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Video: How To Create A Flower Garden By A Pond
Moisture-loving plants for a flower garden by a pond
Over the long, frosty winter, the gardener's soul languished in anticipation of sunny days and the first cute flowers in the garden. Ordinary townspeople, not gardeners, do not understand this. "Desperate gardeners" all winter come up with something else to decorate their garden, so that it becomes truly heavenly.
But here's the bad luck - on the site there is a deep hole with water, the place is damp and dead, empty and unsightly. You can't make a pool out of it, and it's already impossible to look at it.
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Let's try to transform the raw ugliness. In fact, in our zone of excessive moisture, there are countless species, including wild ones, that feel great under these conditions. Take a closer look at the wet meadow around your garden. Dozens of species of flowers and herbs grow and bloom on it, many of which are medicinal. Any of these plants can be transplanted into the garden, transforming it into the most unsuitable place for the demanding growing conditions of garden flowers.
In early spring you will see shining golden, almost spherical bushes of marsh marigold along the very edge of the ditches, next to it is a carpet of creeping European hoof with yellow flowers. Behind it, the swamp and forest forget-me-not turns blue in lace. In May, delicate swimsuits with the finest aroma and lily of the valley with snow-white, fragrant bell-shaped flowers bloom.
Lush bushes up to 60 cm high, with brushes of blue-blue flowers, reminiscent of forget-me-nots, blooms in May-June Siberian Brunner. At the same time, the multiflorous or Egyptian lily of the valley (about 60 cm tall) flaunts: greenish-white, fragrant, bell-shaped flowers (medicinal plant) are suspended from its arcuate stems. Larger (up to 80 cm in height), but very similar to it in the form of a bush of the dicenter is magnificent, or "broken heart". Her pink "hearts" of flowers are combined with a snow-white "tear" hanging down. It blooms in partial shade from the end of May until almost the end of summer, if you cut off the flowering branches in time.
The undersized dicentra beautiful blooms with delicate pink flowers all summer. Common and elm-leaved meadowsweet with carved, corrugated leaves raise their tall (50-200 cm) stems with buds in June. They bloom with fluffy large clusters of numerous small creamy-white flowers from mid-June to July, sometimes longer, and young plants do until autumn (meadowsweet flowers are used in folk medicine).
A special decorative effect is given by planting of high (up to 1 m) species of irises: air-like (marsh) with wide xiphoid leaves and pale yellow flowers. He lives safely "knee-deep" in water and blooms in June - July. Its partner, Siberian iris with graceful, narrow linear leaves, is decorative throughout the season, and blooms one of the first in June.
Thin strong peduncles raise flowers of exquisite shape and color upward: blue, blue, pink of different shades. Clumps of irises grow rather quickly and actively absorb moisture, draining their places of growth. The dried rhizomes of irises exude the aroma of violets, for which they are called the violet root and are used for medicinal purposes, for flavoring confectionery products, drinks, tinctures and liqueurs.
The group of tall plants with xiphoid leaves is well complemented by species daylilies (hemerocalis or krasodnevy). They are also unpretentious, create large clumps that bloom from May to the end of summer, if you choose the right species and varieties (yellow, brown, Middendorf, small, hybrid).
Flowers of warm tones of yellow, orange, reddish-brown are collected at the ends of thin tall stems. Each flower blooms for only one day, but in general there are several dozen of them on the bush. Among the daylilies there are species and varieties of various heights, which makes it possible to compose high and medium-high tiers of these magnificent plants in the background of the flower garden surrounding the reservoir.
Large bushes of toothed buzulnik with powerful, rounded leaves, similar to burdock leaves, and peduncles up to 150 cm in height will complement the background of the perennial curtain.
Each bush will require at least 1.5 m 2 of area. The caps of its bright, yellowish-orange baskets up to 5 cm in diameter are collected in spectacular umbrella-shaped inflorescences, blazing with hot fire in late summer and autumn. Przewalski's buzulnik with carved palm leaves blooms with candle-shaped inflorescences of small yellow flowers, its height reaches 180 cm.
Pink colors to the flower garden will add willow loosestrife or "plakun-grass", and narrow-leaved fireweed (Ivan-tea), which also have candle-shaped inflorescences on high, up to 150 cm, peduncles. Ivan tea is easily propagated by rhizomes. In the old days, its buds and leaves were used to make the so-called "Koporye tea", there was even such a tea industry before the appearance of Chinese tea in Russia. Traditional medicine has long used this plant widely, and now the scientific one recommends its preparations for the treatment of a number of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
The center is beautiful
Basil aquifer with openwork leaves similar to aquilegia leaves, blooms from June with a cloud of fluffy inflorescences of small lilac-pink, white, pink and other flower colors. Whole bushes of tall, dense greenery, topped with purple-pink, touchy flowers, form iron-bearing balsam. It blooms in late summer, scattering seeds around. Basil plants reach a height of 150-200 cm, while they are completely unpretentious.
Of the medium-sized (60-100 cm) moisture-loving flowers, it is worth noting the snake mountaineer ("crayfish necks"), which blooms in early summer with sultans of pink flowers on long thin stems. It grows well into dense clumps, does not require transplanting for many years; is a medicinal plant.
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The palette of colors and shapes of such a flower garden will be diversified by the inclusion in the planting of aquilegia of various colors (from white and pink to dark purple, with simple and double flowers), spotted loosestrife, pyramidal bell, mint, foxglove, cyanosis, hellebore, giant Sakhalin and Baldzhuan mountaineers.
In the foreground of the flower garden around the reservoir, ground cover species will be the most suitable: creeping tenacious with blue-purple sultans, periwinkle with blue flowers, monkey loosestrife (meadow tea) with yellow flowers, mountaineers pochechuy, bird with elegant small leaves. Bright spots in such a flower garden in spring will be various primroses, which are very suitable for moist soils in semi-shady places.
The approach to the reservoir is lined with flat stones, or made of fine gravel and gravel. When planting perennials, it is worth using the soil filling with AVA long-acting complex fertilizer. They put 0.5 teaspoon of blue crystals in each well, and for the next three years, nothing but spring nitrogen feeding is added. It is a very rational and effective modern fertilizer that I have been using for many years.
Coastal flowers will not only decorate your garden, but also serve as a source of healing infusions and teas from their own lands. By creating a new flower garden around the reservoir from wild and garden flowers, you will get an inexpensive in all respects, unpretentious, the most stylish, according to modern ideas, version of garden decoration. In recent years, the pursuit of a natural style has dominated garden design around the world.