once again: pachyphytum is very afraid of waterlogging of the soil substrate both in winter and in summer. Experts consider it a plant that is resistant to diseases and pests. Of course, if the normal conditions of detention are observed.
In home floriculture, pachyphytum is perfect for creating succulent gardens, with knowledge of its cultivation, this is a completely unpretentious ornamental plant. Of the eight known species of it, the most prominent representatives of this genus for our window sills are considered: egg-bearing pachyphytum (Pachyphytum oviferum GAPurp.), Dense pachyphytum (Pachyphytum compactum Rose) and bracts pachyphytum (Pachyphytum bracteosum Line, Klotz et Otto). Of these, the first type is more common on sale. The homeland of this group of pachyphytum species is called arid rocky areas in Mexico.
Pachyphytum oviparous (San Luis Potosi area) has an erect stem at an early stage of development, later it takes on the appearance of a creeping (about 1 cm in diameter) with leaf scars. Leaves (3-5 cm long, 1.8-3 cm wide, 10-16 mm thick) are obovate, gray-blue with a waxy bloom and pinkish tinge, especially on young leaves.
Peduncle 5-15 cm long grows almost at the very top of the outlet. The flowers are greenish-white bell-shaped, drooping, with pink specks, covered with a bluish-white calyx. Bloom in July. The pachyphytum blooms for a long time, while the flowers open in turn, starting from the lower ones. As a rule, egg-bearing pachyphytum does not set seeds at home.
The dense (compact) pachyphytum has an erect stem up to 18 cm high, lodging with age. Leaves (4 cm
long, 1 cm wide and 9-12 mm thick) are cylindrical, pointed at the end, with pronounced edges, located along the entire length of the stem. They are dark green with a gray waxy bloom that does not completely cover the leaf, but with stains, resulting in the appearance of a marble pattern.
In older leaves, the tip sometimes turns slightly red. In spring, a curl inflorescence up to 40 cm in height with 3-10 hanging flowers 1 cm long appears. The corolla of a flower (bell-shaped) is formed by reddish-orange petals with blue tips, sepals are pink or green. In flower growers, this species is much less common than others, since in a potted culture the plant blooms poorly, and in winter it often loses some of its leaves.
Bracts pachyphytum is characterized by an erect stem with a diameter of about 2 cm, higher than in previous species - up to 30 cm and above. Leaves 4-11 cm long, 2.5-5 cm wide, 3-10 mm thick, obovate, are located in the upper part of the stem. They have a strong waxy coating; turn slightly pink in direct sunlight.
With age, the lower part of the stem of the bracts pachyphytum becomes bare, and a well-defined scar remains at the place of leaf attachment. Peduncle about 40 cm long grows from the leaf axil closer to the top of the stem. It contains flowers with reddish petals and 10 stamens, with yellow anthers. It blooms for a long time - from August to November, but flowers are not tied to seeds.
Sometimes pachyveria is on sale, which arose as a result of the crossing of pachyphytum and echeveria. This succulent has sharp leaves at the ends, collected in more compact rosettes than pachyphytum, and the flowers have all shades from red to white.
Celery is the most ancient plant originating from the Mediterranean, North Caucasus, North Africa, Europe, spread all the way to Sweden. At least it is still found here in the wild. Even before our era, this plant was used as a medicinal, decorative or ritual. Later it began to be used as a spicy-aromatic culture. In Europe in the XV-XVII centuries, celery is increasingly being introduced into culture. In Russia, it appeared in the 18th century, but never received a wide
We have been growing lettuce on our site for a long time, we started with varieties such as Moscow Greenhouse, Berlin Yellow, Festivalny, there were other varieties, but recently varieties with very beautiful carved, corrugated leaves, more resistant to flowering, and fruitful, have appeared. Among them, we gave preference to leaf and head varieties
In the grocery store, you can often find cute, bleached dense "heads" of fennel. However, I am sure that few people know what kind of vegetable it is, how it is useful and how to cook it. Let's get to know this rare plant so far
This very rare kind of apricot - black apricot - is a spontaneous hybrid between common apricot and cherry plum. In culture, it is found in the countries of Western and Central Asia, Transcaucasia, as well as Western Europe and the USA. It has not been found in the wild
Of course, all kinds of forget-me-nots are not used in culture. Only a few are in the greatest demand, and first of all, the Alpine forget-me-not. It is a perennial plant, with low bushes, in the center of which dark blue flowers bloom