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Promising Varieties Of Gooseberries And Currants - Vitamin Berries
Promising Varieties Of Gooseberries And Currants - Vitamin Berries
Video: Promising Varieties Of Gooseberries And Currants - Vitamin Berries
Video: Our 3 Most Productive Soft Fruit Varieties of 2016 2023, February
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Gooseberry, grade Kazachok
Gooseberry, grade Kazachok

What varieties of gooseberries and currants will delight the owners of garden plots with the harvest Due to the environmentally deteriorating situation, the human body loses its immunity to various types of diseases. This is especially noticeable in the spring, when the body runs out of vitamins, macro- and microelements. These problems can be solved by eating natural vitamins represented by freshly picked fruits and berries, the season of which begins in summer.

Among berry crops, gooseberries and currants are among the vitamins, which are probably grown by every gardener at their summer cottage. Currant berries are useful due to the high content of ascorbic acid, vitamins A, E, PP and group B. Eating its fruits helps to increase immunity, especially to such a disease as influenza. Vitamin A prevents premature aging of the body. Due to its beneficial properties, currants occupy a leading place not only in the garden, but also in industrial areas of the country.

Gooseberry berries contain not only the above vitamins, but also elements such as iron, phosphorus, calcium, iodine, etc. Thanks to this, eating its fruits improves the functions of the gastrointestinal tract and prevents the appearance of cancer cells in the body. Despite this, the bulk of the gooseberry plantations is located mainly on personal plots.

Gooseberry picking
Gooseberry picking

In VNIIS them. I.V. Michurina purposeful work on the collection and study of collections of currants and gooseberries, as well as on the creation of new promising varieties, has been going on for over 50 years. The main contribution to the study and creation of gooseberry varieties belongs to Ekaterina Yurievna Koveshnikova, who also pays great attention to technological issues and issues of culture reproduction. As a result of many years of research, she conducted the selection of varieties for home gardening and for the establishment of industrial plantations. So for planting in summer cottages, the varieties Krasnoslavyansky, Salut, Plum, Souvenir are recommended, which will provide high yields in combination with good quality fruits.

When establishing industrial plantations, an important point is to reduce labor costs. This is achieved not only by selecting the optimal varieties that require minimal maintenance, but also by working out agrotechnical issues, and in particular by planting varieties suitable for machine harvesting. For this purpose, the following varieties are recommended: Kazachok, Malachite, Russian, Serenada, Sirius, Jubilee, Chernomor, etc.

Gooseberries are planted in lighted, weed-free areas with fertile soils. In the central part of Russia, autumn planting with two-year-old seedlings is preferable. In summer cottages, plants are placed at a distance of 2-3 m from each other, often along fences. Industrial cultivation of a crop assumes a distance in a row of 3 m, and between plants 0.7-1 m. The measures for the care of this crop include watering, weeding and loosening of tree trunks, as well as removing dry and damaged branches.

Gooseberry, Krasnoslavyansky grade
Gooseberry, Krasnoslavyansky grade

Now many Russian gardeners prefer to plant on their plots not only high-yielding varieties, but also varieties that are decorative. For this, our institute proposes to plant standard gooseberry forms obtained by grafting varietal material onto golden currants, which are used as a stock. Vaccination can be carried out both in winter, storing planting material in basements (winter grafting), and in spring, in growing areas. It should be borne in mind that when cultivating standard forms, it is imperative to provide them with supports (pegs, twigs), the absence of which leads to damage, fracture of plants, especially during the fruiting period. Despite the fact that golden currants are capable of producing weak root growth,when grafting gooseberries onto it, it is imperative to remove the resulting growth.

Gooseberry is one of the early-growing crops. Already 3-4 years after planting, it is capable of producing an industrial crop. Harvesting of its berries can be carried out when they are not fully ripe, which will ensure good transportability. Berries are suitable not only for fresh consumption, but also for freezing, processing into compotes, preserves, jams, etc.

Promising gooseberry varieties

Kazachok

Brought out GNU VNIIS them. I.V. Michurin. The variety is of medium ripening. The bush is medium-sized, spreading. Slightly curved shoots, medium spine. Leaves are bright green, strongly dissected. Berries with an average weight of 3.5 g of dark plum color, sweet and sour taste. Average yield 3.5 kg per bush. Resistant to low temperatures and spheroteca.

Krasnoslavyansky

Bred at the Leningrad Fruit and Vegetable Experimental Station. A variety of medium early ripening. The bush is medium-sized, slightly spreading, of medium density. The spine of the shoots is average. Berries with an average weight of 3.9 g of dark red color, dessert taste. Average yield 3.5 kg per bush. Resistant to low temperatures and spheroteca.

Gooseberry, grade Malachite
Gooseberry, grade Malachite

Malachite

Brought out GNU VNIIS them. I.V. Michurin. The variety is of medium ripening. The bush is vigorous, spreading. Spiny shoots. The leaves are large, dark green. Berries with an average weight of 4 g are bright green in color. Average yield 4 kg per bush. Resistant to low temperatures and spheroteca.

Russian

Brought out GNU VNIIS them. I.V. Michurin. Medium late ripening variety. The bush is medium-sized, slightly spreading. Shoots are medium spine. Leaves are bright green, slightly leathery. Berries with an average weight of 4 g are dark red in color. Average yield 3.1 kg per bush. Resistant to low temperatures and spheroteca.

Serenade

Brought out GNU VNIIS them. I.V. Michurin. Late ripening variety. The bush is medium-sized, slightly spreading. Shoots are practically thornless. Leaves are medium, light green. Berries with an average weight of 4.5 g of violet-red color. Average yield 3.6 kg per bush. Resistant to low temperatures, in some years it is damaged by spheroteca.

Sirius

Brought out GNU VNIIS them. I.V. Michurin. Medium late ripening variety. The bush is medium-sized, upright. Shoots are practically thornless. Berries with an average weight of 3.6 g of dark red color. Average yield 3 kg per bush. Resistant to low temperatures, weakly resistant to spheroteca.

Plum

Brought out GNU VNIIS them. I.V. Michurin. Medium early ripening. The bush is vigorous, compact. The shoots are strongly thorny. Berries with an average weight of 5 g of dark red color. Average yield 4 kg per bush. Resistant to low temperatures and spheroteca.

Chernomor

Brought out GNU VNIIS them. I.V. Michurin. Medium late ripening. The bush is vigorous, slightly spreading. Slightly spiny shoots. Berries with an average weight of 3 g are almost black in color. Average yield 3.9 kg per bush. Resistant to low temperatures and spheroteca.

Anniversary

Brought out GNU VNIIS them. I.V. Michurin. Medium late ripening variety. The bush is medium-sized, compact. The shoots are strongly thorny. Berries with an average weight of 4 g of bright yellow color. Average yield 4 kg per bush. Resistant to low temperatures and relatively resistant to spheroteca.

For gardeners of the North-West region from the named varieties of gooseberries, the varieties Russian, Krasnoslavyansky, Malachite, Plum, Kazachok are suitable.

The description of the varieties was prepared based on the materials of E.Yu. Koveshnikova. - Recommendations for the assortment of berry and non-traditional horticultural crops for the conditions of the Tambov region.

To be continued

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