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Medicinal Properties And Cultivation Of Sakhalin Arnica
Medicinal Properties And Cultivation Of Sakhalin Arnica
Video: Medicinal Properties And Cultivation Of Sakhalin Arnica
Video: Arnica Harvesting and Uses with Herbalist Yarrow Willard | Harmonic Arts 2023, February

Sakhalin arnica (A sachalinensis) or Shamisso arnica


Mountain arnica (Arnica montana) is a valuable medicinal plant. On the territory of the former republics of the USSR, in nature, it is found only in the Carpathians, but even there it has become a rarity and is listed in the "Red Book".

Attempts by scientists to introduce it into culture did not give success: on the plain, it grows and multiplies poorly, often vomiting in winter. I had to look for a replacement for the mountain stubborn. And now, after a long search, scientists settled on two types of arnica: leafy and Sakhalin.

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I'll tell you about the Sakhalin arnica (A. sachalinensis) growing on my site, or, as it is also called, the Shamisso arnica (A. Chamissonis), which received its name in honor of the botanist who first described this species. In nature, it lives in mixed forests, on mountain slopes, along the banks of the rivers of the Far East and Sakhalin. Outwardly, it is very similar to mountain arnica.

Her rhizome is thick and short. Stem about 80 cm high, straight, covered with short glandular hairs; leaves are sessile, paired, oblong, 10-15 cm long, in the lower part of the stem - leaves that die off during flowering; flower baskets 3 cm in diameter with yellow (in mountain arnica they are orange) marginal flowers, they are located at the ends of the branches. Arnica blooms for a long time (from late June to mid-August) and is very abundant, as the stems branch strongly in the upper part.

Flower baskets are the main medicinal raw material. They are collected at the stage of dissolution in the morning, as soon as the dew melts. It is necessary to dry intensively - at a temperature of 50-60 ° C, otherwise the baskets will be puffed up, and the raw materials will lose their medicinal properties. Raw materials are stored for two years.

The main biologically active substance in arnica is arnicin. In addition, it contains cynarin, inulin, phytosterols, flavonoids, carotenoids, organic acids, essential oils and other useful substances. Arnica's healing arsenal is rich! Its drugs stop bleeding, lower blood pressure, normalize heart function, increase bile secretion, tone up the central nervous system, have anti-inflammatory and diuretic effects.

They are used for bleeding (external and internal), heart weakness and angina pectoris, hypertension, hepatitis and cholecystitis, gout, epilepsy, cholelithiasis and other diseases. Lotions treat bruises, bruises, ulcers, burns and frostbite, with rinsing - stomatitis and periodontal disease. To prepare the infusion, take 1 teaspoon of dry raw materials per 1 glass of boiling water, insist for half an hour in a sealed container, cool and filter. Take 1 tbsp. spoon three times daily before meals. Overdose is dangerous due to the strong action of arnica preparations!

Before being treated, be sure to consult your doctor. The tincture is best prepared from fresh flowers. Pour 1 part of the raw material with 10 parts of 70% alcohol, insist for two weeks in a dark place, filter and store in the dark. Apply 30-40 drops with water or milk three times a day before meals. For lotions, the tincture is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5, for rinsing the mouth, a teaspoon is taken in a glass of water.

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Unlike its mountain sister, Sakhalin arnica is unpretentious in culture, reproduces well, and most importantly, it is winter hardy. It can be grown from seeds or by dividing rhizomes. The seeds ripen from the second half of July to autumn and ripen well in Siberia.

They are oblong black achenes 1 mm thick and 6-8 mm long with a fluffy tuft. It is better to sow before winter, but it is possible in the early spring into the soil to a depth of 1-2 cm.The soil should be fertile, loose and moisture-absorbing, the place should be sunny and slightly elevated, since arnica, although hygrophilous, does not tolerate waterlogging and stagnant water.

In the first year of life, a root rosette of leaves is formed in plants; from the second year, flowering begins. Arnica hibernates without shelter, in spring it grows rather late - in mid-May. Having once started an arnica on your site, in the future you will not experience any problems with its reproduction, since the plants give many root suckers and quickly fill the garden bed.

When thickened - as a rule, after 5-6 years - flowering weakens due to lack of nutrition and light. Then the "plantation" should be moved to a new location in late autumn or early spring. It is enough to set aside just one square meter for planting arnica to provide the family with medicinal raw materials for a year.

Unfortunately, Sakhalin Arnica seeds cannot be bought in stores. I will gladly help everyone who wants to grow this valuable and unpretentious medicinal plant to acquire seeds of Sakhalin arnica. They, as well as planting material for maral root, rhodiola, wild garlic, kandyk, divine tree, golden currant, kalufer and more than 200 other rare medicinal and spicy plants, vegetables, flowers and shrubs can be ordered from the catalog. Send an envelope with your address - in it you will receive the catalog for free.

My address: 634024, Tomsk, st. 5th Army, 29-33, mob. t. +7 (913) 851-81-03 - Gennady Pavlovich Anisimov. The catalog can also be obtained by e-mail - send a request to E-mail: [email protected] The catalog can be found on the website

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