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Video: Spirea, Dogwood, Chubushnik And Others
2023 Author: Sebastian Paterson | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-07-30 21:03
Beautiful ornamental shrubs that adorn the garden from spring to autumn
The most unpretentious shrubs are spireas. A huge number of varieties of this plant are now sold. Some bloom in spring, others in summer, some bloom from August to late September.
I like the gray (ash) Grefsheim variety the most. I bought a small plant with a closed root system - in a pot. After transplanting into fertile soil, the spiraea began to grow rapidly and bloomed the next year, although not very abundantly. This variety of spirea gives large annual growths of up to 30-40 cm with good care.
Care consists in feeding in the spring, as soon as the soil thaws, with a complex mineral fertilizer - azofos, and also under the bush I add rotted manure with a small addition of compost. In the second half of July, I sprinkle superphosphate and potash fertilizer under the bush.
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In dry July, twice a week I water abundantly with spirea, while in a wet summer, care is reduced only to feeding. Weeding near this shrub is not needed, as its branches droop and create a thick shadow that suppresses the growth of weeds, so there are simply no weeds under the bush. The bush does not form spiteful growth. Root processes appear every three to four years. I give them to my friends.
My spirea blooms with small white flowers in the second half of May. The bush is all strewn with white boil, as if the small green leaves were covered with snow. A very beautiful sight. Leaves begin to grow actively after flowering.
When planting such a spirea, you need to leave a large living space for it. It grows up and out. It is necessary to shorten and thin out the bush every five years at the end of September. Spirea pruning tolerates well. I remove old and twisted branches from the center of the bush for better ventilation. I shorten long branches by no more than a third. I only delete those side branches that interfere with others.
Another three-lobed Tor spiraea is planted behind a fence. There are many places. The bush is high and wide. It also blooms at the end of May with white small flowers, which are collected in an umbrella inflorescence. Flowers look great against a background of light green leaves. The plant is unpretentious. Once or twice a season I water it with liquid manure with sapropel, and no more care.
It is very similar to the spirea in the shape of the leaves of the viburnum bladder. Its leaves are burgundy-brown (Diabobo variety). The flowers are white-pink, collected in an umbrella, like a three-lobed spirea, look very beautiful against the background of bright foliage. Blooms in the second half of June. This shrub was given to me. I dug it out of very bad soil: a mixture of sand, screenings, stones. Once in good soil, in the very first year, the branches grew more than one meter in height.
Shrubs with yellow and silver leaves - spireas, barberries, silvery elk - will look very harmonious against the background of the bladder. Bubble plant-shrub is unpretentious, it is enough to scatter a handful of azophoska under the bush in the spring and water it several times in hot weather. It grows well not only in the sun, but also in partial shade. Easily transfers pruning. It can be used as a hedge if it is cut frequently. Not susceptible to pests and diseases. This shrub is for the lazy. If planted and not cared for, it will still grow well.
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The intermediate forsythia came to me in the same way as the vesicle. In the second year, I also pleased with a meter increase. Bloomed in large flowers in the second year. Leaves appear only after flowering. In the early years, in late autumn, we wrapped the bush with dense covering material in several layers and tied it to a support. The fact is that this type of forsythia can freeze slightly in a harsh winter, but then it quickly recovers.
Forsythia reproduces easily. To do this, it is enough in early spring (before flowering) to cut off a small stalk and plant in a greenhouse, where the sun's rays will be least exposed. Do not allow the soil to dry out. By the fall, a good root system will form on the cutting. You can plant it in open ground next spring. In the first winters, it must be covered with a covering material from frost.
Dogwood white variety Gouchaultii is a beautiful shrub with green leaves that have a golden yellow border that can fade to white by the end of summer. The foliage looks like marble.
If this shrub is cut annually, then it will be lush, and if this is not done, then the shrub will be loose. You can cut it from spring to late autumn. It can grow in full sun and partial shade. In the open sun, the edges of the leaves in hot and dry weather sometimes dry out. This is a completely unpretentious, very winter-hardy shrub.
Small white flowers are collected in a scutellum inflorescence. The flowers are similar to those of a three-lobed spirea. But they are not a decorative decoration of this shrub. Leaves are decorative. Moreover, the leaves fall off only in late autumn after frost. The shrub is responsive to feeding.
All of these shrubs can be grown as a standard plant. To do this, you need to start the formation of a one-year shoot. In the first year of life, you need to feed the shoot well so that it grows as long as possible, all root shoots must be removed. When lateral shoots begin to appear on it (possibly in the first year of life), they need to be plucked out, it is better to do this as soon as they appear, the leaves are not removed - they feed the shoot. Three or four shoots at the very top must be left. The next year, new branches will grow from these shoots.
In the next year, new shoots will now appear on these branches, which also need to be plucked, except for the two lowest ones, located closer to the beginning of branching (to the fork of the branches). You need to make sure that young branches grow outside the bush, and not inside it. In the third year of the life of the stem, lateral shoots will also form on the two left shoots, which must be removed again, except for one or two, the lowest ones. And so you need to monitor the stem every year. Then the crown will only need to thin out, preventing its thickening.
Does not require special care and chubushnik. An ordinary mock-orange with simple flowers was picked up twenty years ago in a garbage dump in the fall. The roots and branches were cut off from the bushes. This was done for ease of uprooting. The bushes were discovered the same day they were thrown away - there was still not dry earth on the roots.
I planted these stumps along the fence in large, well-filled pits with organic matter. There was no certainty that they would live. But the next spring they began to grow and in the first year they gave an increase of more than a meter. They fed them Azofoskaya in spring, watered them in the heat.
Twenty years later, these chubushniki turned into giant bushes over four meters high. They bloom profusely every spring, pleasantly fragrant. Adult care is not required. It is enough for them that as they grow, fertile soil has been created for them.
Double-flowered chubushnik Flore Pleno grows more slowly. His bushes do not grow higher than 1.5 meters. It blooms later than its relative with simple flowers. The flowers are drooping, like double white bells. It reproduces quite easily. Before the leaves bloom, it is enough to stick a sprig of mock orange into the ground. In dry weather, you need to water it. Rooting is one hundred percent. Top dressing is the same as for other shrubs.
I brought holly magonia from the Crimea. In the early years, it grew slowly, and this is not surprising, because our climate is much cooler, and the growing season is shorter. It is an evergreen shrub of the barberry family with leathery thorny leaves, native to the mountainous and forest regions of East Asia, the Himalayas, as well as North and Central America. The plant is named after Bernard Magon, who authored the American Garden Calendar published in 1806.
Its dense shiny dark green leaves turn brown in autumn and turn dark green again in spring. The shrub is unpretentious, it can grow in the sun and in partial shade. It grows slowly even in well-cultivated soil. In our climatic conditions, it grows no higher than one meter. If you do not cut it, then the bush grows loose, therefore in the first years of life it is better to form it, and in the subsequent years to prevent thickening.
This shrub is decorative at any time of the year. In the spring, fragrant clusters of yellow flowers appear, and at the end of summer - sour edible berries, similar to dark grapes, from which you can make jam, wine, jelly. They contain large amounts of vitamin C.
In autumn, I wrap the branches with spunbond to protect them from early spring sunlight, and so that the branches do not break from the snow, I cover the top with a wooden box. In winter, I put snow on top of the box from frost.
Thunberg barberry is the most common type of barberry. His homeland is the mountain slopes of China and Japan. There are shrubs with leaves of various colors: green, dark red, burgundy, golden, variegated. Barberries with solid leaves are the most decorative in the autumn.
The height of the bush depends on the variety and ranges from 30 centimeters to 1.5 meters. Very interesting are dwarf varieties that grow very slowly and are suitable for alpine hills, for example, the Admiration variety with burgundy leaves, along the edge of which there is a yellow-green border. The maximum height of such barberries is 0.3-0.4 cm.
Barberries are winter-hardy, unpretentious, grow both in the sun and in partial shade. In spring they bloom with yellow flowers collected in a brush, at the end of summer berries ripen, which are edible, very pleasant to the taste, with sourness. In dried form, they are added to meat dishes and pilaf, and vitamin tea is obtained. If there are a lot of berries, you can cook jam, jelly, make a delicious liqueur.
Barberry is a source of vitamin C, a blood purifier. But not all berries are edible. In many varieties, the berries are tasteless (no sourness), they are not poisonous, but they are not of interest for processing either. Shrubs growing in the shade bloom poorly and barely bear fruit. Root shoots rarely appear even on well-cultivated soils, and mainly in mature shrubs.
There are many beautiful varieties of barberries, but I consider the most decorative: the variety with golden leaves Ayrea, with variegated leaves - Rose Glow. The decoration of the garden is Korean barberry. It is a shrub no more than one meter high with large rounded emerald-colored leaves with marble veins. Its finest hour comes in the fall, when the leaves turn purple-red, sometimes with yellow spots. They fall in late autumn, withstanding numerous frosts. Unlike other types of barberries, it forms a lot of root growth. It has an original form of thorns: strong, thickened, gathered together in 3-7 pieces.
The most common disease that affects barberries growing in the shade is powdery mildew. It causes the greatest damage in cold, humid summers. Prevention of this disease consists in spraying the bushes with a Topaz solution (according to the instructions) with the addition of laundry soap.
I bought terry lilacs with a closed (in a pot, as well as in a coma of soil wrapped in a net) and an open root system. With an open root system, before planting, the seedling was kept in the Energena solution for a day (one bottle per 10 liters of water).
Lilac saplings, which were in a coma of soil, were also soaked in the Energena solution. When the soil was soaked, I removed it from the roots of the seedling by rinsing them in a bucket of water, changing it several times. Don't be afraid to do this. Lilacs, in which the root system has been treated in this way, take root very well. Their roots immediately fall into the fertile soil and begin to give good growth every year.
Relying on a closed root system (the seedling sat tightly in a pot), she planted lilacs from pots with a lump of earth into a large pit well filled with compost, rotted manure, Azophos, superphosphate, ash. These lilacs grew very slowly, especially in the first year. They had to pay a lot of attention: either their leaves were light yellow, then they were twisted. In nurseries, seedlings are usually planted in the cheapest soil - peat.
Such soil is highly acidic and poor in nutrients. So my lilacs suffered in such soil. Some seedlings still had to be dug up the next spring, rinsed the roots in water, freed from peat, and carefully straightened the roots, planted again.
Terry lilacs are sold grafted, so I remove any root shoots so as not to weaken the bush. After flowering, the peduncles are removed. This must be done so that the plant does not waste energy on setting and ripening seeds. I feed the lilacs every year. In the spring, under the bush, I bring in azophoska, superphosphate and potash chlorine-free fertilizer.
From above I fall asleep with rotted manure and compost, not sparing them. From June to mid-July, once every 10 days, I feed it with liquid manure with sapropel, pouring 10 liters of slurry under each bush, having previously watered it well with water. Or I spend this feeding after the rain. I do not loosen the soil, but only pull out the emerging weeds. It is loose from the annual organic application.
The northerners also grew up in the garden - a dwarf birch and a juniper, brought by me from the Murmansk region. Northern plants should be covered with snow in winter, everything above the snow cover freezes. In the Northwest, thaws are frequent, followed by frosts. Three years later, the northerners died after the frost, which replaced the next thaw.
Gardeners who cannot pay much attention to their garden can plant unpretentious zoned shrubs, such as the viburnum, Thunberg barberry, spirea, silvery elk, dogwood, mockweed, viburnum, decorative almonds, not grafted lilacs. Maintenance of these shrubs is minimal.
If the plant is brought from another region, then it requires a long period of acclimatization and increased attention of the gardener to agricultural technology and shelter in the winter. In this case, very often the expectations do not justify the means. For myself, I concluded that southerners are easier to adapt to our climate than northerners. Siberians and plants brought from the Far East, such as actinidia, Chinese magnolia vine, Eleutherococcus, and some conifers, also take root well with us.
I can no longer imagine our garden without ornamental shrubs. This is a perennial decoration of the site from spring to late autumn. Don't be afraid to plant these plants in your gardens. They allow you to create lovely compositions, unique corners, inimitable landscapes.
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