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The Main Mistakes When Creating Hedges
The Main Mistakes When Creating Hedges

Video: The Main Mistakes When Creating Hedges

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Video: Tips & Tricks For Perfect Hedging | Gardening | Great Home Ideas 2023, January
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Hedges are good without mistakes

Hedge
Hedge

If you look around the summer cottages and garden plots today, you cannot fail to notice that more and more obsolete and dilapidated wooden fences are being replaced by hedges of a wide variety of trees and shrubs.

Unfortunately, upon closer examination of such hedges, they very often reveal their rather low decorativeness, and sometimes even obvious neglect, devoid of even a hint of the requirements of garden design. In my opinion, the main reason for this situation is the lack of reliable recommendations for creating hedges for creating hedges in areas with a very small area, usually only 6-10 acres.

As a result, the owners of plots are poorly guided both in the requirements for the construction of hedges and in the use of certain trees and shrubs in them. As a rule, in this case, gardeners make the following mistakes:

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The use of tall trees. Since most often pine and spruce taken from the forest are used to create a hedge, as well as poplar, aspen, cypress and other plants with a height of up to 4-5 m or more, in the morning and evening hours they excessively shade garden crops, clearly worsening their flowering and fruiting.

Creation of hedges in 2-3 rows. In this case, the distance between rows and trees is usually at least 0.7 meters, which means that such hedges reduce the area of ​​the site used for useful plantings of horticultural crops by almost a quarter, reducing the overall yield.

Application in hedges of imported species. Since most often these are plants of southern, Western European or American origin, the hedges are not only very expensive for the owner of the site, but also quite often freeze out in our climate. For example, I had several times with regret to observe at the neighbors of the site the prickly spruce from America who died in the first year, and at the other - a pine tree from Italy. But these seedlings cost them no less than the size of their pension.

Use for hedges of birch, maple, poplar and willows. The undesirability of placing these rocks on the site lies not only in their size, but mainly because of their specific properties. Birch, for example, negatively affects fruit trees growing nearby, and ash-leaved maple, with its aggressive self-seeding, drowns out almost any nearby crops. Poplar is often susceptible to infection with cytosporosis, bacterial cancer, and poplar moth develops on it. The undesirability of willows, such as willows and willows, is that they are subject to fragility under the influence of wind and snow loads.

Poor selection of wood for the hedge. Both when buying a seedling and when digging it in the forest, the safety of the lump of the mother earth, the root system, and often the central root is often not ensured, which leads to poor survival of the tree and even to its death after planting in a new place.

Incorrect tree planting. Quite often, seedlings are planted in very shallow holes (less than 50-6 cm), not filled with fertile soil, without compaction and watering, while the root collar is above ground level. It is especially difficult for seedlings to take root, taken, for example, from sandy soil and planted in clay soil, as well as when planting seedlings of different species in a row.

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Incorrect, infrequent and untimely pruning or haircut. As a rule, all this leads to the exposure of the lower zone of plants and the failure of the hedge to fulfill its protective functions.

It can be seen from the examples given that all the indicated mistakes in creating hedges are quite surmountable. This is confirmed by the experience of those site owners where hedges provide the site not only with protection and beauty, but also benefit, yielding berries, as well as a healthy microclimate. Based on their result, we can conclude that unpretentious and frost-resistant crops are quite suitable for any site, and both deciduous - hawthorn, honeysuckle, viburnum, barberry, spirea, rose hips and others, and conifers - spire, and common juniper, thuja western and other breeds.

It is important to avoid thinning and thickening. When planting, a layer of fertile soil containing sand, peat and compost is poured onto the bottom of pits and trenches, after which a tree is planted with a lump of earth, straightening its roots. After that, the landing site is covered up to the level of the root collar, tamped, watered and mulched.

During planting, it is necessary to observe a few more simple rules that will ensure a high survival rate of seedlings and their safety:

- it is necessary to fix the planted plants to protect the roots from movement under wind loads;

- the dose of water during irrigation should be two buckets with the addition of one heteroauxin tablet to each of them;

- the planting sites must be mulched with a mixture of coniferous and leaf litter with peat or sawdust with a layer of up to 5-7 cm.

If we take into account all the above comments, then on any site you can create hedges that meet all design requirements and provide comfort in the country.

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