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Video: Kuril Tea Or Cinquefoil Shrub
Growing of medicinal and ornamental plant Pentaphylloides fruticosa
Contrary to the name, Kuril tea grows not only in the Kuril Islands, but also in the Far East, Siberia and the European part of Russia.
And it got its name because the drink from this plant has long been revered by Siberians, Far Easterners up to the Kuriles. In nature, it occurs along the banks of rivers and lakes, in alpine meadows up to an altitude of 3000 m. The northern border of this extremely frost-resistant plant is the permafrost border.
Botanists call Kuril tea cinquefoil (Pentaphylloides fruticosa). And in fact, the leaves of this shrub look like a five or seven-fingered palm. They are covered with thick soft pile. They collect so many drops of dew or rain that the branches bend under their weight.
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But one has only to look out the sun, the leaves dry up, the branches straighten, and again the plants will absorb its life-giving rays with each leaf. The branches of one-year increments are also silky pubescent, and the old branches acquire a red-brown color. Densely branched bushes by nature have a spherical shape with a diameter of a little more than a meter, so they are always beautiful. But Kuril tea is especially beautiful at the time of flowering, and it blooms all summer from June to September! Its large (up to 3 cm in diameter) flowers with shiny bright yellow petals involuntarily make you feel sympathy for this cheerful plant.
People have long appreciated the high decorative qualities of Kuril tea and since the 17th century they have been cultivating it in gardens and parks in Europe and North America.
But as a plant with medicinal properties, long appreciated by Siberians, it became widespread quite recently. During the study in the terrestrial part of plants (leaves, stems and flowers), up to 12-17% of tannins, up to 230 mg / 100 g of ascorbic acid, up to 17.5 mg / 100 g of carotene, vitamin P, tannins, organic acids - coffee, ferulic, synapic, coumaric and others, flavonoids, catechins, essential oils, alkaloids, saponins, resins, choline.
These and other biologically active substances are produced in maximum quantities by plants during the period of mass flowering. Therefore, raw materials are procured in July. One-year growths (20-30 cm) are cut off, dried in the sun and dried in the oven at a temperature of 60 … 70 ° C. Store raw materials in paper or plastic bags for one year.
It is used in the form of tea (2 tablespoons of raw materials for half a liter of boiling water, boil for 5-7 minutes, leave for half an hour), half a glass 3-4 times a day before meals. Tea is as tasty as it is healthy. It has an astringent, antimicrobial, choleretic, hemostatic, sedative, analgesic, diuretic, diaphoretic and expectorant effect. ABOUT
n has a healing effect in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, diarrhea, dysentery, dysbacteriosis and dyspepsia, tuberculosis and croupous pneumonia, liver inflammation, blood diseases, cystitis and duodenitis, headache and some neuropsychiatric diseases. They drink it to prevent influenza, as a means of improving appetite and supporting heart function. The broth is used externally in the treatment of burns, boils and purulent wounds, for rinsing the throat and mouth with angina and stomatitis.
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Kuril tea is not so uncommon on the household plots of Siberians. There is always a place for 1-2 bushes that will decorate the garden and supply the family with medicinal raw materials for a year.
There are no problems with growing this frost-resistant, drought-resistant, shade-tolerant, unpretentious and durable - in one place it can grow up to 20 years - there is no plant. As there are no problems with reproduction. Propagated as vegetatively - green and lignified cuttings, layering and division of the bush, and seeds. Kuril tea is very easily bred with seeds - it often produces self-seeding.
Seeds can be sown before winter and early spring. They are quite small, like strawberries, so they must be sown superficially (not sprinkled with earth), slightly pressing into the soil with your finger. Seedlings appear in a week. When the seedlings grow up, they need to be cut into the school every 10-15 cm. Next spring, the plants can be planted in a permanent place after 1-1.5 meters. Plants bloom in the second or third year.
See also: Cinquefoil - species and cultivation