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Video: Types Of Ficuses
According to the horoscope, the zodiac sign Capricorn (December 22-January 20) corresponds to plants:
- dracaena deremskaya and fragrant;
- yucca elephant;
- fan palms (squat hamerops, Fortune trachikarpus, Chinese Livistona, Washingtonia threadbearing);
- the fat woman is silvery and sickle-shaped ("money tree", "monkey tree");
- laurel noble;
- coniferous crops;
- ficus (rubber, Bengal, Benjamin, lyre);
- "living stones" (falsely chopped lithopsis, Fuller's, salt-resistant, testicular argyroderma, Margaret's lapidary, Friedrich's conophytum).
Ficuses are different
In addition to the sacred (religious) ficus, which we talked about in the last issue, there are many more types of ficus, among which you can choose a considerable number for keeping in room conditions. They differ in leaves, which are very diverse both in appearance (leathery, shiny or velvety due to pubescence of hairs), and in the shape of the plate (simple, lobed, deeply lobed, dissected).
The ficus banyan tree (rubbery or elastic) (Ficus elastica Roxb.) Is best known among flower growers - it is more often than other species used as a pot or tub culture. He is one of the oldest species in the culture of home floriculture. But in indoor conditions, it is capable of reaching a fairly large size. Elastica has large dark green leaves (up to 20-25 cm long and 10 cm wide) with a pronounced median vein. Young leaves are twisted into tubes and covered with reddish stipules. There are forms with variegated leaves, decorated with white and yellow spots, but they are characterized by high light-requiring.
Maybe someone will find this thin-stemmed densely leafy plant not particularly elegant, it is not difficult to grow it, but if it is formed in a timely manner, then it can really turn out to be a worthy decoration of the room. Since the ficus rarely branches voluntarily, the top is cut off: after this procedure, a crown will begin to form. After the old leaves fall from the trunk, the branches are covered with young ones. It turns out quite a decent ornamental plant. This ficus is also called rubber (rubber, elastic), since it contains a thick white juice, from which rubber was made before the discovery of the Brazilian rubber-hevea.
Rusty ficus (F. Ribiginosa) - Australian - a frequent inhabitant of rooms at the end of the 18th century, but now rarely found among amateurs. It has much in common with "elastica", characterized by smaller leaves and greater endurance. It has reddish young shoots, leaves (10-12 cm in size) with a sharp tip and a rounded base. From above they are smooth, and from below they are covered with tomentose pubescence of a brown shade. It does not take root well by cuttings; it is better to practice its propagation by air layers. It tolerates temperatures as low as 8 ° C and is suitable for winter gardens.
In the last decade, the ficus Benjamina ("birch") (F.benjamina) has become a serious "competitor" in popularity among flower growers for ficus- elastica. This is a short tree with thin branches and leathery glossy leaves (with slightly wavy edges) of a delicate salad color on long petioles.
Mountain ficus (F. Montana) (shrub up to 1.5 m high) is notable for its hard-hairy climbing branches and leaves that resemble oak. It looks especially good if you place it in group compositions.
It is impossible not to mention the ficus lyre (violin) (F.lyrata) (originally from the tropics of North Africa), which has large (up to half a meter) slightly wavy and with whitish veins along the edge, leaves similar in shape to a lyre, for which this species deserved its name. It is very popular with conservatory growers.
In relation to the tiny ficus (F.pumila), it is easy to identify: it seems that it has nothing in common with those giants whom the Macedonian soldiers met. With its crown, consisting of thin strong stems, similar to a wire, and of small leaves (only 5-8 mm in size), it abundantly covers the soil with a dense green carpet and is considered one of the best perennial ground cover plants. Its roots cling tenaciously to any wet surface.
We mention figs - ficus-carica (fig tree) (F.carica), characterized by finger leaves and rather tasty sweet fruits (contain up to 70% sugar) - wine berries (figs). Although the medicinal value of this ficus is generally known, it is rarely kept in room culture.
For semi-illuminated rooms, ampelous species of ficus bricula (F.stipulata) and creeping (dwarf) (F.repens), originally from Japan, may well be suitable. The latter is a graceful ampelous plant covered with small (2-3 cm) oval leaves of bright green color. On the underside of the stems, it has sucker roots with which it is able to cling to any support. Hanging from the pot, the shoots look very attractive. With the slightest water shortage, it quickly loses its leaves (he is a big fan of high air humidity).
Ficuses can be used to grow a bonsai-style perennial houseplant.