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Video: How To Grow A Full Blooded, Healthy And Beautiful Garden In The Northwest Region
This can be done by any gardener and summer resident. You just need to get certain knowledge, and then use it in practice: choose the plants you like for wet and dry areas of the site, for sunny and shaded areas, for fertile or humus-poor soil, for meadows or sandy and stony lands. Plant height, flowering time, flower color and leaf texture are all factors that determine the choice and place of planting flowers in gardens.
Without a doubt, the ease and success of growing flowers depends on choosing the right place. If you provide the plants with the right lighting and good drainage, you can assume that the main conditions for lush flowering have been created.
Most flowers prefer a sunny place from six to eight in the morning every day, some of them also in the afternoon, for example, yarrow, acidantera, aconite, ayuga, aquilegia, artemisia (wormwood), badan (bergenia), campanula (bells), centaurea (cornflowers) and many others. Many flowers adapt to any shade. These are clefthoof, lily of the valley, aruncus, astilba and others. Usually, perennials need soil with good drainage, but at the same time they must be provided with constant moisture.
Since most perennials stay in one place for many years, it is extremely important to properly prepare the soil. Good soil preparation is the most important factor in growing healthy plants of all kinds. It should be fertile, loamy, breathable, retain moisture and fertilizer.
If the soil is heavy and clayey, add sand. If the soil is loose, sandy, add clay. In any case, apply organic fertilizers (compost, rotted manure, peat mass) to improve soil structure and fertility. Mineral fertilizers will also help improve its nutritional quality.
To do this, dig a hole 30-40 cm deep. If the water level is within this depth, then the height of the flower bed (usually 30 cm) is measured from the level of standing water or prepare a high flower bed.
Many perennials grow better when the soil is slightly acidic, i.e. pH = 6-6.8. Therefore, it is necessary to create optimal conditions for plant growth.
Plants purchased in containers can be planted at any time during the warm season. Store completed plants in pots with moist soil and in the shade before preparing the planting site. Plant them to the same depth that they were in the container or grew earlier in the ground. For safety, water the hole and soil around the plants thoroughly after planting.
It is the best way to control weeds, as well as keep soil moisture and protect plant roots from cold temperatures. For this purpose, use compost, peat, well-composted cut grass and fallen leaves, sawdust, previously treated with nitrogenous fertilizer. In the far and near abroad, crushed bark and tree trunks are also successfully used for this. For winter protection of plants that do not tolerate low temperatures, mulching is mandatory. In spring, remove mulch immediately after the spring frost has passed. To protect the roots from the scorching sun in summer, use a summer mulching with the same materials. Lay them in a layer of about 5 cm. You can use fresh cut grass for mulching until it gives seeds.
Young plantings should be watered regularly until they take root. Reduce watering after the plants are strong. Overflow should be avoided. Before proceeding to the next watering, make sure that the water has penetrated deeply. It is better to water deeply and less frequently than often and little by little.
There are special fertilizers for feeding plants, but you can get by with ordinary mineral complex fertilizers. Add them in the amount indicated in the instructions. Over-fertilization can harm plants. After fertilizing for planting, abundant watering is required.
Pests and diseases
The bulk of perennials is distinguished by the fact that they do not have pests and diseases. However, it also happens that plants can attack ticks and aphids. Assess the danger immediately. Treat carefully and only affected plants or their parts (with chemicals or folk remedies) only against specific pests and diseases. It is not necessary to use more control than the required measure.
Mount for plants
To keep plants with tall stems and heavy flowers such as peonies, hydrangeas, delphiniums and others looking good, they need to be maintained.
Plants are well supported by bamboo, wood or metal stakes. Craftsmen make various mounting options. To tie the stems to the structure, use only a soft rope or an easy-to-tie cord used specifically for tying plants.
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