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Video: Rowan Pomegranate - A Gift From Michurin
Get a beautiful and healthy plant in your garden, bred by a great breeder
The Rowan genus includes about 80 species - this does not include interspecific hybrids. They are distributed mainly throughout the temperate belt of the Northern Hemisphere. On the territory of the former USSR, there are about 15 species of mountain ash. Most of them belong to the subgenus Real rowan. Moreover, almost all species have their own subspecies and cultural forms.
It is noteworthy that mountain ash is considered both a wild fruit tree and a culture, and, first of all, decorative, and only then - fruit, technical and medicinal.
A special place among the species and varieties of mountain ash is occupied by the rowan variety Pomegranate. First of all, because it was received by Ivan Vasilyevich Michurin. This happened in 1925 from the crossing of Siberian hawthorn (Crataegus sanguinea) and common mountain ash (Sorbus aucuparia). Secondly, this mountain ash is also valuable for its consumer properties.
So, the Pomegranate mountain ash is a tree up to 4 meters high. She is hardy, light-requiring. It is characterized by high yields: it regularly yields 15 - 20 kg of fruits per tree. Unfortunately, it is short-lived - it lives only up to 20-25 years.
Rowan flowers Pomegranate are small, white, collected in corymbose inflorescences of 50-00 pieces, they are not damaged by frost. Flowers are melliferous, pollinated by bees. The fruits of this mountain ash are spherical, burgundy-pomegranate, slightly faceted, sweet and sour, slightly tart, without bitterness, weighing up to 1.6 g, their pulp is yellow, juicy, multivitamin. From them you can make jam, jam, wine, tinctures, jellies, compotes, syrups, juices. Its berries are readily eaten by birds.
Rowan Pomegranate is self-fertile, but with cross-pollination, the yield is much higher. The best pollinating varieties for her: Dessertnaya, Vefed, Sorbinka. Leaves are alternate, pinnate, consist of 9-11 leaves, unequal, dark green, shiny, fall early.
This variety is propagated only vegetatively - by grafting on mountain ash, arcuate layering, green cuttings. Breeding techniques are standard. Soil Rowan Pomegranate loves sod-slightly podzolic loams. It is responsive to organic fertilizers. Moisture-loving, but does not tolerate stagnant water. It is planted in autumn or spring, before bud break. Planting pits are equipped in the same way as for plums. Trees are formed in bushy or sparse-tiered form. The crown should be light, compact, with strong skeletal branches. It is regularly reduced to 3 m, and thinned when thickened.
Of the pests, the Pomegranate mountain ash affects: aphids, ticks, scale insects, sawflies, caterpillars. Common diseases are rust, moniliosis, powdery mildew, brownish spot, fire blight, wilt. Control measures for these pests and diseases are standard.
Rowan Pomegranate is not only a fruit tree, but also a beautiful decorative tree - shiny carved foliage, abundant creamy inflorescences and numerous burgundy fruits greatly adorn it. In landscape design, it goes well with viburnum, barberry, mahonia and conifers.
It looks great in ordinary plantings, in which it serves not only as an elegant decoration, but also as a protection of the garden from cold winter winds, and most importantly, it is a fire barrier, since it prevents the spread of fire during a fire.
Vladimir Starostin, dendrologist, candidate of agricultural sciences
Photo by the author