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Cutting And Grafting Roses With Subsequent Rooting
Cutting And Grafting Roses With Subsequent Rooting
Video: Cutting And Grafting Roses With Subsequent Rooting
Video: How to Grow Roses From Cuttings Fast and Easy | Rooting Rose Cuttings with a 2 Liter Soda Bottle 2023, February
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Roses from a bouquet

cuttings of roses
cuttings of roses

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rose I have been growing roses for many years. I buy some of them in a store or at a bazaar, and most of my roses are grown from green cuttings. Basically, I cut these cuttings in the rose gardens of my neighbors or friends.

Climbing roses take root very well. Cuttings of hybrid tea roses also take root well, if only freshly cut stems are used.

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cuttings of roses
cuttings of roses

Rose

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However, my old dream was to grow Dutch roses, those that are sold in our flower shops in cut form. Every year, flower companies offer more and more beautiful and more refined varieties of these regal plants.

Many times I tried to grow such roses "from a bouquet", I tried all the methods known to me, but when planting, cuttings of such roses sooner or later died.

cuttings of roses
cuttings of roses

Rose from a bouquet in my garden

Once, while buying another Dutch rose for cuttings, I noticed a box in which flowers were packed. It showed the email address of the company where they were grown. I found this address on the Internet and was very surprised, as it turned out that these roses were not grown in Holland, but in Kenya.

On the site, in addition to information about the manufacturing company, a video was also posted, which showed the whole process of growing such roses. It turned out that in this company they were grown from green cuttings by combining cuttings and grafting, followed by rooting.

cuttings of roses
cuttings of roses

For grafting, make an oblique cut on the rootstock and on the scion.That

is, the growers took a green rose stalk for the rootstock, onto which the desired variety will be grafted, and which will then form the root system, and the green second stalk - a varietal rose for the scion. It is he who is grafted onto the stock, and if the operation is successful, it will bloom later. As I saw, there was no particular secret here.

They connected the stock and the scion with an ordinary graft called a "simple butt", then fixed the grafting site with a clothespin and planted the connected cuttings in flower pots. After that, the pots with cuttings were placed in small greenhouses, where artificial fog machines were used.

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cuttings of roses
cuttings of roses

Fasten the grafting site with cling film

When these plants grew roots, they were finally transplanted into more spacious greenhouses, where they were strengthened, and later they received magnificent flowering of roses. It was these roses that later came to our flower shops.

I learned with interest that this method has been used in gardening for a long time. The first such experiments were described by English gardeners back in 1896. And in 1963, the American scientist McFadden (McFadden) already described the very technique of propagating roses by combining cuttings and grafting. Dutch gardeners called this method "stenting" and began to use it commercially.

cuttings of roses
cuttings of roses

The grafted stalk is ready for planting

The method seemed very simple to me, and I decided to try it. As a rootstock, experts recommend using a multi-flowered rose (Rosa multiflora) or a Chinese rose (Rósa chinénsis), Bengal rose (Rambler indica Lindl).

It is clear that I could not find such roses, but I had a good experience in growing garden beauties from green cuttings, and I knew which of the roses I grow can take root easily.

cuttings of roses
cuttings of roses

A grafted rose with a new shoot means it already has their roots

and decided to use them as a rootstock. Most of my roses hibernate in the ground under cover, but I dig up some of the plants propagated by green cuttings this summer, transplant them into flower pots and store in the winter either in a cellar or in a cool, frost-free room.

In the spring, as soon as the ground warmed up in the greenhouse, I planted several of these roses from storage. They quickly grew, and at the end of June I cut green, but already woody cuttings from them. The rootstock cuttings should be no more than 8 cm in length, for some roses this is the distance between the nodes, that is, the buds. So that the shoot does not grow from the bud when rooting, they are cut out. The stalk for the rootstock must be without buds, otherwise an shoot may appear from the bud, and the scion will not take root.

cuttings of roses
cuttings of roses

I plant the grafted roses in the greenhouse.

For the scion, I used a cut rose from a flower shop. I bought the freshest rose. The diameter of the stem of the rose was chosen approximately equal to the diameter of my rose from the greenhouse. I cut the cuttings 7-10 cm long. In the cuttings of a varietal rose, I left the upper bud with leaves, removed the rest of the leaves.

Since I had never grafted plants before, I asked my husband to graft roses among themselves (he has a great "grafting" experience). The grafting was carried out by the "simple butt" or "simple copulation with an oblique cut" method. He carefully cut off the upper part of the stock and the lower part of the scion at an angle. The cut pieces should be the same length, so they will take root better. Then he connected the cuttings with cut pieces and secured the grafting site with pieces of cling film.

cuttings of roses
cuttings of roses

Roots are formed after three weeks

Other methods can be used for vaccination. I dipped the cuttings prepared in this way into the "root" powder and put them in disposable cups without a bottom, filled with a moistened mixture of peat and washed river sand (1: 1). She planted the cups with cuttings in the greenhouse and covered them with plastic bottles from under the water, having previously cut off their bottom. Further, the care of the plants was the same as in the propagation of roses by green cuttings.

That is, it took timely watering, spraying to create moisture and protection from direct sunlight. After about three weeks, the cuttings grow together with each other, and roots are formed. Later, a new shoot begins to grow from the upper bud.

In the fall, I dig these roses out of the greenhouse, transplant them together with the cups in a larger container and store them in the cellar until spring. In the spring, I carefully release the roots of the roses from the cups and plant the plants in a permanent place in the garden. Last year I had two beautiful varieties of Dutch roses in bloom, and again, this time on my own, I vaccinated and planted several other varieties. I look forward to summer to see and enjoy the magnificent bloom of my new roses.

Tatyana Lybina, gardener, Zhezkazgan, Republic of Kazakhstan

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