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Poisonous Plants In The Garden And Outside
Poisonous Plants In The Garden And Outside

Video: Poisonous Plants In The Garden And Outside

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Video: Deadliest Garden In The World | Earth Unplugged 2023, February

Summer dangers for children and not only

poisonous plants
poisonous plants

Raven eye

Gardeners and summer residents met this June quite coolly, but then it became kinder and warmer. Now, along with their parents, children come to the sites and estates during their school holidays. At the dacha there is expanse and a lot of interesting things for an inquiring child's mind.

And vegetable, fruit and berry crops gaining strength, and birds and butterflies fluttering around the site, and beautiful flowers replacing each other in an effort to amaze with their beauty. Garden strawberries and wild strawberries began to ripen, berries on gooseberries and currants are poured.

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poisonous plants
poisonous plants


There are many temptations in the country. But parents should not forget that a city child knows almost nothing or knows very little about the dangers that may lie in wait for him in the garden and beyond, for example, in the nearest forest. And the parents themselves are sometimes not aware of the dangers in the blossoming nature.

Perhaps the simplest of the dangers that can threaten your child are bees flitting from flower to flower, and especially bumblebees. If out of curiosity he reaches out to these insects, then reckoning is inevitable. And it's good if everything is limited to only severe pain, it will be worse if the child is allergic to bee or bumblebee venom. A wasp can also hurt.

Good housewives in the country have many amazingly beautiful plants blooming, decorative shrubs decorate the site. Not all growers realize that among these plants they love there are poisonous ones that are dangerous even for adults, and it's not even worth talking about children: a weakly dangerous one for adults can be fatal for a child.

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What plants are dangerous?

poisonous plants
poisonous plants

Lily of the valley

Let's start in spring when primroses bloom in the garden. They delight us so much with their, albeit not very large, but long-awaited flowers. But the bulbs of some plants are poisonous.

When they enter the stomach, they cause (especially in a child) severe vomiting, diarrhea, and possibly kidney damage. Such properties are characteristic of the bulbs of snowdrop, woodland and umbrella poultry.

Probably, many growers noticed: if you sit for a long time not far from a large bouquet of fragrant daffodil flowers, you can almost always get a headache. This is due to the fact that this plant contains the alkaloid lycorin, especially in the bulbs. Therefore, you need to protect the planting material of these plants away from children.

The ingestion of a bulb or part of it into the human body causes stomach pains and severe vomiting, which can last for several hours until toxins are removed from the body. And bouquets with these flowers should not be placed in a children's room or in a bedroom.

In late spring or early summer, in forest glades, and now in many summer cottages and garden plots, a peduncle with beautiful bells protrudes among the juicy bright leaves. It blooms lily of the valley. Some bring it to the garden from the forest, others buy it in flower shops or at fairs, especially since various varieties of this plant have already appeared: with large white or double, or pink bells.

poisonous plants
poisonous plants


As you know, the natural forest lily of the valley May is a medicinal plant. Its flowers and leaves contain more than 10 cardiac glycosides, alkaloid, essential oil, organic acids. Preparations from lily of the valley obtained with the use of these substances help to normalize the rhythm and strength of heart contractions, relieve heart pain, shortness of breath, and have a calming effect.

One of these remedies is Zelenin drops, which were previously very popular in our country. They include lily of the valley tincture, belladonna tincture, valerian rhizome tincture and menthol.

But May lily of the valley is a deadly poisonous plant, its red berries are especially dangerous, which appear on plants in the second half of summer. Therefore, for medicinal purposes, its preparations are used very carefully, because it is no coincidence that one of the ancient healers said that only the dose used distinguishes poison from medicine. And an overdose of lily of the valley drugs causes poisoning.

There are nausea, tinnitus, palpitations, slow pulse, general weakness, even cardiac arrest may occur. Therefore, if you grow May lily of the valley in your garden, do not use it for medicinal purposes on your own and do not let children near these beautifully flowering plants, and especially when red berries appear there.

Very nice blooms in the gardens of foxgloves. Its white, pink, yellow spotted flowers really resemble a thimble. But it's better to admire it all the same from a distance. The fact is that this plant also contains glycosides that affect the work of the heart. They are used to prepare medicines. These substances are contained in leaves and fruits. And if you take and eat a few foxglove leaves, arrhythmia, severe headache, vomiting, diarrhea, there may be convulsions, loss of consciousness, the complication may turn into a heart attack.

You should not refuse to grow foxglove, nevertheless it is a very beautiful tall plant, but it is necessary to limit access to it for children and explain to them its harm and danger.

poisonous plants
poisonous plants


The same can be said about aconite. He is also called a wrestler. These are perennial herbaceous plants up to two meters high. They have dark green leaves and in racemose inflorescences flowers similar to those of lupine. Their color is purple, blue, sometimes yellow. They bloom in the second half of summer.

It is a medicinal plant in small doses, but inherently poisonous. According to an ancient Greek legend, aconite grew from the poisonous saliva of the horror-stricken hellish dog Cerberus, whom Hercules brought from the underworld of Hades to earth. The whole plant or rhizome with roots is used for medicinal purposes.

Aconite preparations have an antiarrhythmic effect.

But if you eat at least one gram of wild-growing aconite, then a fatal outcome is possible, the rhizome of the plant is especially poisonous in autumn. The toxicity of this plant is caused by the alkaloids it contains. They act on the human central nervous system and cause paralysis of the respiratory center and seizures.

True, as shown by the observations of specialists, when growing aconite in gardens, it gradually loses its toxic properties on fertile soils. Also, the toxicity of this plant, like all other poisonous plants, increases in the direction from north to south. The farther south, the more dangerous they can be. And vice versa. Their toxicity increases in dry and hot summers.

And yet, when growing aconite in your garden, take precautions, and it is generally better to isolate it from children, for example, by planting it in the back of the flower bed.

In gardens and even in city flower beds, you can now find a beautiful plant, whose rather large flowers resemble a small gramophone trumpet. This is the so-called datura, a beautiful variety of this plant, Ballerina, is popular among flower growers. But translated from Latin, datura means dope. That is, it is a relative of the wild (in landfills and wastelands) dope ordinary. And it contains the alkaloid datarin, the same as in henbane.

poisonous plants
poisonous plants


This drug, obtained from wild plants, is used in small doses in medicine, but if the dose is exceeded, poisoning is possible, which cause vomiting, dry mouth, speech disturbance, redness of the skin, tachycardia and hallucinations. Death is also possible. Cultural specimens, probably, have a lower concentration of datarin, but caution is needed in working with them.

All gardeners are well aware of the beautifully blooming crocuses in spring. Much less often in the gardens you can find their autumn relative - the crocus. It blooms when there are very few flowering plants left in the flower beds. But it must be remembered that the purple colchicum, or rather its bulbs, are poisonous, they contain the substance colchicine, which is similar in action to arsenic. Therefore, the crocus bulbs must be stored in a secluded place and hidden from children.

poisonous plants
poisonous plants


And outside the fence of your garden, unpleasant discoveries can await children and adults. For example, now Sosnovsky's hogweed is very widespread.

It is better not to touch this plant with your bare hands, and if you cut or mow it, beware of getting the juice of the plant on bare parts of the body, especially in sunny weather - they can cause severe burns.

Common wolfberry or wolf bast is found in forests, and now it is sometimes grown in gardens for decorative purposes. You need to know that all parts of this plant are highly poisonous: roots, leaves, bark, fruits.

For example, the use of the fruits of the plant leads to irritation of the kidneys, mucous membranes of the stomach, intestines. They cause a decrease in blood clotting.

poisonous plants
poisonous plants

Wolf bast

During the mushroom picking in August, an interesting plant can be found in the forests: a quatrefoil, and above it on the stalk is a black-purple berry. This is the so-called raven eye. All parts of it are poisonous - the roots, leaves, and berries. It is the berry that poses a particular danger, because a child or a person who does not know about the danger can eat it. And this can lead to damage to the central nervous system and heart.

Spotted hemlock can also be found outside the garden. This is an umbrella plant, you can distinguish it from other similar ones by the red specks on the leaves. He also has all parts poisonous. If suddenly it occurs to someone to tear off a piece of a leaf or stem and chew it, then this can result in poisoning. It is manifested by nausea, headache, dizziness, visual impairment.

In a word, it is good to have a rest in the summer cottage, but if you brought your children or grandchildren there, warn them about all possible dangers, and control their travels around the site and beyond.

E. Valentinov

Photo by Natalia Butyagina

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