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Mallow - Stock-rose: Varieties, Cultivation And Reproduction
Mallow - Stock-rose: Varieties, Cultivation And Reproduction

Video: Mallow - Stock-rose: Varieties, Cultivation And Reproduction

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Video: Mallow Flowers 4 Different Kinds - Useful Plants Series 2023, February
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Mallow - simple charm

Mallow, stock-rose
Mallow, stock-rose

Mallow is a plant that is as simple as it is charming. This is a favorite flower of the older generation, a resident of front gardens and backyard beds, places where ordinary plants often did not survive.

In the old days this "provincial" plant was not favored by professional flower growers and decorators, but recently the attitude towards this flower, pleasant in all respects, has changed dramatically.

Mallow has become a full-fledged decoration of gardens and parks, and its varietal diversity is now so great that you can pick up a plant for any, even the most fastidious taste.

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Malva, or in another way the stock-rose, belongs to the Malvov family, whose representatives grow in abundance in southern Europe and Asia Minor. Most of them are tall perennial or biennial grasses with whole, alternate, palmate-lobed or dissected leaves and very large flowers, which are collected in spike-shaped inflorescences.

Mallow, stock-rose
Mallow, stock-rose

Currently, about 60 stock-rose species exist and are cultivated in culture in different volumes, but pink mallow is most widespread due to its outstanding decorative properties. However, do not confuse mallow (stock-rose) with mallow, which also belongs to mallow, but is a representative of a different family.

Mallow has long been loved in Russia, revered and considered her a symbol of the sun and honesty. Mallow was considered capable of saving a home from evil spirits, therefore they planted it directly at the exit from the house, and young people, wanting to get the favor of a lady dear to their hearts, gave her a scarlet-colored rose stock, which was necessarily cut off with the left hand (from the heart) and before sunrise, so that dew drops remain on its petals. In general, in decorative gardening, the stock-rose has been known for almost six hundred years, even the name was not given to it simply, but with a meaning, indicating, however, the structure of the plant - the stock in translation means a trunk or a stick. This flower is loved in many countries of the world, including here, in Russia.

Features of stock-rose

Mallow, stock-rose
Mallow, stock-rose

Stock-rose pink is truly a giant among flowers, it has dark green, erect, slightly pubescent shoots, sometimes reaching a height of three meters and a diameter of 15 centimeters, forms funnel-shaped flowers of various colors - from crystal white, delicate pink and rich -yellow to bright red, purple and even almost black.

Mallows are opportunistic plants, they are characterized by high drought resistance, tremendous cold resistance, resistance to weeds, as well as most pests and diseases.

Stock-roses bloom usually very abundantly and for quite a long time, often until late autumn. Their seeds germinate very well, even from self-seeding, hence the important plus - the absence of problems during reproduction.

In general, mallow is a perennial plant, but most often it is cultivated only as biennial, and this is correct, because in the third year mallow blooms much worse and sometimes even die, but if you pay enough attention to the plant, the flower can please the eye for a considerable period of time. sometimes even more than ten years.

Mallow breeding

Mallow, stock-rose
Mallow, stock-rose

As mentioned, mallow can be easily propagated by seed. It is a little more difficult to do this by resorting to the method of grafting or dividing the bush.

More often they still use seed reproduction, so we will dwell on it in more detail. With seed propagation, the stock-rose is grown in two ways - by sowing in open ground or in a greenhouse for seedlings.

When grown outdoors, mallow seeds are sown directly into the soil. You can sow before winter, but it is better to do it in the spring, as soon as the soil warms up and the danger of recurrent frosts is over. Some experts strongly recommend sowing stock-rose seeds at the end of April, during this period, supposedly, there is more moisture in the soil, but most still tend to sow at the beginning of May.

Seeds are usually sown three pieces in each hole. They are prepared in advance in loose soil. The planting depth is usually 1-3 cm, and the distance between the holes is about 25-50 cm. It should be remembered that the mallow does not tolerate transplanting quite well, so it is better to sow its seeds immediately in the place where it will constantly grow.

Mallow, stock-rose
Mallow, stock-rose

If the weather is warm and humid outside, the seeds will germinate in two weeks. Thinning of seedlings is done when the seedlings have two true leaves. Usually one of the most developed seedlings is left in the hole.

The next option is growing through seedlings. For these purposes, its seeds are sown in the soil of a cold greenhouse or, even better, in small containers with soil, which must be placed in a cool place.

The optimum temperature at which the seeds germinate after 12-14 days is 18 … 20 ° C. The emerging seedlings must be thinned out to a distance of about 2 cm between the plants, and more mature plants must be cut into separate pots or greenhouses and left there for growing. Already sufficiently strong seedlings should be transferred to a permanent place. This is usually done in August or September. The optimal planting scheme is such that the distance between the plants is approximately 25-50 cm.

Mallow, stock-rose
Mallow, stock-rose

Both presented technologies imply the cultivation of a stock rose in a biennial culture, that is, the plants will bloom only next year in the summer. Mallow can be grown in an annual crop and bloom in the same year. To achieve this effect, the seeds must be sown in greenhouses between late January and early March, and then transplanted into open ground in May. It is quite natural that with this method of cultivation you can achieve flowering already in the middle of summer, besides, such seedlings grow well in pots.

As for the growing conditions, the stock-rose is not very demanding for them, but if you want to pamper your plant, and with it yourself, then the lush flowering of fragrant buds, then the mallow should be planted in an open, sunny place protected from the winds. Preferably on deeply cultivated and moderately moist soil. In this case, the plant will definitely reward you with its beauty. Remember that with a lack of nutrients in the soil, the mallow loses its brightness and height.

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Rose stock care

Mallow, stock-rose
Mallow, stock-rose

It consists in regular weeding, loosening, and watering in dry weather. If the soils of your site are poor, then you need to provide them with adequate nutrition. This is achieved through fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizers. Do not forget about diseases and pests.

Mallow is a tall, powerful plant, it can easily break under a gust of wind in its prime. Therefore, it is worth helping him - to strengthen it, tying it to stakes, which can be decoratively decorated - painted to match the foliage.

If the removal of plants immediately after flowering is not included in your plans, but you, on the contrary, want to extend the life cycle of the culture, then you need to cut off the inflorescences immediately after flowering, leave shoots 4-5 cm high, this will allow the stock-rose to endure the winter without problems.

Covering them with dry foliage, spruce branches or mulching with peat, humus, sawdust can add frost resistance to plants. The overwintered plants will immediately start growing in the spring.

Stock rose varieties

Mallow, stock-rose
Mallow, stock-rose

Particular attention should be paid to mallow varieties, of which a sufficient number has already been bred. The stock-rose color range now ranges from delicate white, cream and pink flowers in Tsarevna Swan, Peach Dream and Apple Blossom, to scarlet in the Koroleva Beauty and chocolate chestnut, black in the center in Nigra.

The varieties Rosina and Koroleva Salmon have flowers of elk and orange-pink shades; the variety Sunlight has golden-yellow inflorescences.

The Raspberry King variety has a bright raspberry color, the Violet variety is purple, and the Maroon and Bordeaux varieties have a maroon color. Among the modern varieties, there are also variegated.

In addition to the rather widespread varieties with the usual bell-shaped flowers, such as the Single variety with flowers of a shiny texture of all colors, spectacular semi-double and double forms were bred.

Densely double English varieties of the Chaters Double Mixed series with a plant height of up to 200 cm and large (up to 15 cm in diameter), peony-like flowers of various colors are of particular value.

The cultivars of the Powder Puffs Mixed series, reaching a height of 150-200 cm, are also distinguished by very decorative double flowers of a rich color range.

Mallow, stock-rose
Mallow, stock-rose

In addition to the usual tall varieties, undersized stock-rose forms are widespread, for example, medium-sized (up to 90-100 cm high) Pinafore Mixed and dwarf (up to 60-75 cm) Majorette Mixed cultivars with large semi-double flowers of various colors.

The seeds of most stock-rose varieties can be bought quite freely in most spring shops that specialize in selling plants and seeds; variety series and attractive variety mixtures are also often on sale. For example, the variety mixture Summer Carnival is especially popular, which is a magnificent duet of dark green foliage and large, up to 15 cm in diameter, double flowers with an amazing variety of colors.

The height of the plants is small, usually 1-1.5 meters. The garland is a variety mixture of the most amazing plants with a stem height of up to two meters with double, reaching a diameter of 12 cm, strongly resembling roses, flowers of all kinds of shades. They will not leave anyone indifferent.

The use of stock roses in landscapes

Mallow, stock-rose
Mallow, stock-rose

As for the methods of application, here the mallow is unmatched. After all, her plants look great in group plantings with other ornamental and deciduous plants, it goes well with cosmea and sunflower, rudbeckia and phlox.

The stock rose is often used to create magnificent compositions on the lawn, for decorating flower beds, mixborders and rabatki. Since mallow is a high flower culture, it is ideal for decorating the background of flower beds, it is often used even to create hedges, or simply as a screen for low outbuildings, fences and other structures that do not differ in decorativeness. Existing undersized mallow varieties are perfect for pot compositions, they will look great in vases, capacious pots, containers that will elegantly decorate your patio, veranda, porch, windows and balconies of apartments and private houses.

Blooming mallow is great when cut. Plants for bouquets are best cut at the bud stage, they bloom very well and stand in water for more than a month, often without losing their decorative qualities at all, delighting the eye with graceful flowering.

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