Table of contents:
Video: Very Scented Tobacco
Types and cultivation of scented tobacco
Gardeners love fragrant flowers. The scent is the soul of the flower. Breathe it in and it immediately becomes good and easy. Therefore, there should always be a corner with fragrant flowers in the garden.
There are many fragrant flowers for the garden, but very fragrant - not so many. Therefore, each of them is a value. Such flowers do not strive to be the most beautiful and spectacular. Their charm and charm are in the aroma. Let's get acquainted with one of them - fragrant tobacco from the nightshade family.
The unique and delicate aroma that it exudes in the evenings makes it very attractive to the garden, despite the fact that its simple tubular flowers usually close during the day.
Several species are most suitable for growing in gardens.
Plant nurseries Stores of goods for summer cottages Landscape design studios
Winged tobacco, or decorative
Winged tobacco (Nikotiana alata) is a perennial herb native to South America. In culture since 1867. It is grown here as an annual, because it does not winter in the ground. Stems are erect, branched, 60-70 cm tall. The whole plant is sticky, covered with glandular hairs. The flowers are white, cream, carmine, collected in a large, loose paniculate inflorescence. They open only at night, after sunset, filling the garden with an amazing fragrance, especially strong on warm evenings. They can also open in cloudy weather. Its strong phytoncides are able to protect not only tobacco itself from pests, but also neighbors growing nearby.
The main species is rarely grown. Nowadays, more interesting garden forms and varieties of large-flowered varieties (var. Grandiflora) with white, pink, mauve, purple, dark red or scarlet funnel-shaped flowers have appeared. Plants can reach a height of 150 cm. They bloom from June to October. There were also varieties of low-growing plants that do not require a garter, no more than 40 cm high. Flowers open only at dusk and in cloudy weather. There are even varieties with compact bushes in which the flowers are open during the day. They are good for growing in pots, on the balcony.
Sandera Tobacco (Nikotiana x sanderae) is a garden hybrid obtained in 1903. It is an annual plant up to 75 cm high. It differs from winged tobacco in larger flowers. They are practically devoid of aroma, but they are open not only at night, but also during the day. The main color of the flowers is reddish-carmine, there are varieties with white flowers. Now there are many varieties of different heights from 25 to 60 cm, different colors. And every year there are more and more of these varieties. Recently created compact and even dwarf forms are interesting, for example, the Tuxedo series of tobaccos, which grow in the form of low bushes, reaching only 20 cm in height. They are devoid of the majestic charm of the taller species, but they look wonderful in flower beds and in containers, they are very easy to care for. They can even be planted in small pots. These plants can also endure the wind,and rain. There is a variety that has lemon-yellow flowers, and one of the currently most popular varieties has a salmon-pink flower color.
Langsdorf tobacco (Nikotiana langsdorfii) is exotic for the garden. An annual plant up to 120 cm high with unusual, pleasantly smelling green bell-shaped flowers. It grows wild in Chile and Brazil.
Forest tobacco (Nikotiana sylvestris) is a very unusual and elegant tall handsome man - slender, elegant, 1.5 m high. On good soil it can be even higher. Good in solitary planting. It is a perennial plant with straight stems and pure white drooping, pleasantly scented flowers at the top of the peduncle. It seems to come from Brazil. In our conditions, it is grown as an annual. Plants develop very slowly. With the usual sowing dates (March-April), they do not always have time to bloom in the year of sowing, so it is possible to recommend sowing seeds at an earlier date (in February). Ideal for the background of flower beds and mixborders. To date, a variety-series of forest tobacco with a height of only 25 cm has been developed for growing in containers.
Kittens for sale Puppies for sale Horses for sale
Agrotechnics of scented tobacco
Scented tobacco can be planted in small groups in a mixborder or other flower beds. Low-growing varieties that do not close during the day look good on rabatkas. For the neighborhood, you can choose a bright variety of salvia or pick up a petunia that matches the color. Fragrant tobacco is well worth cutting.
Location: grows well in sunny places, sheltered from the wind, as well as in partial shade, where it opens earlier at night.
The soil requires a light, moderately fertile soil. On highly fertile, a lot of greenery grows to the detriment of flowering. The leaves have a fairly large surface and evaporate a large amount of water per day, so all tobaccos are moisture-loving. Although they are fairly drought tolerant, it is best to keep the soil constantly moist.
Reproduction - by seeds. You can sow before winter or in the ground - in May. However, winter and spring are unstable in our region, and tobacco is a thermophilic plant. Therefore, it is safer to sow at home for seedlings. If you want to have an earlier flowering, then it is better to sow in March-April. Some gardeners even plant in February. The seeds are very small, so they must be sown either by mixing with sand, or in the snow. Do not fall asleep with soil. The crops are covered with plastic wrap or glass and placed in a warm place. At a temperature of + 18 … + 22 ° C, friendly shoots appear in 10-14 days. At this time, the seedlings should be placed in the brightest place, for example, on a windowsill. Or under artificial light.
For the backlight, I use a 40W cold daylight lamp. I place the seedlings under the lamp at a distance of 10 cm from its surface. I make sure that the rapidly growing leaves do not touch it near the electrodes, along the edges of the lamp, otherwise they will get burned. As the seedlings grow, I raise the lamp so that the distance to them does not change.
At the stage of one or two true leaves, a pick of seedlings is carried out. In this case, the seedlings are buried, not reaching 1 mm to the cotyledons. It is more convenient for further care to dive each seedling into its own vessel. Some gardeners dive into pots with a diameter of 11 cm in 4 pieces. In 7-10 days, when the cut seedlings take root, they can be fed, for example, with "Ideal". Two weeks after the first one, a second feeding is done. A month after the pick, the seedlings have a fairly strong root and large leaves. The cut seedlings are growing very actively.
Plants are planted in open ground after the end of spring frosts, because young plants cannot stand any frosts at all. And preferably - when the soil warms up well - up to 15 degrees at a depth of 10 cm. This usually happens in the first decade of June. The distance between plants is 15-40 cm, depending on the height of the future plant. Before planting in open ground, the plants must be tempered, gradually accustoming them to the sun and wind.
Care. Plants planted in the ground are regularly watered so that the soil does not dry out, especially at first after planting in the ground. Every 10-14 days, they are fed with a full mineral fertilizer.
Flowering begins in June and ends with the onset of cold weather. To increase the flowering time, at the time of budding, potash, magnesium fertilizers can be applied, and faded flowers must also be regularly removed.
Fragrant tobacco easily tolerates transplanting, even during flowering, and small autumn - up to -4 ° С - frosts.