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Video: The Healing Properties Of Linden
Linden trees in the park of Peterhof
Birch is considered one of the symbols of Russia. Indeed, this beautiful white-barked tree can be found in almost all regions of the country except, perhaps, the most northern ones. However, a dwarf polar birch grows there too.
Against the background of birch, linden looks much more modest, although it has played an even more important role in the fate of the Russian and other peoples inhabiting the European part of the country. In the old days, it was from linden bark that villagers made their shoes, and not only rural ones.
Since then, the saying has survived: "The pine feeds, the linden dresses" (cedar pine). And even at the beginning of the 20th century, peasants everywhere wore this light and comfortable footwear in the summer. Even in the 60s of the last century, my father and other collective farmers willingly put on sandals for haymaking when they had to go to the flooded meadows. There, the flat surface of hayfields alternated with low-lying areas with stagnant water with thickets of sedges and other grasses.
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In the summer heat, you can't work out a lot in rubber boots, and in light bast shoes with linen onuchs it is easy and convenient to mow. Water that got into these shoes in the lowlands then flowed out and evaporated when mowing grass in dry places. True, the father himself no longer knew how to weave sandals, but their grandfather, who mastered this skill from childhood, made them.
Bast shoes were made both from birch bark and from bark of other deciduous trees, but linden was the main supplier of it. Various boxes and tues, matting were made from it. Bast was harvested from young trees. Since then, the people have been using the saying: "They flayed like sticky, robbed like a raspberry." Over time, the second part of it was somehow forgotten, but the first is often used when they want to talk about exorbitant extortions. Apparently, therefore, in our forests now linden trees and shrubs are not found as often as before.
Linden paid its tribute to our people, and we turned out to be ungrateful descendants and do not restore the number of these useful and beautiful plants in the forests.
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Features of culture
Linden topiary in Oranienbaum park
Linden is a tree or shrub belonging to the Linden genus of the Linden family. There are about 70 varieties of linden in the world, but in the forests of Russia, two of them are most often found - small-leaved and Amur. And in the European part of the country, mainly small-leaved linden (Tilia cordata) grows. It was her bast that our ancestors used to make bast shoes and other household products.
The Slavs loved the linden and considered it the tree of the Virgin. There was even a belief that lightning would never strike a linden tree, so people often hid under it in a thunderstorm if they found themselves far from home. For the same reason, as the plant of the Virgin, linden branches were used to decorate homes on holidays. As a child, on my mother's instructions, I myself attached these branches over the gate and over the front doors to the house on the eve of the Holy Trinity. All the neighbors did the same. And during the days of this holiday, the village street looked especially elegant.
Linden was appreciated not only for its shoe bast. Spoons and other dishes were made from its wood, they built baths and made shelves in them, they also stored linden brooms, which were valued even higher than birch ones. Usually brooms were made after the end of the linden blossom. Now you will not find such brooms. And the reason for this, apparently, is the same - it is too rare in the forests. And not only in the forests.
Pines, spruces, birches, mountain ash, maples grow in orchards on plots or near them, but lindens can be seen mainly in city parks, squares, along roads. And this is understandable, because its leaves serve as a natural antiseptic, they absorb dust and harmful impurities, make the air cleaner. By the way, linden is very plastic, it easily tolerates a haircut, and therefore is actively used in topiary. Compositions with her are very effective, for example, in the parks of Peterhof and Oranienbaum.
It would not hurt at the dachas, as it gives a very dense shade on sunny days, you can place a gazebo or a bench under it (remember Trigorskoye, so beloved by Pushkin). In addition, she is an excellent honey plant and would be very useful where there are apiaries.
The healing properties of linden
Since ancient times, people have appreciated them. First of all, the flowers of this tree were used. Used for medicinal purposes also teas and decoctions from buds, linden leaves, from its bark. Studies have shown that linden flowers contain ascorbic acid, flavone glycosides, carotene and other substances.
Like other medicinal plants, the main raw material of linden - flowers - is harvested at the very peak of flowering. This happens in various localities in the second half of June - early July. Linden bloom usually does not last very long - from 10 days to two weeks. It depends on the air temperature during the given period. The best quality raw materials are best harvested when most of the flowers have already blossomed. Of course, you need to collect flowers in ecologically clean places - away from roads and industrial enterprises.
Being under a flowering linden tree, you feel the unique honey aroma, which, according to folk medicine, is also healing. At this time, bees hover over the flowers, collecting nectar. Then the famous lime honey will turn out from it. The more flowering lime trees in the area at this time, the more pure and healing this honey will be.
Collecting yellow fragrant linden flowers for medicinal purposes is necessary in dry weather, preferably in the morning. Dry them in the shade in a ventilated room. Such raw materials are stored for up to two years.
In spring, linden buds and bark of this tree are collected for medicinal purposes. Fresh leaves are harvested in summer.
Linden blossom, more precisely, tea made from its flowers, is an excellent natural antispasmodic, diaphoretic, it is used for colds and acute respiratory infections and pneumonia, as well as an immunostimulating and antibacterial agent. It also helps with problems with the bladder and kidneys, with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, bile stasis as a disinfecting, strengthening, healing agent. Infusions are used for this.
Infusion of linden flowers. Take the amount of raw materials and boiling water you need at the rate of: 3 tablespoons of dried linden flowers in a glass of boiling water (200 ml). Pour linden flowers into a container and pour them with the calculated amount of boiling water and keep this mixture in a water bath for 15 minutes. Then the container with the infusion must be closed with a lid and cooled.
The resulting volume of infusion is then filtered and brought to the original, adding boiled water instead of evaporated. Such infusion is stored in the refrigerator and taken hot two to three times a day in a glass as a diaphoretic, diuretic and antimicrobial agent.
The effect of the treatment will be higher if supplemented with tea with linden honey. After all, this honey also has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, diaphoretic properties. It is used to treat rhinitis, laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchial asthma. You only need to use a bit of honey, and not add it to hot water, because it will lose some of its medicinal properties. It is noteworthy that linden honey is hypoallergenic, it is suitable for everyone, because it has no contraindications.
A decoction of linden bark powder is used in the treatment of bronchial catarrh, food poisoning, tumors, mastitis.
Linden charcoal also has useful properties. Crushed into powder, it is used to treat flatulence and diarrhea in case of poisoning and intestinal disorders.
Like any medicinal plant, linden also has contraindications or restrictions in its use. For example, if you consume linden flower tea every day for a long time, your vision may decrease, and this may also affect the work of the heart. It must be taken with caution in the presence of kidney stones and in the gallbladder. Therefore, you need to take breaks in the use of medicinal raw materials from linden.
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