Table of contents:
Video: Daylilies - Growing, Care And Reproduction
Daylilies will decorate your garden and pond
Daylily (Hemerocallis lilio-asphodelus). Other names are yellow daylily, krasnodnev, yellow lily. This is one of the most beautiful garden plants. I grew my first daylilies from seeds 15 years ago and now I simply cannot imagine my garden without them.
Such a variety of beautiful flowers of various shapes, colors and sizes are unlikely to be found. You can create a garden of continuous flowering from daylilies alone. Breeders have created daylilies in almost all colors except pure blue.
Depending on the variety, daylilies can bloom from May until frost. Such properties of this plant make it possible to use daylilies in all types of flower garden decoration.
Plant nurseries Stores of goods for summer cottages Landscape design studios
Description of the plant
Daylily is a perennial plant. The roots are fibrous with fleshy thickenings. The stem is glabrous, reaches a height of 30 to 100 cm. Some species reach a height of 270 cm. Flowers of various colors and shapes, 5 to 20 cm long, with a pleasant aroma. Each flower lives only one day. They are collected in 6-9 pieces in paniculate inflorescences.
The total number of flowers on one plant per season is 150 and even 300 pieces. As a result of many years of breeding work in the world, about 10 thousand varieties of daylilies with flowers of the most diverse shapes and colors have been bred. Among daylilies, there are species in which flowers bloom after sunrise and remain open during the day, and there are those in which flowers bloom only at night.
In China, daylilies have been known in culture for over a thousand years. The first mention of plants in culture dates back to 1500 BC. e. In nature, daylily grows in Eastern and Western Siberia, the Far East, Southern Transcaucasia and Western Europe, in the Mediterranean. It can be found in floodplain meadows, along river valleys, or along the edges of pine and birch forests.
Daylilies are unpretentious plants in culture. They can grow in partial shade. But in a well-lit area, its flowering will be massive and abundant, daylilies are frost-resistant. For more than 15 years they have been growing in one place, retaining their decorative effect. Grow well on any garden nutrient soils. With good care, the plant throws out several peduncles, there are varieties that bloom twice.
Breeding methods for daylilies
Divided daylilies are ready for transplanting.
Daylilies propagate vegetatively and by seeds. When growing plants from seeds, varietal characteristics are not always preserved. Daylily seeds quickly lose their germination. They should be sown fresh immediately after harvesting before winter or next spring.
When sowing in spring, the seeds require stratification. Plants grown from seeds bloom in the second or third year.
Most often, vegetative propagation is used for propagation of varieties and hybrids, in which all the characteristics of the mother plant are preserved. The main method of vegetative propagation is dividing the bush. Early flowering plants are divided in autumn, the rest are divided in spring when the leaves grow back. It is difficult to divide an adult daylily bush. It is dug out entirely and cut with a sharp shovel into divisions with a growth bud and 2-3 roots. When planting, the root collar is placed at soil level, the roots are evenly distributed to the sides.
Daylilies, echinacea and cottonweed in the garden
In spring, daylilies are fed with nitrogen, and during budding and flowering - with phosphorus and potassium. After flowering, re-feeding is carried out to actively bookmark a large number of flower buds in daylilies. Many daylilies can be propagated by axillary shoots; daughter plants are formed in the leaf axils, which are cut and planted in flower pots or in a greenhouse for growing.
When planting daylilies, you need to take into account that the brown-yellow daylily and its hybrids spread over time. Their root suckers quickly appear 10-20 cm from an adult plant.
The rest of the daylily species grow slowly, and the most beautiful large-flowered hybrids give only two or three new shoots per year. Despite the fact that daylilies are considered frost-resistant plants, their roots are located close to the surface, so they should still be covered for the winter, especially for hybrid large-flowered varieties. The entire above-ground part of the plant must be cut off before the shelter.
Combining daylilies with other plants
Daylilies look good in open areas in single plantings, against the background of the lawn in front of the house. They are also planted in flower beds. Daylilies near the reservoir look very good. Successful neighbors for them are astilba, iris, peonies, chamomile, delphinium, bathing suits, tradescantia, lily, echinacea.
Pests and diseases
Thrips are a threat to daylilies. The most common disease is heterosporia.
Daylilies have been cultivated for a long time as decorative, food and medicinal plants.
Read part 2. Medicinal use of daylilies →