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Fragrant Violet - Cultivation And Medicinal Use
Fragrant Violet - Cultivation And Medicinal Use

Video: Fragrant Violet - Cultivation And Medicinal Use

Video: Fragrant Violet - Cultivation And Medicinal Use
Video: Sweet Violets: The Edible Spring Flowers 🌸 (Viola odorata) 2023, March

Growing conditions for fragrant violets (Violae odorata)

Fragrant violet
Fragrant violet

Fragrant violet (Violae odorata) - this plant has other names: mother darling, horse hooves, English violet, garden violet, fragrant violet.

Description of the plant

Fragrant violet is a perennial herb 10-25 cm high with a white rhizome and rooting aerial shoots. Leaves on long petioles, cordate, slightly pointed at the top. Blooms in April - May. Fragrant flowers on long stalks, dark purple.

In nature, the fragrant violet will melt in the central and southern regions of the European part of Russia in parks, forests, among bushes. Prefers fertile soils, from moderately moist to moist. Can grow under trees. In dry weather, it requires watering. Tolerates short-term frosts.

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Method of reproduction The

violet, fragrant with seeds and vegetatively, propagates. A plant grown from seed is stronger and more resistant to disease. Seeds are sown on the beds or in prepared boxes in the fall, immediately after they ripen, otherwise the germination rate will be zero. They emerge in April. In May, the seedlings are planted. It propagates vegetatively by dividing bushes or lateral daughter rosettes.

Fragrant violet
Fragrant violet

The main types and varieties of fragrant violets

The genus includes more than 400 species and many subspecies and varieties. Fragrant violet is one of the few of our wild violets that are widespread in culture.

It is cultivated as an ornamental plant all over the world and is the oldest garden culture. The date of its introduction into culture is 1542. The high content of essential oil in flowers led to its breeding as an essential oil plant. Parma and Victoria are commonly grown for aromatic oil. The following varieties of fragrant violets are often grown in culture:

Albiflora - white flowers; Konigin Charlotte - blue-violet flowers, large; Red Charme - bright red flowers; Triumpf - with the largest light purple flowers.

The combination of violets with other plants

Fragrant violet goes well with primrose, lungwort, wild grasses and ferns, looks good with early spring bulbous plants. It is used for growing in flower beds, borders, for landscaping balconies, in vases, on rocky hills, in rock gardens and as a ground cover plant. Large-flowered varieties are suitable for cutting.

Pests and diseases of the fragrant violet Fragrant

violet is very unpretentious, resistant to various diseases. Leaves can sometimes be damaged by a leaf roll.

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Medicinal use of fragrant violets

Fragrant violet
Fragrant violet

Medicinal properties The

leaves and flowers of fragrant violets have long been valued in herbal medicine, their action is especially effective in case of congestion in the lungs, hypersensitivity of the skin, fragility of blood vessels.

The leaves were used to treat cystitis and used to rinse the mouth and throat. Due to the presence of salicylic acid (i.e. aspirin), it has a mild pain relieving effect. In folk medicine, infusion and decoction of the herb is used for kidney stones and urinary tract stones, as a sedative for nervous excitement and insomnia, as well as for the treatment of certain skin diseases and as a means of lowering blood pressure. The whole plant is used for metabolic disorders, rheumatism, gout, urolithiasis and cholelithiasis.

Collection and processing of raw materials

The subject of collection - flowers, leaves, shoots and roots. The flowers are dried quickly so that they do not lose color and smell. Leaves and shoots are harvested during flowering. Rhizomes are harvested in the fall, cleaned of soil, dried in the air and dried in a well-ventilated room or under a canopy. Store in a dry place in a tightly closed container for one year.

Fragrant violet
Fragrant violet

Fragrant violet is used as an essential oil, medicinal, melliferous and ornamental plant.

Infusion of violet leaves. 1 teaspoon of raw materials is poured with 1 glass of boiling water, infused for 1 hour and filtered. Take 1/2 cup three times a day with meals.

The infusion of leaves with honey is effective for coughs, chronic diseases in the oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract. The same infusion is used in the form of lotions in the treatment of wounds, boils and other skin lesions. The infusion of leaves is used for cancers of the larynx and tongue, it prevents the transition of ulcers that have long existed in the gastrointestinal tract into a precancerous and cancerous state. Infusion of violets has a good effect on headaches and heat in the head. In these cases, a rag is soaked in a violet infusion and tied around the head.

Infusion of violet flowers. 1 teaspoon of flowers is poured with 1 glass of boiling water, infused for 1 hour, filtered. Take 2-3 tbsp. spoons three times a day. It is used as an anti-inflammatory, analgesic and soothing agent for pneumonia, seizures, tinnitus, dizziness and memory impairment.

A decoction of herbs and violet roots. 1 tbsp. pour a spoonful of crushed raw materials with a glass of water, boil over low heat for 30 minutes, filter, squeeze, bring the volume with boiled water to the original. Take 2-3 tbsp. spoons three times a day. Applied for stones and sand in the bladder, rheumatism and gout. For a greater effect, simultaneously apply warming compresses from a decoction of violets together with cake.

Fragrant violet
Fragrant violet

A decoction of violet roots. 1 st. pour a spoonful of crushed roots with 1 glass of cold water, boil in a sealed enamel bowl over low heat for 30 minutes, filter, squeeze and bring the volume with boiled water to the original.

Take 2-3 tablespoons 3-4 times a day after meals. Used as an expectorant, for diseases of the upper respiratory tract, whooping cough. Decoction of roots gargle with sore throat and inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity, they lubricate the mucous membrane of the mouth in children with thrush, used as a prophylactic agent for influenza. Good results have been obtained in the treatment of amoebic dysentery and fungal skin lesions.

Externally used for articular rheumatism. Violet tincture. 1 part of grass or chopped violet roots are poured with 10 parts of vodka, insisted for 10 days. Take 25 drops three times a day or use it externally as a lotion. Used as an expectorant for the secretion of sputum in pulmonary tuberculosis.

Violet syrup. 1 glass of fresh violet grass is placed in a bottle, 1 glass of hot water is poured into it and insisted for a day, then filtered. The filtered liquid is heated to a boil, a new portion (1 glass) of violet flowers is added and again left for 24 hours. The resulting infusion, after straining, is mixed with honey in equal parts and given to children 1 teaspoon of cough.

Fragrant violet
Fragrant violet

Violet herb oil. In the industry, essential oil is obtained from the flowers and leaves of fragrant violets, which is used to make expensive perfumes and other perfumery products.

This oil cleans pores well, heals veins, and improves blood circulation. Helps in the treatment of bronchitis, catarrh, oral infections. Relieves headaches and dizziness. The scent of violets is believed to soothe and strengthen the heart. Violet oil is a strong antiseptic, it is used to treat wounds, resorb hematomas, reduce skin swelling, swelling and inflammation, and heal cracked nipples.

At home, you can also prepare such an oil, although its quality and medicinal properties will be weaker. Pour vegetable oil (preferably olive oil) into a container with grass so that the grass is completely immersed in the oil. After two days, squeeze the grass, and add violet grass to the resulting oil. So repeat several times. Store the finished oil in a closed container.

Cooking. In the confectionery industry, the violet is used to flavor sweets and drinks.

Contraindications. In large doses and with prolonged use, violet preparations cause diarrhea and vomiting, and abdominal pain.

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