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Curly Honeysuckle To Decorate Vertical Objects In The Garden
Curly Honeysuckle To Decorate Vertical Objects In The Garden

Video: Curly Honeysuckle To Decorate Vertical Objects In The Garden

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Video: 10 best new ideas for your garden from BBC Gardeners World Live 2023, January
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honeysuckle honeysuckle
honeysuckle honeysuckle

Curly honeysuckle is divided into two groups, differing in growth characteristics and pruning methods. Plants of the first group, for example, honeysuckle, honeysuckle or goat (lonicera), form flowers in the axils of leaves on annual growths.

This honeysuckle is commonly planted to shade arbors. She runs wild sometimes. The only job of pruning this honeysuckle is to limit overgrowth. The amount of pruning depends on the space allocated to this plant.

Every year in March - April it is necessary to remove all unwanted increments on it. This stimulates the emergence of young shoots, which quickly fill the formed voids and bloom at the end of the season. Flowers are yellowish or pinkish-white, reddish with tubular-funnel-shaped corollas. In the evening, they exude a scent. The second group is formed by the more common climbing honeysuckle, blooming on the lateral shoots of last year's growth.

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If the plants are left untouched, they climb, clinging to old trees or walls, and grow without pruning at all. In this case, the shoots are intertwined and hang down naturally and freely, forming the so-called "bird's nests" on bare stems. To give them a more attractive appearance, light pruning is done annually immediately after flowering. Part of the weak old branches and some faded shoots are shortened to developing powerful growths.

Young shoots, as they appear, are tied to a support, but plants look better when they hang freely, forming a continuous flowering cover. Vines add a third dimension to the landscape, allowing vertical objects to be styled.

Honeysuckle honeysuckle is common in the regions of Central and Southern Europe, the Caucasus, Asia Minor. She is also no stranger to my garden on the Karelian Isthmus. This beautifully blooming, ornamental, climbing, climbing shrub reaches a height of up to 6 m. Towards the base, its stems thicken and woody. 2-3 years after planting, the liana looks like a bush from below, but still requires support.

Young shoots are light green, purple-reddish on the illuminated side. Its leaves are elliptical or broadly elliptical, 4x10 - 3.5x6 cm in size. Above they are dark green, below - bluish-gray. Their upper 2-3 pairs grow together into an elliptical disc.

In the axils of each accrete leaf, three flowers are placed, forming a head-shaped or corymbose inflorescence. The flowers are bisexual of a peculiar shape with far protruding stamens. Inflorescences reach 5 cm in length, inside are white, pinkish-white, yellowish or reddish. Outside, they are purple-tinged or violet-red with white stripes, fragrant, especially in the evening, with a tubular-funnel-shaped corolla. Fruits are orange-red or red with a very short stalk, as if glued to the leaf, collected in 6-8 pieces.

honeysuckle honeysuckle
honeysuckle honeysuckle

This honeysuckle starts growing in mid-April. Leaves bloom in early May, it blooms in the first decade of June, depending on weather conditions, for 10-20 days. It attracts bees well. The leaves turn yellow in late October. Suckers appear from the roots, so that the plant grows both upward and outward. Honeysuckle is quite winter-hardy, but the tips of the shoots, despite the complete lignification, freeze slightly in severe winters. Its shoot-forming ability is high. It is photophilous, demanding on soil fertility and moisture.

Honeysuckle reproduces honeysuckle by seeds, cuttings and layering. Seeds are sown in the fall or after four months of stratification in the spring. With vegetative propagation, cuttings are harvested at the end of flowering, that is, in the first half of June. In the spring, the shoots are given the directions necessary for decorating the garden.

Curly honeysuckle climbs onto a support to which it can attach itself. The support should provide support in high winds and snowfalls. Plants should not be planted close to a wall. There should always be a space of 20-30 cm between them. At the very wall, the soil is usually very dry. This tends to result in poor growth, twigs dieback and infrequent flowering.

Honeysuckle honeysuckle is usually used in solitary plantings on the lawn, it is used to decorate the walls of buildings and structures. With the help of it, they create vertical gardening of arbors, verandas, balconies, terraces, cornices, retaining walls, one-story buildings, old trees. It is very attractive in combined plantings with climbing roses, coniferous and deciduous shrubs.

Interesting types of honeysuckle

honeysuckle honeysuckle
honeysuckle honeysuckle

There are other types of honeysuckle, and not only curly, that can be used in garden compositions.

Gray honeysuckle is a decorative liana, similar in appearance to honeysuckle, but it is smaller - up to two meters in height.

Korolkov's honeysuckle is one of the most decorative. This is a Central Asian deciduous shrub up to three meters high. In youth it has softly pubescent branches. The leaves are broadly ovate or elliptical, bluish-green or gray-gray. They give the plant a unique originality. The effect increases with the appearance of light red buds. Honeysuckle is charming at the time of flowering, when abundant pink flowers bloom.

It grows successfully in the conditions of the Leningrad region. It differs from other types of honeysuckle in weak damage by pests and diseases. Hardy, but in very harsh winters there is a slight freezing of annual wood. Honeysuckle is decorative throughout the growing season. It looks great in solitary plantings and in loose group plantings in individual garden plots and in city parks.

Maak's honeysuckle is widespread in China, Korea, Japan and the Far East of our country. This is a spreading shrub or tree up to five meters high. The bark on the shoots is light gray. Leaves in shape from ovate-elliptical to broadly lanceolate, gradually pointed.

The fragrant flowers of Maak's honeysuckle are large, snow-white, located along the shoots above the leaves in regular rows, they turn yellow when flowering. Berries are sessile globular, loose, inedible.

It enters the growing season at the end of April, blooms at the end of May, the fruits ripen at the end of August. Mass coloring of leaves occurs at the end of September. This honeysuckle is hardy. Gives an annual growth of up to 30 cm. Drought-resistant. Rarely damaged by pests and diseases.

Maak's honeysuckle is good during the fruiting period and after the leaves have fallen, when the branches are densely planted with blood-red fruits that persist for a long time on the branches. She is a good honey plant. Used in the decoration of gardens as well as other types of honeysuckle.

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Early flowering honeysuckle in the wild is found in the south-east of our country. It is a weakly branched shrub up to 1.5 m tall. The bark is straw yellow, peeling, like other types of honeysuckle, in longitudinal stripes. Young shoots are brown, rigidly fibrous. Young leaves are ovate or broadly ovate, hairy-pubescent. In spring they are light green, in summer they are green, in autumn they are golden yellow.

The flowers are paired, tubular-funnel-shaped with a regular or two-lipped limb, on long (2.5 cm) peduncles. The berries are mostly solitary, spherical or slightly oblong, light red with a white bloom up to 6 mm in diameter, inedible. After ripening, they immediately fall off.

This honeysuckle is winter-hardy, shade-tolerant. Tolerates haircuts and transplants. Propagated by seeds, cuttings, layering. The culture is practically absent. Deserves attention for the original tree-like shape and early appearance on leafless branches of bright pink-lilac flowers and colorful fruiting. Used for solitary and group plantings.

Maksimovich's honeysuckle - with dark purple flowers, Morru honeysuckle with dark red, sometimes yellow fruits, Ruprecht's honeysuckle - with bright yellow abundant flowers and spectacular red fruits (shrub up to 4 meters tall). These types of honeysuckle are effective throughout the growing season, are suitable for all types of ornamental plantings and deserve the widest possible use.

Tolmachev's honeysuckle is a shrub up to 1.4 m tall. In nature, it grows only on Sakhalin. But it is sometimes found in central Russia. Decorative black fruits up to 9 mm long with dark purple or black bracts. Possesses high winter hardiness.

honeysuckle honeysuckle
honeysuckle honeysuckle

Honeysuckle is golden with golden-yellow decorative flowers that have a honey smell. Fruits are red-coral, spherical, fused at the base. The leaves are bright green. Used for group plantings and spectacular hedges.

Recently, new imported varieties of climbing honeysuckle have appeared on sale in horticultural centers.

Blench sandten is the most lush with bright golden flowers. Unpretentious. The best curly honeysuckle. Not damaged by pests. Plant height up to 6 meters.

John Clayton - with an excellent rare color scheme. This amazing variety up to 4.5 meters in height is extremely rare - shiny yellow flowers last all summer. It is a liana with beautiful bluish-green leaves that resemble eucalyptus trees. More compact than most honeysuckle varieties.

Gold flame - has an incredibly beautiful flowering all summer until autumn. The tubular flowers are pale pink, yellow with a golden tint. Beautiful iridescent leaves with a copper sheen and blue tint. Stores well until autumn. Severe frosts often destroy the last flowers. It is noteworthy that they attract birds and butterflies. A characteristic feature - a lush bush does not grow, it grows neatly. It is used in trellis, in wall decoration, covering unsightly places.

Curly honeysuckle is propagated by winter cuttings with two or three eyes. Cuttings are planted in boxes and kept under glass. It is easier to breed honeysuckle with layering, root suckers and summer green cuttings. Distance when planting in a permanent place is 1.5 meters. All climbing honeysuckle plants prefer a sunny location, moderately moist nutrient soil. In severe frosts, they need to be covered with spruce branches or spruce branches.

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